Utilizing Solar Energy in Pakistan

Posted on February 17, 2009
Filed Under >Azfar A. Khan, Economy & Development, Environment, Science and Technology
Total Views: 161638


Air Cdre (R) Azfar A Khan

In these days of escalating oil prices, it’s becoming extremely difficult for a common citizen to pay off monthly electricity bills. The bills keep soaring day by day and there seems to be no respite in foreseeable future. These bills can be reduced by resorting to other methods of generating electricity, solar being one of them.

This article dwells on the discussion regarding production of electricity through solar means and discusses a cost-effective strategy to achieve this end.

The photo above shows Solar Panels being used for water extraction in village Rarkou in Nagarparkar, Sindh

The use of solar energy for the generation of electricity is not something new. Most of the countries are doing it successfully for decades and their population benefiting through the use of this free resource. But, to most of the people, it may still look like a mystery. These days, this energy is being utilized to light our homes, run fans, provide power to our fridges and microwave ovens, assist in warming our homes and swimming pools, provide power to our gardens and street lights, run our TVs and computers, and extract water from the sub-soil for irrigation purposes.

A practical example of the use of solar energy could be seen in some villages of Pakistan where each house has been provided with a solar panel that’s sufficient to run an electric fan and two energy saving bulbs. Prior to this arrangement, the whole village used to be plunged in pitch dark during night. One such example is the village with the name of Narian Khorian, some 50 kilometers away from Islamabad, where 100 solar panels have been installed by a local firm, free of cost, to promote the use of solar energy among the masses. Through these panels, the residents of 100 households are enjoying light and fan facilities. Had these panels not been installed, the people living in this area wouldn’t have even dreamt of getting this facility for decades as the provision of electricity from the national grid was a far cry due to the difficult terrain and high expenses involved.

A layman would normally be interested in knowing as to how electricity could be produced using energy from the sun. Simply put, it can be said that the basic item required to generate this electricity is a solar cell, approximately 2 inches x 1/2 inch in dimension. These cells may be available in other dimensions as well. Some 80 to 100 or even more such cells are pasted on a tampered glass sheet whose dimensions are generally 1.5 feet x 4 feet. The glass sheet with cells pasted on it and inter-connected, is called a solar panel. The light from the sun is used to generate electricity through these cells. It may be clarified that it’s the sun’s light and not its heat that produces electricity. The solar cells are called photovoltaics (PV); the word Photo meaning light and voltaics electricity. The life of a solar panel is approximately 20 to 25 years!

To give you an example of the use of solar energy, you must have noticed solar panels installed on poles along with the telephone booths on your left hand side while commuting on the Motorway. Each of these telephones is being powered by this panel. A battery is installed beneath each solar panel to store energy for keeping the telephone in operation during night when there’s no sun light. It’s a stand-alone system, entirely powered by solar energy. During emergency, the commuters make use of these telephones and call for help.

To give you another example, if you happen to drive from Rawalpindi (Faizabad) towards Murree on the newly constructed Murree Road, you would see on your right hand side blinking red hazard lights installed at the top of each WAPDA pole. Each of these lights is being powered by a stand-alone solar system i.e. a solar panel and a battery. Just imagine, how much expensive and full of hassle it would have been if solar panels weren’t used for this purpose and these lights were provided normal electric connections!

In the photo above, solar panels are visible towards left. These Solar panels are being used for providing electricity to extract water and drip irrigation system. Solar panels are provided by Thardeep Rural Development Programme (TRDP) where as Micro Drip has provided the drip irrigation in a Nagarparkar, Sindh village called Wandhan jo Wandio.

The region of Nevarra, Spain, is generating 70 per cent of its electricity through solar and wind energy. And, mind you, this region doesn’t have any coal, gas or oil of its own. It’s really a classic example of making the best use of renewable energy in any country of the world! But, the question that automatically crops up one’s mind is: “If it can be done in Spain, why can’t it be done in our country?” The answer is a big “Yes”.

I will substantiate my statement by presenting you a strategy which, if followed, could be instrumental in generating this electricity in the most cost-effective manner. The cost of the solar systems can be brought down if we go for the manufacture of solar panels in country. Solar panels basically utilize solar cells in their manufacture. . In one panel, approximately, 80 or more solar cells are used, depending upon the power required and the electric gadgets you want to run utilizing these panels. Each solar cell costs approximately Rs. 1000 if imported from abroad. These cells would be required in millions or may be in billions if requirement of the whole country is to be met.

We cannot import such a huge quantity of solar cells from other countries due to financial constraints. So, naturally, there would be no other option but to resort to manufacturing these cells in our own country. Once it has been decided in principle to manufacture solar cells in Pakistan, then we would look for three basic requirements i.e. raw material, trained manpower and necessary infrastructure.

The basic raw material (quartz) is available in abundance in the northern areas of our country. But, this raw material is useless for us as far as its purification and development to a stage where this raw material could be converted into solar cells is concerned. This equipment will have to be imported; but it would be a one-time investment. One would be surprised to know that this raw material is being utilized by the local population of Northern areas for raising the walls of their houses in place of bricks as the poor simpletons don’t know its value. Some of them take it for marble as well!

The other raw material required to manufacture solar cells is silica (sand) which’s in inexhaustible quantity in River Sindh as water these days is otherwise in less quantity in our rivers. At least we should make use of silica in the manufacture of solar cells. So, to venture into manufacturing of solar panels, both the raw materials are available.

