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Patras Bokhari

Posted on August 5, 2006
Filed Under >Raza Rumi, Books, People, Urdu
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Guest Post By Raza Rumi

Last December witnessed a literary landmark of post-internet Pakistan. A dedicated website – www.patrasbokhari.com – on Patras Bokhari, a towering literary figure, was launched at the Government College University, Lahore.

Prof Syed Ahmed Shah Bokhari (1898-1958) is most famous through his pen-name ‘Patra’Â? Bokhari. While he was a first-rate educationist, broadcaster and diplomat, perhaps his lasting fame is the result of his stature as an inimitable essayist and humourist – a rare trait amongst the mourning and elegy-prone South Asian creed.

Patras Ke Mazameen, immortal as they are, set the standard for high quality, incisive satire and humour. Unlike the medieval mores of literature being the preserve of the courts and its courtiers, these essays reach out to everyone, encompassing a modern sensibility that makes them pertinent and attractive even today. There is a distinct universality in these writings that perhaps had to do with the humane and cosmopolitan side of Patras himself.



The compelling evidence of this aspect was his huge success as a diplomat when he served as Pakistan’s permanent envoy at the United Nations in the early 1950s, enabling him to be titled ‘a citizen of the world.’

Patras has, however, been criticised for being a man without a vocation and one who did not adequately focus on his literary genius. Lionel Fielden, who facilitated Patras’ career shift from teaching to broadcasting, remarked: He was much more the don than the impresario, and broadcasting needs the impresario, which his brother was. I did not really want Ahmed Shah to succeed me when my contract finished because I thought, despite his brilliance, he was the wrong man for the radio.â€Â?

Allama Iqbal is purported to have composed the poem Aik Falsafazada Syedzaday Kay Naam on his disappointment after meeting Patras upon the latter’s return from Cambridge – Iqbal had earlier provided Patras with references to Cambridge. Others complained that he did not focus on literature: ‘He was a majlasi aadmi and loved to be with people. Perhaps the lonesome existence of a scholar was not in keeping with his temperament.’

Noon Meem Rashed, a student, lamented that Patras was “… a great man who missed the bus. The buses passed by one after the other, while he kept looking under his feet. For example, writing was his forte and among his countrymen he will always be remembered and respected as a writer, rather than as an administrator or diplomat; but he did very little to apply himself seriously to writing and once he sold his soul to the demons of administration and diplomacy, so to say, he found it even harder to satisfy his urge to write.”

These subjective evaluations seem to be unfair to such a diverse soul as Patras Bokhari. During his short life, he seems to have been the figure around whom rallied luminaries such as Taseer, Chiragh Hasan Hasrat, Ghulam Mustafa Tabassum, Noon Meem Rashed, Faiz Ahmed Faiz and many others. Patras provided critical and creative encouragement to so many who touched his life. He wanted variety and could not confine himself to a uni-dimensional career or vocation. This is what makes Patras different from so many of his contemporaries.

Other than being a rare blend of East and West, Patras exemplified the modern man – searching for new meanings in life and experimenting with experiences. His Mazameen are a rare gift to posterity and no wonder they remain as popular as they were when published decades ago. Lahore ka Jugraphya and Mable aur Mein are evergreen classics in their own right.

In true South Asian tradition, we are averse to change; the many shifts in Patras’ career must have irked his more traditional contemporaries. Nevertheless, he shone within his country and abroad and brought much honour to Pakistan.

Professor Anwar Dil’s collection of Bokhari’s speeches and writings On This Earth Together, Ahmed S Bokhari at UN 1950-58 is a valuable contribution to understanding the prolific figure. Dil’s laborious task of compiling scattered papers pieces together a varied man. To date, it is the only book of its kind.

Journalist Khalid Hasan (see earlier ATP post on Noor Jahan) once commented that “Bokhari was a highbrow.” At the UN, he returned a poem sent for a campaign by Robert Frost, as he did not think “it was up to par.” In his book Diary of a Diplomat published in 1986, Afzal Iqbal records several real-life anecdotes that testify to Patras ‘pure humour,’ the freshness of which prompted Gilani Kamran to say that Bokhari’s voice and style was something new in our literary tradition.

While talking of Patras, one cannot but mention K.K. Aziz, the eminent historian who was a student of Patras. In his love for his teacher, Aziz established the Bokhari English Prize at Cambridge University, awarded annually to the best student of English at Emmanuel College (making him the first Asian in whose name an endowment fund has been established at Cambridge). I remember reading an account of Aziz being overjoyed to discover Patras’ photos at the library of Emmanuel College. K.K. Aziz has been working on a seminal biography of Patras and we all await its completion.

Despite his status of being nearly a household name in Pakistan, by all accounts, work and research on Patras remains limited. We are not known as a nation that preserves its heritage or passes it on to the younger generations through accessible routes.

