The Best Planned Localities of Pakistan: 8 bazaars of Faisalabad:

Posted on April 15, 2008
Filed Under >Owais Mughal, History, Travel
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Owais Mughal

For many months now, I’ve been thinking of doing a series on Best Planned Neighborhoods of Pakistan. When I think about it, quite a few come to mind e.g. The whole city of Islamabad, North Nazimabad, Karachi, Model Town, Lahore, etc. However one locality that has always caught my attention for its visionary town planning is the Clock Tower and 8 bazaars of Faisalabad. Though it was planned more than 100 years ago, the symmetry and simplicity of design of these 8 bazaars have always fascinated me. The roads of 8 bazaars now seem narrow for the volume of traffic that runs on Faisalabad roads, but I believe a hundred years ago, this must’ve been a marvel of town planning.

Following is a satellite image of Fiasalabad’s Clock Tower and the 8 bazaars laid around it in the shape of British Union Jack.

At present the buildings located in 8 bazaars and the Clock Tower itself are mostly in a state of disrepair.

Like every major city of the world, as population of Faisalabad grew, businesses and residences moved out to suburbs leaving downtown to become one large commercial storage space. Very few people live in the 8 bazaars now but its commercial importance has not waned yet.

Photo to the left shows 19th century architecture in Jhang bazaar which has gone out of fashion for residential units. People have moved out of bazaars to the city suburbs

The Eight bazaars of Faisalabad are called: Aminpur bazaar, Katchery bazaar, Karkhana bazaar, Jhang bazaar, Bhawana bazaar, Rail bazaar, Chiniot bazaar and Mintgumry bazaar (named after Montgomery).

The photo to the right is a street scene of ‘Jhang bazaar’. You should be able to locate a monolithe looking Clock tower in this photo.

Because of the geometry of town planning here, one sees a full face of Clock Tower from 4 perpendicular bazaars. I believe they are Aminpur Bazaar, Jhang bazaar, katchery bazaar and karkhaana bazaar. But from the 4 diagonal bazaars, only the diagonal corners of the Clock Tower are visible. The four diagonal bazaars are called Bhawana bazaar, Rail bazaar, Chiniot bazaar and Mintgumry bazaar. During my childhood visits to the Faisalabad it was always a fascination to try to guess the name of a bazaar, looking at what side or corner of the Clock Tower was visible to us. That fascination went away once I could start remembering the bazaars from their shops and other landmarks.

It is said that the modern city of Faisalabad came into existrence around 1880 when a proper city was designed by one Captain Pophan Young. I am unable to find if Captain Young also designed the 8 bazaars or not. The only one source of such data on web attributes the design of 8 bazaars to the famous philanthropist Sir Ganga Ram and it is said:

Sir Ganga Ram was assigned to draft its plan. After approval of draft Sir Ganga Ram was given five squares of lane as reward.

Can some reader authenticate this claim about Sir Ganga Ram?


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The planned city was then named as Lyallpur, after the British Lieutenant Governor of the Punjab, Sir Charles James Lyall. The 8 bazaars were planned in the shape of the Union Jack to commemorate the long reign of Queen Victoria of England.

The actual work on the construction of Clock Tower started after its foundation stone was laid on November 14, 1903 by Sir Charles Pewaz, the then governor of Punjab. The plaque of the foundation stone was prepared by metal art experts of Chennai, Yangon and Colombo.

As the story goes, there used to be a beautiful park at the centre point of the eight bazaars and a well in the middle of the park. The site of the well had been selected for constructing the Clock Tower. To build the Clock Tower, that well was filled. The filling of the well took weeks. The earth for the filling was collected from Chak Ram Dewali (located on present day Sargodha Road).

Red sand stone was obtained from Sangla Hill. Expert sculptors which included one Gulab Khan who belonged to the family who built Taj Mahal in Agra, installed big blocks of red sand stone after proper dressing and sizing them.