The other requirement is that of manpower. I have no qualms in making a statement here that we have the finest and the most hard-working, skilled manpower available in country. From my personal experience, I could say with conviction that the retired personnel of the defence services who have been working on electronics and telecommunication equipment during their service careers would be the best choice for deployment on the manufacture of solar panels and cells. These people are highly skilled and disciplined and get retired at an early age. Shaheen Foundation, Islamabad maintains an up-to-date computerized record of such personnel who are just a telephone call away. The expertise of such workers is not less than any worker deployed in the western countries for such jobs. The only difference is that a European worker of such calibre gets US $ 45 per hour whereas a Pakistani worker, if he is paid $5 per hour (or even less) in his own country would be the happiest man around.

While starting manufacturing of solar cells, it would be advisable if we do it in collaboration with a world-renowned company as India has done. It had a joint venture for the manufacture of wind turbines with a company that has 26000 wind turbines to its credit! This company has a name in wind industry and its wind turbines are being used the world over! This way, we would lay our hands on the best and the latest technology in the field of solar energy and our manpower would also be trained through short orientation courses as they already possess sound knowledge and strong technical base. By adopting this strategy, the cost of the solar cells is bound to reduce drastically with the result that these “prohibitively costly” solar panels would come within the reach of every citizen and the day wouldn’t be far when we’d see these panels mounted on each and every roof in each city of the country including the rural areas. The energy crisis would thus be a history for our citizens.

Presently, there’s one and the only one factory manufacturing solar panels in Pakistan which’s located at Hattar Industrial Area near Taxila, 1-1/2 hours drive from Islamabad. But, due to various compulsions, it’s importing these costly cells from abroad at an exorbitant price.

In a solar system, apart from solar panels (which include solar cells), tampered glass sheets, batteries and inverters (to convert DC electricity into AC) are also used. We have innumerable factories producing good batteries in our country; so there’s no problem in their manufacture! Rather, we can go for maintenance-free batteries! Just augmentation of the manufacturing facilities of the existing factories is required.

Regarding tampered glass, we have many glass manufacturing factories in Pakistan. In this case as well, we’ll have to augment their existing facilities to produce tampered glass of required specifications. Again, I may mention here that it’s a tampered glass sheet on which solar cells are pasted; this glass sheet with solar cells pasted on it is called a solar panel. Tampered glass is after all glass and nothing else. Required machinery could be imported and installed in our existing glass manufacturing factories. There’s no need to set up separate, dedicated factories for each item. Let’s make best use of our existing facilities with a bit of augmentation. This approach would be highly cost-effective!

As far as converter is concerned, we’re already manufacturing thousands of them for our UPS’s which are installed in each and every house now, thanks to load shedding!

It’s generally perceived and is true also that the cost of using solar energy is prohibitively high. But then somebody should answer my question too: If the cost is really that high, then how Nevarra is coping up with this high cost? The authorities in Nevarra must have taken some tangible measures to bring the cost down, out of which, one could be the manufacture of solar panels including solar cells indigenously. If the use of solar energy was that costly, then Nevarra would have abandoned this initiative long ago. I would also like to ask such people: If the cost is that high then why the entire Europe is still making use of this form of energy while the sunshine is very scarce in the European countries. We have to adopt measures to bring this cost down so that an ordinary Pakistani could purchase this system. And to do that, all the points are in our favour.

Investing in a solar electric system has many benefits. It allows you to produce your own electricity with no noise, no air pollution, and no moving parts. Moreover, this system would never run out of fuel (sun light), and it will help reduce the amount of greenhouse gasses emitted by coal and natural gas-fired power plants. Due to these unique characteristics, solar electric technology has been called “the ultimate energy source for the 21st century”.

There are countries where people using solar energy have covered the entire roof tops of their houses with solar panels. They’re generating electricity which is meeting, if not full, at least a part of their electricity requirements. As the cost of electricity provided by utility companies rises, they would be compelled to resort to solar energy in a big way.

In some countries, solar systems have become so popular that senior citizens are investing their pension money in solar parks. The solar panels in these parks are connected to tracking devices that generate up to 40% more energy than fixed systems. One solar park is owned by as many as 700 to 800 individual investors, each of whom owns one or two large solar panels in that park. The income received from these panels adds to their pension amount and is guaranteed to be paid by the utility companies for 25 years. The cost of such panels is substantially reduced with a tax concession from the government. As the annual income is guaranteed, there is a long waiting list of willing investors.

Another use of solar energy could be in the form of solar cookers. A solar cooker is nothing but a concave mirror fixed on a metallic stand. The mirror converges sun’s rays at a focal point through reflection where a utensil is placed that gets heated. I have myself taken tea prepared on a solar cooker! Just imagine! Six thousand refugee families in Sudan are making use of these cookers successfully. Earlier, the women folk used to go out and bring thorny bushes as fuel for cooking purposes. With the arrival of the solar cookers, this practice has ceased and the forests are also saved. The people living in our hilly areas can emulate their example and use these cookers which might not be costing more than Rs. 1000 each! I may mention here that a solar cooker doesn’t utilize solar cells. It utilizes just the reflection of sun’s rays, and the sun’s rays are free!