Patras’ grandson Ayaz Bokhari and his associates have done a tremendous job in constructing the website and, in so doing, breaking the near silence on Patras. Thankfully, the links open with relative ease and the handiwork of Pakistan Data Management Services appears to be of a professional quality. There are some great photographs and features on the site.

The evolution of this website is also interesting. Emanating from the school projects of Ayaz Bokhari’s children, the idea became bigger and eventually led to a full-fledged web resource. In the words of Ayaz Bokhari, “the question before us is: what are we, as Pakistani society, doing to communicate the works of our intellectuals, scholars, men of letters, our luminaries in various fields? Are we, as a society, making a fast enough transition from word of mouth or print to the electronic media? I fear not. I sincerely hope that this will prompt the development of more websites to capture and present the works of our luminaries for easy, free and ready access by all.”

The internet and its related tools can be powerful sources of the transfer of knowledge to Pakistan’s future generations. We have already reduced the size of our libraries, while printing and publishing is an endangered business. Whether we like it or not, more and younger Pakistanis will be hooked onto the Internet – the number of users has already crossed 20 million.

While I am confident that the website will be well-received, it must grow beyond its present limits. Patras’ rich life has many facets waiting to be brought into the public domain. E.M. Forster summed it up very well: “Many can shine in the universe but only few can shine from the darkest of eclipses, and Bokhari is one of them.”

Born in 1898, Syed Ahmed Shah ‘Patras’ Bokhari was a distinguished student at Lahore’s Government College (GC). He made his mark on the institution’s dramatics scene – including playing Hamlet in what was arguably the best effort of the college’s dramatic club – and by editing the college magazine The Ravi. He stood first in his year for the MA English examination and later taught English as a lecturer, juggling alongside a flourishing acting career.

In 1927, Patras started a degree at Cambridge University, from where he earned a First in his Tripos – in itself is a rare distinction. On his return from Cambridge, he started teaching at the Government College as a full professor. Patras’ career did not remain restricted to teaching; before long, he named and became involved with the All India Radio (AIR).

His distinguished brother Zulfikar Bokhari was selected as the Station Director, while Patras was appointed the Deputy Director General of AIR. In time, Patras Bokhari became the Director General of AIR, when he identified and promoted several talents such as Noon Meem Rashed, Manto and Pran Chopra amongst others. In 1947, Patras – reportedly reluctantly – joined the Government College as principal, just as partition riots were breaking out. He remained at this post till 1950, inspiring a multitude of his pupils at GC.

When Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan went on a tour of the US in 1950, he took Patras along as his speech-writer. The speeches were later published by Harvard Press in the form of a book and were greatly appreciated for their quality.

In 1951, Patras was appointed as the Permanent Representative of Pakistan at the United Nations for his unique gift of being fluent in the worlds of the East and the West, in addition to his skills as an orator – a crucial requirement for diplomats. For the next four years, Patras represented Pakistan and established the tradition in the Pak-UN mission of advancing the cause of Muslim countries and peoples.

His historical speech on Tunisia in the Security Council, against the Anglo-French veto on the discussion of Tunisia’s freedom, is a legendary defence of the emerging nation. Later, Tunisians named a road after Patras Bokhari. Another memorable address that Patras delivered, in the The New York Herald Tribune in 1952 on the problems of underdeveloped countries, is still a valid argument for the transfer of technology to underdeveloped countries.

His landmark speech at the UN General Assembly, welcoming the new secretary-general Dag Hammarskjold in 1953, led to another rise in his UN career. In 1955, the Secretary General appointed him the Under Secretary General in charge of public information. A glowing tribute came from Ralphe Bunche, Nobel Laureate, also an Under Secretary General at the UN: “He was in fact a leader and a philosopher, a savant, indeed, even though not old in years, a sort of elder statesman. His true field of influence and impact was the entire complex of the United Nations family.”

Other than his UN successes, Patras Bokhari was a sought-after speaker in New York and his articles in The New York Times provided him with increased stature, especially as the newspaper extolled his intimacy with Persian, Urdu and English, his extraordinary conversation skills as well as his lifestyle.

Diabetes, however, was progressively weakening Patras Bokhari’s heart and his health grew frailer. His career, still short of its peak, was cut short by his death in December 1958. He is buried in New York, and his epitaph – lines written earlier in his honour by Robert Frost – reads:

‘Nature within her inmost self divides
To trouble men with having to take sides.’

Raza Rumi is an international development professional, a proud Lahori, and a citizen of the world. A version of this essay was first published in The Friday Times. More can be found at Raza Rumi’s blog: Jahane Rumi.

20 Comments on “Patras Bokhari”

  1. jugnoo says:
    August 5th, 2006 3:55 am

    He was not only great man having many qualities but also he was a genius.