Expert carpenters were also involved in the construction and beautification of the tower. Big wooden planks were installed without being saw-cut into nets and fixed in the doors and windows of the tower. The clock for the tower was brought from Mumbai. The work was completed in Dec, 1905 and the whole construction cost came out to be Rs 40,000.

Sir Lion Toper, the then finance commissioner, performed the formal inauguration of the Clock Tower in the presence of hundreds of citizens of Lyallpur by stepping onto the balcony of the tower. By the time this tower was built the eight bazaars were already inhabited and functional.

The 8 bazaars cover a total area of 110 acres . All these eight bazaars are also connected with each other through a circular road (also a bazaar) called the Gol Bazaar.

The monument shown to the right is located just outside the Rail bazaar. It is called Gumti. It is now part of a traffic circle. It also dates back to British era. I am unable to find exact date of its construcution. One source says early 1900s.

To Reduce Congestion Around Bazaars: The Lyallpur Town Administration, on December 10, 2005, imposed a ban on the entry of slow-moving vehicles which included donkey-carts, tongas and motorcycle-rickshaws. The ban’s jurisdiction included eight bazaars around the Clock Tower and adjoining commercial centres. (Reference 6 below)

Personal Memories:

I have some vague and some vivid memories of visiting the Clock Tower and the 8-bazaars in my childhood and teenage. I do remember one of the tastiest home made mango ice cream is sold infront of Clock Tower. I think the ice cream shop was between Aminpur bazaar and Bhawana bazaar. There were also several ‘Carrot juice’ shops around the Clock Tower that used to do roaring business in winters. I remember a long line of stationery stores in Aminpur bazaar. One shop called ‘ASCO sports’ in Kutchehry bazaar was very dear to me because I always used to buy cricket bats from there which became very popular among my team mates in Karachi. I don’t know if ASCO sports is still there. Can a authentic Faisalabadi confirm that?

References and Credits:

1. City District Government Faisalabad
2. World66.com Travel Guide on Faisalabad- The history of Faisalabad given at this site is the one which is copied all over the web. Needs second source.
3. Satellite Image from googleearth.com
4. Sunaina Suneja at flickr.com for Jhang Bazaar photos
5. Faisalabad Clock Tower Photo is from wikipedia
6. Dawn News on ban of slow traffic in bazaars here

26 Comments on “The Best Planned Localities of Pakistan: 8 bazaars of Faisalabad:”

  1. Riaz Haq says:
    April 15th, 2008 12:02 pm

    I have fond memories of my visit to Faisalabad ( I think people still called it Lyallpur when I was there). I distinctly remember “Ghanta Ghar” and a nearby little restaurant called “Mona Lisa” where I had lunch with my NED buddies during the NEDians tour in 1973.
    The cities planned around clock towers were designed and built by the Brits in almost all of their colonies. The clock represented the supremacy of the colonial rulers and the virtues of punctuality…. a thing the Brits were known for when the peasants turned to factory work during industrial revolution that coincided (of necessity) with colonization. Fortunately, we did get rid of the colonial rule but, unfortunately, we also lost the virtue of punctuality as well.

  2. April 15th, 2008 2:11 pm

    Owais Bhai,

    A fine post as usual.

    The British East India Company never fail to amaze me!

    Feimanallah

    Wasim

  3. Mustafa Kemal says:
    April 15th, 2008 4:24 pm

    Come to think of it. Town planning is Pakistan’s gift to the world. World’s first planned cities were established in Harappa and Mohan-je-doro.

  4. Rafay Kashmiri says:
    April 15th, 2008 4:39 pm

    @ Aath Bazaar is a karamat of a Pir in the region,
    called Aath-Bazari Pir Ghantay Shah, of yourse, you all
    are worried about his Karamaat, well don’t bother,
    the karamaat was that you enter from any of 8 avenues
    the Pir use to turn the Ghanta Ghar in front of you.

    I have not seen myself this marvellous Bazar, wish to
    witness this ” Karamaat “.