To conclude, it can be said that solar energy is one of the most viable options for Pakistan. Even countries with less sun light are making the best use of this free resource (sun light). We, in Pakistan, aren’t short of sun light as sun shines on the entire length and breadth of the country throughout the year. We can make use of this inexhaustible resource and contribute towards meeting the shortfall of electricity. If we don’t do it now, then it would be just a matter of time when oil would be touching $ 200 a barrel and the World Bank would be pressing us hard to increase the electricity price by 100 %. Then, we would be left with no option but to grab every opportunity to generate electricity from any available source, what-so-ever! We should opt for the manufacture of solar panels including solar cells in-country. For this purpose, we should establish not one but several factories for the manufacture of solar panels and cells in Pakistan. We have unimaginable quantities of raw material at our disposal and our manpower is second to none. With the availability of abundant raw material at throw-away price and the cheapest yet highly skilled technical manpower, the profits that would be accrued is mind boggling!, It’s said that if enough solar panels using indigenous solar cell are installed and energy efficiencies are ensured, the home owners can receive a zero power bill!

Author’s Contact:

Author can be reached at: azfar44@hotmail.com

Photo Credits:

Photos for this post are courtesy of Saqib from his album Thar and Everywhere.

201 Comments on “Utilizing Solar Energy in Pakistan”

  1. Ahmad says:
    February 17th, 2009 10:16 pm

    Nice review. I think it is one area in which this country can be a net exporter of technology, if we play our cards right.

    Every year there is a seminar of the “best and brightest” of Pakistan, in which special emphasis is placed on eating … oh sorry, developing some thing which can revolutionize Pakistan. The idea was floated by someone inspired by Finland model whose mobile industry has put that country on the techno-geographical map.

    Hope someone will adopt the proposal in this article.

  2. February 18th, 2009 12:30 am

    I remember I saw solar panels in use at some point between Phunder and Teru. Even in Lahore, some company was advertising solar panels for domestic use. How I wish we could use this source of energy for day-to-day needs especially when we have a lot of sunny days. But I always fear sarkari white elephants would never let such cheap alternate energy sources reach the common man so easily :(

  3. outofband says:
    February 18th, 2009 1:21 am

    In my opinion there should be some law binding major energy producers to produce a percentage of their production via alternate energy sources. Also the major industrial consumers of electricity should be bound by law to use a percentage of their demand via solar or wind energy, instead of using heavy duty diesel-run generators.
    The government can also encourage investment in production of electricity via alternate sources by paying higher per-unit price for the electricity produced by alternate energy sources.

  4. Asad says:
    February 18th, 2009 1:34 am

    This article presents too rosy a picture regarding solar energy.

    Firstly, you suggest that solar cells should be manufactured locally. Considering the finance requirements, lack of interest of banks in giving loans without a substantial collateral, and the political situation, setting up a local manufacturing facility is not really feasible. And let’s face it; all businesses are there to profit. You are suggesting that this nation produce solar cells when we haven’t even been able to set up basic facilities to design and manufacture resistors or even basic ICs. Solar cell manufacturing isn’t wand waving. You need a supporting industry which is just not there.

    Also, considering the tax structure in Pakistan, it is almost always cheaper to import the finished product and selling it rather than importing the mere raw materials and making the product yourself and then selling it. The government seems to have no interest in developing the local industry considering its policies and tax structuring.

    I am not saying that local companies aren’t making innovative products. To the contrary, there is a lot of work going on but it still doesn’t involves manufacturing of solar cells/panels. Rather, it is centered around using solar panels to achieve a particular end. An example of an innovative product which is relatively unique worldwide and being manufactured by a Pakistani company Elektro Control Industries is the solar aviation lamp used at airports. Read more about it at the link below since I don’t want to digress from the main topic:


    I know of only one entity “assembling” panels imported from abroad but it is government funded and as all things government go, their panels are of low quality and more expensive than importing higher quality panels from abroad. Note the emphasis on “assembling” because no complete manufacturing is occurring here. It’s just like the automobile industry in Pakistan most of which imports kits in knocked down form from abroad and merely assembles them here. No wonder Honda Atlas ( http://www.honda.com.pk/ ) and Indus Motors ( http://www.toyota-indus.com/ ) haven’t introduced hybrids or gas based cars because they aren’t familiar with the concept of innovation.

    I have to admit it made me smile when you mentioned hiring of retired defense personnel.

    I would suggest you to factor in the cost of taxes and duties too. It has been my observation that employees in government institutions and defense forces pretty much have a blind spot with regards to this which isn’t true for private entrepreneurs and businesses.

    Even aside from that a 10% “commissioning fee” will also be demanded by our illustrious President, aside from those “charged” by other government departments if a large scale manufacturing facility is launched. :D (and yes, that was mere humor though it does makes one think…)

    By stating “good batteries”, do you mean wet or SLA batteries? I ask, because SLA are far better than wet ones and they are being imported by various distributors. To my knowledge, facilities for manufacturing of good quality SLA batteries is not being done inside Pakistan. Do share if you have knowledge to the contrary.

    About the cost, I am of the opinion that the real barrier is the psychology of the Pakistani market. When people here pay, they want immediate return while the investment in solar power has returns distributed over 10-20 years, depending on usage.In the longer run, it is cheaper but the consumer only sees the upfront cost of it which is considerable. Perhaps a way to bring down the cost would be to split the cost 50-50 between an individual and Wapda. In return, unused power generated by the solar panels can be fed back into the grid. Of course, this is contingent upon millions of people using this scheme to make it viable for Wapda.

  5. Grants says:
    February 18th, 2009 1:35 am

    Another use of solar energy could be in the form of solar cookers. A solar cooker is nothing but a concave mirror fixed on a metallic stand. The mirror converges sun

  6. Zuhair says:
    February 18th, 2009 2:17 am

    a very nice intro to solar power…but sir it would be more benefecial if you could give some addresses in pakistan which will help a novice user like me to installing such a system in my house.e.g from where i can get these panels in pakistan, and some plans which guide a diy solar syatem installer like me.