  2. sabizak says:
    August 5th, 2006 7:49 am

    love love love Patras kay mazaameen. Great man just for that little masterpiece he produced.

  3. Aziz Akhmad says:
    August 5th, 2006 10:48 am

    The Urdu verse written in the above post is not quite legible. Can some one please transliterate it in English?

  4. temporal says:
    August 5th, 2006 1:08 pm

    good post

    enjoyable read

    could not access the website….will try later

    is there a site for ‘chota’ bukhari also (as ZA was known)

  5. Akram Piracha says:
    August 5th, 2006 8:38 pm

    A little known contribution of Bokhari is the survival of UNICEF, which was about to be disbanded after having completed its humanitarian mandate in the WW2 devastated Europe. This most respected and best known humanitarian/development UN organization set the pace and pattern for the subsequent UN development system. Created for the suffering European women and children, the time had come (1952?) to close its doors. Elenor Roosevelt, wife of the US President was the Chief US delegate. Bokhari as the chief delegate of Pakistan was elected to chair the Committee meeting. She read from the prepared US statement given to her, thanking UNICEF for a job well done and proposed its winding up. Bokhari at that point in a dramatic manner stepped down from the Presidents Podium and resumed his seat as Pakistani delegate. He said that listening to Mrs Roosevelt, he felt that he was presiding over some funeral. He said although UNICEF’s work in Europe may have ended, there were millions of suffering women and children in the developing countries that were in far greater need of UNICEF’s help. This reprimand stunned Mrs. Roosevelt. At the next day meeting of the Committee, she thanked Bokhari and reversed the US position. UNICEF mandate was extended and it has remained the flag-bearer of humanitarian development until these troubled times.

  6. August 5th, 2006 9:15 pm

    Dear Piracha Saab. Thank you so very much for this wonderful story about Patras Bokhari and UNICEF. I had never heard of this …. and I work fairly extensively on and with the UN. So, getting to know this makes my day and this is certainly something I will share with others. In fact, makes me think of somehow collecting the details of the various contributions made by Pakistanis in international civil service…. there have been entire generations of some very noteworthy Pakistanis who have worked at, on and with international organizations all over the world….

  7. Roshan Malik says:
    August 5th, 2006 11:56 pm

    Shakespeare said ‘some are born great, some achieve greatness and some have greatness thrust upon them’, but Patras Bokhari was combination of all.

  8. August 6th, 2006 12:34 am

    My knowledge of Patras is limited to reading ‘Patras ke mazaameen’ only, but what compelled me to write this comment is Adil Sahib’s ability to dig out old and historical photos for different articles. The black and whites in this article are memorable and classics. Great post.

  9. August 6th, 2006 12:36 am

    Oops. I just noticed that article is written by Raza sahib. So my tribute to finding out historical photos of Patras goes to both Raza Sahib and Adil Sahib

  10. mohammad siddik says:
    August 16th, 2006 11:37 am

    i am v.glad to read article by akram piracha, who has been my old very wonderful old friend from my unicef time in the early 1970s. i . would highly appreciate if some one can help me with his current whereabouts, his email, his telephones, etc. i am an indonesian, now visisting in the usa and would be going back to jakarta, end of this august month. i thank in advance whoever would be kind enough to help me. m.siddik

  11. Haseeb says:
    September 14th, 2006 11:22 am

    I have been stumbling from page to page of this site and loving it. What a great post on a great man. Why dont we have bureaucrats like this anymore!

    By the way, you should try to get the word about this site to Pakistanis somehow. Its terrific. I am just mailing everyone on my lists.

  12. riaz piracha says:
    October 17th, 2006 2:30 pm

    First, a reply to Mr. M.Siddik. I am Akram’s elder brother. Akram shuttles between the USA and Pakistan. He will be in Islamabad in a day or two. If Mr. Siddik would kindly give his phone number or email address, I shall see that he gets in touch with you. (Incidentally, he reads this blog regularly).

    Regarding A.S.B: He was my teacher, my mentor, and my chief in the Mission to the United Nations. I have the most vivid memories of the years I spent under his tutelage. There is a small piece of mine in Dr. Anwar Dil’s wonderful book On This Earth Together about his speech during the Tunisian Question debate in the Security Council. I was sitting right behind him and I felt ten feet tall!He was a truly great man.

  13. YLH says:
    February 28th, 2007 8:40 am

    What a remarkable man… I’ve heard that sometime after Pakistan began to decline and become an intellectually and culturally morbid society, a group of young intellectuals formed a secret society… akin to Illuminati Order… called the Secret Patras Society in Patras’ honor … they roughly divided Pakistan and the world into two broad categories i.e. Patrases and ILLs… ILLs standing for Intellectual Low Lives… apparently the society ultimately became defunct… any idea anyone?

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