  5. April 15th, 2008 10:47 pm

    Its Lyallpur. What did Faisal of Suadi Klan did for Lyallpur. Money talks and walk.

  6. Allah Wasaya says:
    April 15th, 2008 11:30 pm

    Thank you for enlightening us about the 8 bazaars of Faisalabad. I live in the city in the late 80s, Govt. College Faisalabad (now GC University) is my alma mater, and I still have many fond memories of it.

    Just one question to the author, I do not remember Anarkali Bazaar to be one of the “main bazaars” in the ghanta ghar, I do remember it to be a small gali inside of one of the main bazaars known for having more female oriented stores, and I do remember Montgomery Bazaar (pronounced Mintgumri by the locals!) to be one of the main ones, please correct me if I am wrong.

    Also inside the Gol bazaar lies the very famous “Sootar Mandi” (Yarn Market) of Faisalabad, and according to a local legend, those yarn dealers, sit in their 4ft x 4ft office space all day and at the end of the day leave with sacks full of cash!. I don’t know about the sacks full of cash but I do know those yarn dealers are the most wealthy bunch in Faisalabad after the industrialists. They are lovingly referred to as “sootri’ye” by the locals.

  7. Muhammd Kashif says:
    April 16th, 2008 1:16 am

    I fully agree with Mr Allah Wasaya.
    It’s the Montgomery Bazar which is one of the eight bazars of clock tower. I request Mr Awais Mughal to please amend it.

    I wish to add about “sutris” of Montgomery bazar that these yarn dealers are the main source of our export and are earing millions of dollars of foreign excange for the beloved country.

    Muhammad Kashif

  8. Owais Mughal says:
    April 16th, 2008 8:06 am

    correction is made on Anarkali bazaar and Mintgumry bazaar.

  9. April 16th, 2008 1:13 pm

    this reminds me of a map in SIM city titled as clock tower town or something like that. this kind of map for any city is certainly aesthetically sophisticated but obviously the city planner need to join their heads to make the landscaping in such a way that it look aesthetically elegant. I know my town in SIM city was quite beautiful having almost the similar map but definitely much greener

  10. Naeem Sarfraz says:
    April 17th, 2008 8:38 am

    You know I think I know that same ice cream shop. But the last time I visited it was many years ago.

    I’m a British Pakistani and my parents are from close by Faisalabad. You’ve brought back some treasured memories with this article and I thank you for it.

    As a youngster, two things I remember were going from shop to shop, in these bazars, to get my Mum’s clothes and a dinner set. Ohh my, the number of dinner sets we have bought from there!

  11. shahran says:
    April 18th, 2008 7:36 am

    Owais,

    An interesting post.I have been to faisalabad a number of times and we used to pass through the chowk.

    I can authenticate the claim that this planning was done by Sir Ganga ram as I was reading an article about him somewhere and it was mentioned that he was the overall master planner of faisalabad. Faisalabad was built when Sir Ganga ram along with their British counterparts developed this irrigation system and the big canals were built in the Doaba region. He even went to UK for studies and even impressed the Brits there.

    His legacy is still there such as Ganga. Ram hospital,Diyal Singh College.

  12. April 23rd, 2008 4:20 am

    As a graduate from Jamia Zariya Daisia (University of Agriculture, Faisalabad) my ties with ghanta ghar and eight bazaars are very strong. I am not a Punjabi, but Faisalabad is my second home. Students of the University have a love-relationship with the eight bazaars. You have to walk a couple of miles to get there. And the purpose of this walk is usually a “penalty” that you have to fulfill in the form of Ice cream or Parathay for the gang of friends who found you guilty of some daft crime. A couple of cinemas are in close vicintiy, if you wish to watch the latest film. I usually went along in the summers for the airconditioning.