  7. Aqil says:
    February 18th, 2009 3:06 am

    Good article. I also have some questions.

    What’s stopping our business community from grabbing this opportunity? Is it some bureaucratic hurdles created by the govt, a lack of initiative on part of our business community, or a combination of both?

    If someone wants to set up a manufacturing plant in Pakistan, what are the steps one has to go through in order to get permission from the govt to get started? Are these procedures business friendly or not? I think someone should write an article on this subject.

  8. Anwar says:
    February 18th, 2009 4:38 am

    Very interesting and informative. My engineering professor (I. H. Shah) was well known in solar energy area and he had worked on several projects funded by NSF to promote solar and biomass energy in Pakistan. In the year 1973 he helped arrange an International Solar Energy seminar in Peshawar University. One of the most popular product of his lab was the solar cooker for cooking in rural areas. He also proved the utility of solar stills for water desalination, absorbers for heating water and biomass gas made from cow dung for running power generators to produce electricity. There was potential but never exploited as the means of transportation and communication were not enough to promote them..
    Nevertheless, better late than never. It is good to know progress in this area.
    Solar cells are still very expensive however recent developments in Australia make it possible to manufacture very cheap solar cells with impure silicon but with good efficiency.

  9. Kashif Maqsood says:
    February 18th, 2009 5:30 am

    The math is not as simple as the article indicates. While I love the spirit and almost classic simplicity.

    The tecchnology is by no means trivial. The infrastructure requirements for generating solar grade cells is in the order of $30-50M dollars and in case you have not been keeping track there is a glut of silicon supply com,ing on line thanks to China.

    The value is leveraging relatively smart labor and manufacturing panels from purchased cells.

    Putting them together is not simple either. Involves soldering, matching and lamination.

    And finally there is installation which has its share of challenges around personnel/device safety and inversion ( I understand that we do conversion, but efficient conversion is a whole new ball game).

    It’s a technology, and like all technologies it requires the transfer of the skill set. Otherwise you are looking at the wrong end of a failed business venture.

    BTW Spain is heavily subsidized by the state with feed-in-tarriffs which recently collapsed leading to a somewhat disastrous future in Spain for photovoltaics.

    IMHO, the technology that works better in our country is thin-film silicon based since the temperature coefficient of these devices.

    Being in the business, I have learnt a few things. For ref. checkout solarbuzz.com an informative site that can quickly bring you up to speed.

    Happy to explore this further…..

  10. February 18th, 2009 6:14 am

    This article really answered many questions in my mind. IPPs will be the biggest hurdle in case of changing our energy production to solar technology. This is why there isnt anything done yet despite an Govt’s alternative energy institution.

  11. Anonymous says:
    February 18th, 2009 8:30 am

    The govt. needs to invite the Chinese or some other international firm to produce vast quantities of solar panels at low cost so that these panels are easily affordable for the common man. A few days ago, I saw a company advertising solar panels on a mini-truck. The panels produced enough electricity to power 10 energy savers, but cost Rs.200,000 =_=

    A wind turbine advertisement on DAWN newspaper a year or so ago seemed to be more promising, but then you can’t install one in apartments inside buildings.

  12. z says:
    February 18th, 2009 9:59 am

    I heard about pakistani living in Norway wanted to start manufactring solarpanels in pakistan. But he was stoped by Zardaris people under Benazirs government. Zardari wnted some percent of income. He hired a lawyer to help him but he got advised that he should leave country and never come back. He got threaten and he left Pakistan for ever.

  13. Watan Aziz says:
    February 18th, 2009 10:23 am

    @Kashif Maqsood


    The solar / wind energy is useless without pairing it with LCD.

    Can you share your thoughts on LCD? And the possibilities of implementation in PK?

  14. Air Cdre (R) Azfar A Khan says:
    February 18th, 2009 12:20 pm


    1. Biogas is another proven source of energy but we aren

  15. Saqib says:
    February 18th, 2009 12:59 pm

    Dear Cdre Azfar,
    Thank you for putting up this article. One clarification is that the solar panels in Thar are provided by Thardeep Rural Development Programme (TRDP). Micro Drip has provided the drip irrigation.


  16. Asad says:
    February 18th, 2009 4:00 pm

    What made me laugh was the (R) in your name and your suggestion to hire defense personnel. It was a bit ironic but the humor wasn’t intended to offend.

    All of his advanced equipment in PAC Kamra (as you say) and most of it imported from abroad too. Tell me; do engineers in Kamra use resistors, ICs and other basic electronic components which are made in Pakistan or do they too import the stuff from abroad?

    I did not say that we “should” purchase from abroad. I stated that it is “cheaper” to do it. The two words in quotations do not mean the same thing.

    Numerous cells = a solar panel. How are people in Hattar “manufacturing the panels” when they are importing the very cells it is made of. Don’t you think a better term for this process is ‘assembling’ rather than ‘manufacturing’?

  17. Owais Mughal says:
    February 18th, 2009 4:16 pm

    Saqib, I’ve appended the photo caption with the TRDP information you provided. thanks

  18. Ahmad says:
    February 18th, 2009 4:28 pm

    Pakistani government need leaders who can envision such projects and help get them off ground. All the thugs in the government won’t let an honest venture capitalist invest in anything useful. They need commissions, they need to be bribed, they want to create hurdles. And I bet they would ask those panels to be given freely to their family and friends…. This is Pakistan for you…

    These things make me wonder sometimes, why even bother with Pakistan. Government is corrupt, system runs on bribery.

    But I am hoping against hope that someone would start taking steps in the right direction.

  19. Riaz Haq says:
    February 18th, 2009 8:33 pm

    As is painfully evident in summers, Pakistan is an exceptionally sunny country. If 0.25% of Balochistan was covered with solar panels with an efficiency of 20%, enough electricity would be generated to cover all of Pakistani demand.

    But Pakistan is also specially endowed with significant wind resources to generate cheap wind energy. In addition to high wind speeds near major centers as well as the Gharo and Keti Bandar corridor, Pakistan is also very fortunate to have many rivers and lakes. Wind turbines that are situated in or near water enjoy an uninterrupted flow of wind, which virtually guarantees that power will be available all the time. Within towns and cities, wind speeds can often change quickly due to the presence of buildings and other structures, which can damage wind turbines. In addition, many people do not wish for turbines to be sited near cities because of noise, though these problems are often exaggerated. Wind turbines make less noise than an office and people comfortably carry on conversations while standing near them.

    To read more, please visit: http://www.riazhaq.com/2008/09/tackling-pakistans-electricity-crisis.html

  20. Syed Fareed Ali says:
    February 19th, 2009 1:22 am

    I think it is an extremely good suggestion. I recently returned from Australia where the government subsidizes the installation of solar panels in homes for electricity generation through solar energy. A lot of homes in Australia are now switching to this mode as it is environmentally friendly and also involves only one time cost. Maybe the government of Pakistan can also come up with a similar initiative

  21. Air Cdre ( R ) Azfar A Khan says:
    February 19th, 2009 5:26 am

    I still couldn

  22. Air Cdre ( R ) Azfar A Khan says:
    February 19th, 2009 5:31 am


    I still couldn

  23. MQ Shah says:
    February 19th, 2009 3:39 pm

    Dear Mr. Khan, being a Sargodhain myself, I totally agree with your comment regarding the talent that goes into the Defense Forces and its utilization after retirement and/or career moves. I think Asad made that comment on a lighter note.

    I’ve a question for you, is this factory in Hattar run by Akhter Solar PLC? http://akhtersolar.com/index.html

    It used to be Akhter Computer in the 90s and I believe they entered the solar market a few years back. I wonder how their experience has been so far.

  24. Air Cdre (R) Azfar A Khan says:
    February 19th, 2009 11:59 pm

    Dear Mr. MQ Shah

    Yes! You

  25. Kashif Maqsood says:
    February 20th, 2009 5:04 am

    Mr. Khan,
    This is very pleasant news for me as an ex-pat.
    I agree with you that this type talent is very rare and would be waste to loose.

    Sorry to have sounded cynical. Not atypical as you can imagine.

    I am very interested in understanding Pakistan’s manufacturing prowess in the electronics industry. Heretoforth completely unknown to me. The tricky part is always getting an entire labor force organized and trained.

    I may be in touch in the next few.

  26. Abdulhai says:
    February 20th, 2009 2:03 pm

    University of Engineering and Technology Lahore Alumni Assocation in North America “www.uetalumni.net” organized a seminar on energy crisis in Pakistan in Washington DC. A number of researchers and policy makers presented their papers in this seminar. The one which may be relevant to the picture of the solar panels shown in this article was a professor from a university. He provided the details of a combined solar/wind power system project he helped build in his native country in Africa for tubewell.

    The solar panels moved with time along a circle to extract maximum heat from the sun. In addition, the wind power turbines were also a part of the system. The total cost was $4000, and it served the whole village.

    The sad part of the whole seminar was that the Pakistani Embassy personnel who had accepted our invitation did not show up, and did not even bother to inform us accordingly.

  27. Air Cdre Azfar A Khan (Retd) says:
    February 21st, 2009 12:14 am

    Kashif Maqsood

    Our manpower is really a good resource. It

  28. Jusathot says:
    February 21st, 2009 5:05 am

    Cdre Sb. Like Kashif Maqsood, I applaud your enthusiasm. Let

  29. Air Cdre ( R ) Azfar A Khan says:
    February 21st, 2009 7:01 am


    The only problem with us is that nobody thought of giving something to the country. Everybody has plundered it as much as he could.

    I agree with you that solar energy is a costly proposition but then it doesn’t have a recurrent cost as in using fossil fuel. India is planning to install 7 million solar powered pumps for irrigation purposes. It will save a huge amount of diesel which was being spent uptil now to run these pumps. But, again I say,there is dearth of foresight and vision as far as we are concerned.

    Let’s hope things change for a better tomorrow and we shouldn’ lose hope!

  30. Watan Aziz says:
    February 21st, 2009 7:50 am


    ~~disasters in the offing! Maybe Prof Adil who is more qualified on the subject-matter ~~

    Now, I did not write this!

    I love ATP even with it’s shock, shock, shock therapy. Hey we are Pakistanis, if we do not have an opinion and do not put passion in it, how else will you spot us?

  31. Watan Aziz says:
    February 21st, 2009 8:09 am

    @Air Cdre ( R ) Azfar A Khan

    ~~Everybody has plundered it as much as he could.~~

    Sir, we have a distinction to have women join the same ranks.

    And like everyone else, we all see your dedication, enthusiasm and passion for your cause and love of your land.

    But I am curious, if you published a statement like above when Sultan Musharraf wore uniform. Perhaps if you did and had more of your brethren joined your ranks, the billions (and I am told 10 of them) would have not gone wasted!

    And all I have seen over the years is that your brethren want more and more for your foundations. More perks, more subsidies.