    I have live in a house in Aminpur bazaar for a few weeks. The sounds and smells are still fresh. The faisalabadi accent and the cutting sense of humour in the form of “Jugats” were a lovely combination. The smell of frying “ghewar” in the street and endless pharmacy shops of gol bazaar. Ghewar is apparently made only in faisalabad. Full of calories and bad fat, its delicious! . I remember going to one Wahabi mosque in Aminpur bazaar with a friend. On the top floor, they had a langar open and these guys were volunteers. During the course of the evening, I had heard the funniest exchange of Jugats in my life. The group of friends, which included long bearded Allama types as well as clean-cut graduates, had let loose a torrent of insults upon each other. It was the first time I had heard punjabis in their element, doing what they loved to do. And it changed my perception of the region forever. I could not suppress my laughter, but trust me I had never tried harder. I must say, none of jokes that day had any abnoxious content and I was amazed at the utter innocence and pointlessness of the whole exercise. But I loved it.

    Katchehry Bazaar is home to the famous “Jahangir Murgh pulao”. Late Nusrat Fateh Ali khan used to come here all the way from his village to enjoy the rice during his younger days. I thought the quality was mediocre. But being a Kashmiri, I believe that Punjabis can not cook rice. There is a series of ice-cream parlours in the main chowk, under the ghanta ghar. I remember going to Butt’s ice-cream shop. The proprieter was a huge figure, who sat on his platform, surrounded by tubs of various flavours of ice-creams and platters of kheer. I never saw him move, or walk during the countless trips we made to his shop. Although one of my friends swears that he saw Butt sahib get up and walk away once. Rest of us do not believe him.

    During winters, Faislabad is usually covered in a blanket of fog. It is bitterly cold. At the corner of Kutchehry Bazaar in from early evening Paratha stalls appear. Their massive Tawwas and wide range of stuffed parathas are a welcome sight for the hungry students. Good thing is, they are open until dawn. Many a nights, we had walked to ghanta ghar, wrapped in our chaddars (some even came in blankets) to enjoy the hot, crispy and huge parathay, dripping with ghee and served with pickle or chickpea curry.

    Unfortunately, ghanta ghar is devoid of any famous tea stalls. There was this seedy, one star hotel tea room which served separate tea, which was not as nice as the golden, syrupy tea available elsewhere. There is plenty to remember about ghanta ghar, but I think my experiences are only relevent to those who went to the UAF. Residents of Layallpur will have a different perception of their city.

  13. Owais Mughal says:
    April 23rd, 2008 10:37 am

    Dear Lutful Islam. Great recap. I enjoyed reading your anecdotes of Ghanta ghar and adjoining bazaars. Yes, I believe the ice cream shop I mentioned in my post is the ‘But’s Ice Cream’ shop.

  14. Idrees says:
    April 30th, 2008 10:51 pm

    Vry well planned city with an accomodatory outlook,Faisalabad is the third largest city of Pakistan within its age of about 100 years.
    Its amazing to know that it has surpassed big cities of Multan,Hyderabad,Rawalpindi,n many others.
    But even then it really needs a timely planning for traffic n pollution control.But keep in mind that its population can not be controlled.

  15. Zecchetti says:
    May 6th, 2008 9:00 am

    Well here we have another example of chronic levels of inferiority complex amongst Pakistanis. Going as far as building a town in the shape of the British union jack! Our collonial masters of the past would surely love this if they were alive today.

    As for today, I’m pretty sure this would bring a smile to the face of BNP leader Nick Griffin, while he simultaneously rallies up support in Britain to expel all immigrants including Pakistanis.

    MashaAllah

  16. Faisal says:
    May 6th, 2008 11:11 pm

    Good article overall, I enjoyed reading it.
    I have recently visited The Bazaars, and I must say that though they were a marvel at one time, it’s a shame that we have not been able to maintain this area where my uncle rents a 15 x 20 feet shop for about 1000 USD. So much money is generated in this area and yet the sidewalks are so small that you have to walk on the road every now and then.
    Many new markets are starting to rise up in Faisalabad, and I think the Marvel of the past is just starting to loose what it once had.

  17. FAISAL MEHMOOD says:
    May 7th, 2008 2:44 pm

    I LOVE MY CITY FAISALABAD.IT IS THE GREAT CITY OF ALL WORLD.ITS 8 BAZARS ARE VERY CHARMING.ITS A GREA ASITS FOR PAKISTAN

  18. Muhammad Saim says:
    May 28th, 2008 3:59 am

    “Sir Ganga Ram was assigned to draft its plan. After approval of draft Sir Ganga Ram was given five squares of lane as reward”.

    Well if Sir Ganga Ram really did planned the city then I think the Govt of Pakistan should have named the city after him like “Ganga Rampur”. Or the city could have been named after the famour freedon fighter of South Asia, Bhagat Singh who belonged to Faisalabad and was hanged by the british.

    I don’t understand the point of naming the city to honour Shah Faisal of Saudi Arabia ( I dont remember he doing anything for the city). It’s high time that our Govt should stop the unncessary appeasement of the Middle East and show that it does rewards non Muslims for their services too.

  19. adnan says:
    June 24th, 2008 1:28 am

    Faisdlabad is very beautiful and charming city .I LOVE FSD.

  20. ahsan says:
    June 24th, 2008 5:03 am

    I remember having ” bangali rasgulas” from one of the bazars. They were not there when I visited this year. Jahangir murgh palao is still there. The once beautiful clock tower has been “adorned” by a loudspeaker and a kalima in another effort to make everything (including trees and WAPDA streetlights and Khambas )”musalman”. This is another reflection of the intolerance prevailing in the ” great city” faisalabad where 23 students were recently expelled for their believes.

  21. Faz Hussain (London) says:
    October 13th, 2008 1:18 pm

    I was born in London, have visited Faisalabad and think its is an amazing city, i am greatful for your site and you have done a great service in telling us the history behind the city, really great, thank you.

  22. orangzaib says:
    December 6th, 2008 2:01 am

    hellooooooz im Orangzaib from samanabad FAISALABAD.
    i just wana say i have saw many cities & good places in Pakistan but i did’nt saw any city like FAISALABAD.
    Lahories says FAISALABAD IS THE BIGEST VILLEGE OF PAKISTAN.
    but i can proudly say that i belong from BIGEST VILLEGE of the Pakistan.
    I LOVE PAKISTAN

  23. February 22nd, 2009 9:36 am

    Hi im from the Manchester of Pakistan (Samanabad Faisalabad).
    If anyone wana information, pictures n videos about my city then He/She can contect me

  24. Orangzaib says:
    June 25th, 2009 1:51 am

    This is Orangzaib Bhutta from Faisalabad Pakistan.
    I just want to say to international community that we don’t need any AID from you but we want TRADE.
    We Pakistanies are facing a serious energy cricis then why America made an agreement with India?
    Pakistan is suffering terriorism due to the American polocies.
    NO AID JUST TARDE

  25. August 5th, 2009 2:42 pm

    Hi

    Ghanta Ghar Faisalabad is a center of Asian Manchester wherein the main economic activies are being done in various sectors. As per international reporting, this city the third most important city economically in Pakistan after Karachi and Lahore. But the interesting point to note is that the development ratio is slightly higher even than these big cities.

    According to a study released in 2007, that surveyed the 2005 GDP of the top cities in the world, calculated Faisalabads GDP (PPP) to be $10 billion. The city was third behind Karachi ($55 billion) and Lahore ($28 billion). Faisalabad’s GDP is projected to rise to $24 billion in 2020 at a growth rate of 6.0%, higher than the growth rates of 5.8% and 5.9% predicted for Karachi and Lahore.

    Ghantaghar is the centre of main economic activities at Faisalabad. It is known by its Eight Bazars.

    For more detail please visit: http://www.ghantaghar.net

  26. Owais Mughal says:
    March 11th, 2010 11:37 am

    A photo of Faisalabad clock tower from March 9, 2010. See here. A good photo, in my opinion, to appreciate the architectural details of this landmark.

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