    BTW, this ATP is courtesy of the simpleton civies. The does talent also exists in civies. Wardi walas are not aliens! Your each post points as if the civies have no talent or is not being wasted.

    That said, please do continue the good works you are doing and do not let my remarks side track you or your efforts. Bring more light to the people so they can read, have access to the Internet and see where the world has moved while being led to nowhere by secular robbers and ignorant mullahs. It is a joint effort on their part to keep the people stupid with their counter slogans. I sometimes lose track who is more ignorant and who is a bigger criminal?

    Sir, your work is more important for the good of the country than my remarks.

    I mean no ill.

  32. Air Cdre ( R ) Azfar A Khan says:
    February 21st, 2009 11:25 am

    Watan Aziz

    I never said that talent doesn

  33. Jusathot says:
    February 21st, 2009 2:26 pm

    @ Watan Aziz
    I do understand your exasperation. However your insinuation that by considering Prof Adil more qualified on the subject of ENVIRONMENTAL issues, I have somehow joined the ranks of chumchas. For your information, I have disagreed with Adil Sb. on more occasions and rarely find myself in concurrence

  34. Watan Aziz says:
    February 21st, 2009 9:45 pm

    @Air Cdre ( R ) Azfar A Khan

    ~~Moreover, please do not waste your energies and drag this discussion into a blame game type of thing as it would lead us nowhere.~~

    Pardon me, when you mentioned in a post that ~~Everybody has plundered it as much as he could.~~, were you praising them? I misunderstood. From my simpleton perspective, was that not a blame game? Or was it high praise? Was this not a drift away from your article? Please don

  35. Watan Aziz says:
    February 21st, 2009 10:16 pm


    ~~I do understand your exasperation.~~

    Actually, I am not. For the first time, I feel there is light at the end of the tunnel. There is new wind in the air and new energy. New solutions. And all the madaris have shown their tamashas and there is no more trick left in the bag.

    More importantly, there is no more money without increased accountability.

    ~~your insinuation~~

    Not at all. I was only playing a shrink (I guess a bad one too). I was assocaiating the word

  36. ARSHAD says:
    February 21st, 2009 10:44 pm

    By the way, a very good op-ed in The News yesterday on everything related to this. The headline was “Environment, Development and Dr. Adil Najam.” Yes, Dr. Najam is not only writing opeds, he is now the subject of op-eds and in the headline too. Seems like Dr. najam has been all over the news in Pakistan. Heard him on radio, saw him on TV, missed his many talks but read all about them in the newspaper. I think it is a great service to link these issues for policy makers and highlight what can be done about environment and development.

  37. ARSHAD says:
    February 21st, 2009 10:50 pm

    Here is the link to The News article:

    By the way, as I searched for this link, saw another op-ed (in Dawn) by Samad Khurram that also discusses this blog and Prof. Najam at length:

  38. Zahid Cheema says:
    February 22nd, 2009 9:19 am

    Just read the excellent op-ed on Dr. Adil Najam in The News.

    I am amazed how this man can do so many different things so well.

    You should do a post on the article in The News so others see it too.

  39. February 22nd, 2009 12:29 pm

    I think that such alternate energy resources must be encouraged particularly in the rural areas where the demand is not so high. Alternate energy resources that are clean and environment friendly can be used to the benefit of all.

  40. Air Cdre ( R ) Azfar A Khan says:
    February 22nd, 2009 11:59 pm

    Nasir Jamal

    I agree with you. We should start from our rural areas and especially those places where there

  41. February 23rd, 2009 1:47 am

    It is heartening to see so much interest in renewable energy and clean technologies. While in some ways this is no different than the trend being seen around the world, it is important that Pakistanis are starting to take notice as well. Environmental stabilization, rationalization, and remediation is not a luxury reserved for the rich countries – they have plenty of riches to create larger weather altering programs – but it is the poor who will suffer. I suggest readers to read the plight of small island nations who are literally counting the number of years to their extinction.

    Climate change is, ofcourse real, measurable, and its impact becoming quantified every day….Pakistan stands to suffer from water shortages, reduced crop productivity, adverse health effects, costs related to extreme weather events, and environment related political instability. As a wise man recently said to me: the political stability we so cherish today is only 3 meals away from totally breaking down. We all witnessed the load-shedding induced riots in Karachi last year!

    As for renewable power generation, India has made dramatic progress just in the past few years. They are a better model for us to look up to than Spain, US or Germany. Those countries are providing large investment tax credits and/or feed-in tariffs to promote several things at once – and are doing it now to gain a leadership position before getting left behind by others (a) energy security, (b) manufacturing jobs, (c) local R&D, (d) global competitiveness, (e) human development.

    There are a few pre-requisites that should be met before we can see large scale private investment in renewable energy in Pakistan. But that can be a post on its own….

  42. February 23rd, 2009 3:17 am

    Wind energy has been regarded as one of the most promising forms of renewable energy to be utilized for electric power generated for current and future needs. Historically wind energy has been harnessed for a vast number of human needs for approximately 5500 years. As a

  43. Engr. Khan says:
    February 23rd, 2009 12:09 pm

    There is another interesting article stressing the need to opt solar option for telecom sector of Pakistan..



  44. Asad says:
    February 25th, 2009 1:39 am

    Water pumps can be operated with solar power but these aren’t the normal pumps but instead of the submersible type. Here is a company dealing in solar water pumps:


    If I recall correctly, I noticed on one visit that they did install one such solar powered water pump at Narian Khorian village, when Shaukat Aziz visited that place. Dunno if it is still there or not.

    Watan Aziz: What is your “Shehenshah Zardari” doing these days? I know it for a fact that most of the initiatives taken for alternate energy have been in the time of “Sultan Musharraf”, as you refer to him.

  45. gh says:
    February 25th, 2009 10:44 pm

    Recently i attended a seminar arranged by Agilent Technologies, US, and their recent study is Solar Panels never pay back in their life span. And they are expensive for dynamic applications. Would you like to add that to your up-to-date research?

  46. Watan Aziz says:
    March 7th, 2009 2:56 pm
  47. King says:
    March 16th, 2009 11:17 am

    Pakistan has a lot of resources to fulfill the required need of energy what we don’t have the desire and dedication to do hard work …..

  48. Shahid Khan says:
    March 25th, 2009 3:19 am

    Dear Sir,
    I am a Telecom Engineer working in Hangzhou, China. I have worked out here on Solar Panels. The Cost of 100 Watt Solar with 70 AH is almost 40000 Rs, which will be enough for the operation of 2 Fans and 3 Energy Savors upto 10 Hours.
    Can you Guide me that this will be a Good Business in Pakistan. Moreover can i get some help from Govt?
    Looking forward for oyur kind and encouraging feedback. Regards

  49. Shahid Khan says:
    March 25th, 2009 3:27 am

    Interested People in Setting Up Solar Energy Business Can Contact us Directly also: “alkuzai76@hotmail.com”.

  50. Aziz Khan says:
    March 28th, 2009 2:31 am

    Dear People of Pakistan,

    Thank you for putting up and contributing to this site/article. I am a NRP (Non-Resident Pakistani) who (like all other away from Pakistan Pakistanis) spent alot of time looking for opportunities to contribute to home land.

    I am an Industrial Engineer with keen intrest in Solar and renewable energy. I am currently taking a class (Univeristy of California, Berkely – UCB) on “Investment grade Solar”. In other words, learning to make a business case for solar. Please view this article: http://investment-solar-ucbx-spring-2009.googlegroups.com/web/solar_site_eval_solarpromag.pdf?gda=1DiVeVEAAAB5mXG0DMMyxjpnwbEdHXl-X1GWLCylxP6IbvAs9We1Z4dX4vKgYNyL-rE64GwNT-Twb_no7izNC-0hGFXKR2bjUwk_6Qi3BU8HCN0q6OYwM5VxXgp_nHWJXhfr7YhqVgA&hl=en

    This will answer most of your questions and introduce you to business side of solar. Please feel free to drop me a line at akhan.solar@gmail.com


  51. Azfar A Khan says:
    April 9th, 2009 2:30 am

    Dear Mr. Aziz,

    From your impressive bio-data, one can make out that you have a rich experience of manufacturing and consultancy.

    Taking benefit of your knowledge, kindly let us know as to how much efficiency has been attained in solar cells till now?

    Also, how much (in US $) would it cost us to establish facilities for manufacturing solar cellls and panels in Pakistan. It should encompass everything like machinery, its shipment, installlation, training, maintenance, etc. Just a wild guess!



  52. Aziz Khan says:
    May 7th, 2009 11:42 am

    Dear Azfar (and others):

    Please visit my blog for above questions and realted information at: http://solarpoweredpakistan.blogspot.com/.

    Here is my response to your question.

    Solar Cell effiency in term of (both) cost, and their ability to covert sun light into usable power, has improved significantly. I have seen commercially avaialbe solar panels (by Sun Power) with cells of 20% efficiency, and in R&D labs effiency of 30%+ has been noted (it will not be available commerically for few years though).
    Making Solar Cells is very capital intensive (in Billions of dollars) and “leak” of technology can wipe out the company- thus i wouldnt’ recommend anyone going in that route. I recommend taking these cells and making panels (integrating into different size of panels) that has alot less bariers to entry and will add alot of value in Pakistan.

    Please see my blog for more.

  53. Aziz Khan says:
    May 8th, 2009 2:24 am


    We have talked much about PV Solar and I would love to entertain any questions that anyone may have.

    However, I would also like to bring “hybrid solution” where a system will have PV Solar and Diesel generator. Please read this article and give me your feedback.



  54. ali raza says:
    May 20th, 2009 8:45 am

    salam all Pakistani’s


    i need little guilde line ….

    i want to prepare a sollar system.
    can anyone guide me that how can i make it

    waitting ur reply…

  55. hassan says:
    May 22nd, 2009 10:34 am

    si pls tell me about solar panels construction i will be thankful to u.
    sir im from pakistan and want to start solar bussines but i dont haae idea and dont know how a solar panel works and its construction.
    even i dont know whats a solar panel pls guide me how a solar panel constructrct.may allah bless u

  56. June 2nd, 2009 2:39 am


    Very inspiring to see agricultural projects being implemented with Solar. I will take a note of this article to research the solar systems used in agri industry. In California there are plenty of vast fields of complex irrigation that were outfitted with solar. It is costly – but projected with subsidies and rebates the upfront costs are slashed by 40%. More improtantly it is the energy independence that really pays off if the system survives over 10-20 years.


  57. rashid bashir says:
    June 16th, 2009 3:18 am

    pl give me address and contact no. where we can purchase , solar penal. thanks

  58. M Irfan says:
    June 30th, 2009 12:26 pm

    pl give me address and contact no. where we can purchase , solar penal in Pakistan. thanks

  59. Atif Shazad says:
    July 1st, 2009 2:31 am

    Such a knowledgeful article it was and in the scenario where everyone has been beaten by the electricity crises, should be considred at top priority.

  60. Najam says:
    July 9th, 2009 8:21 am

    pl give me address and contact no. where we can purchase , solar penal. thanks

  61. Nadeem Qureshi says:
    July 11th, 2009 12:46 am

    Please let me know where we can purchase a Solar unit for domestic use.

    Can we get a solar cooker in Pakistan? and from where.


  62. July 14th, 2009 4:23 am

    Offer Solar Cooker

    Our products have many advantagethan other Solar Cookers:
    1. It is cheap, our factory produce Solar Cooker in a very large amount for China government and overseas clients, so the cost is low, so the price is low, just FOB Qingdao, China USD45/ set;
    2. Good quality, it can be used for more than ten years;
    3. Fine design, our technician’s fine design not only make it have beautiful appearace, but also make is easy in transporting (just 0.069CBM per set in carton);
    4. Use our Solar Cooker to cook or boil water is clean, quick, easy and convenient. Boil 4kg water within 20 minutes.

    Attachment you will find the specification and photos of our Solar Cooker.

    Our products is mainly to sell to Afirca, for that region have many tons of sunshine. Sincerely hope to cooperate with you, if you have any needs or questions, please do not hesitate to let us know, looking forward to your reply.

    Steven Wang


    Bigstone Energy Science & Technology Co., Ltd.
    Add: No: 29, Haier Road, Qingdao, China
    Tel: +86-532-85962037
    Fax: +86-532-66712467
    Mobile: +86-13853237039
    Email 1: cnbigstone@gmail.com
    Email 2: info@cnbigstone.com
    Skype: steven11018
    MSN: stevenwang96@hotmail.com

  63. najeeb says:
    July 25th, 2009 12:52 pm

    i want to get some information about solar energy powered things which could be useful for rural life.i also want to prepare solar heater or something like that. pls wold you send me programe.

  64. August 6th, 2009 4:34 am

    Solar power is amazing alternative source of energy which is yet to be taken over to its potential. for now it is not very cost effective and have high intial costs. We just need to pass on the awareness and importance for adopting technologies such as Solar energy for the benefit of out mother earth

  65. abdul majeed khan says:
    August 7th, 2009 1:12 pm

    chek your web site.i am happy to get information about soler energy.plz give me contact no and address.i want to contact for parchasing this system.thank

  66. August 9th, 2009 12:31 pm

    Dear sir: Your article is good about solar enargy. But in your article you has not mantioned the power of a single solar cell. I mean that how much electicity can produce a single solar cell a hour. i.e Solar cell energy/Watts/ hour= ???. As well as how much energy will be lost when DC voltage converted to AC through a good quality Inverter.

    Thanks I will wait for you reply.

  67. Hamayoun says:
    August 11th, 2009 8:21 am

    I will like to know how can common peiple can benefit from the solar energy e. g Where to find the solar panels and the necessary equipments for domestic or agricultural use. I need help in this regard.
    Is it expensive.

    Looking forward for your reply.

  68. AmirZaman/M.Irfan says:
    August 17th, 2009 3:17 am

    I chek your web site.i am happy to get information about soler energy.plz give me contact no and address.i want to contact for parchasing this system.Your article is good about solar enargy. But in your article you has not mantioned the power of a single solar cell. I mean that how much electicity can produce a single solar cell a hour. i.e Solar cell energy/Watts/ hour=

  69. August 19th, 2009 1:41 pm

    Thank u for the information of solar energy.I am a retired banker interested to invest in the manufacturing of solar cells. having good knowledge in this field could u inform me which countries are abundently using solar energy and can come forward to help us manufacturing the solar cells in a joint venture.Awaiting ur reply.

  70. August 21st, 2009 3:42 am

    I am happy to get information about soler energy.plz give me contact #.I want to contact for parchasing this system.Your article is good about solar enargy. But in your article you has not mantioned the power of a single solar cell. I mean that how much electicity can produce a single solar cell a hour.

  71. August 30th, 2009 5:03 am

    Dear all,

    Thanks a lot for your encouraging comments! I’m really grateful. Due to my pre-occupation with other commitments, I haven’t been able to reply earlier. Sorry for that!

    I have placed below (at the end) the addresses of solar equipment suppliers in Pakistan that I happened to get thru internet. You may approach them for purchsing the solar system that meets your requirements. Just give your requirements to the supplier, he will suggest a suitable system for you along with cost. The list can also be obtained by pasting on Google: “List of solar energy companies in Pakistan.” May be you also get some more suppliers if you browse the net. I would appreciate if you contact these suppliers direct for your enquiries, etc.

    These suppliers have solar panels which can power your energy savers, fans, TV sets, fridges and even ACs. Gennerally, people use them for light and at the most for fans as it would be extremely costly to run a TV, fridge or a one ton AC on solar power as it would entail a large number of panels and huge battery banks, meaning a colossal amount of money.

    There are companies which have installed solar panels which have made them independent of WAPDA or KESC during load-shedding periods. The entire companies are being run on solar power; of course for light and fans.

    At least in winters, you only need light and no fans. With some investment, you can provide light for your companies, firms, offices, schools, universities, homes, shops, etc through solar panels.

    Some people are not clear about the difference between a solar cell and a solar panel. For their information, you can purchase a solar panel from the market that has a number of solar cells, say 30, 50, 80, etc., pasted on it .The dimensions of a solar cell is say 1 inch x 2 inches but a solar panel is 2 ft x 5 ft, generally.
    The life of a solar panel is 20 to 25 years.

    As solar energy provides DC power supply, we have to convert it to AC to run our electrical appliances. The AC is available in our households. But, to get AC from solar energy, we need to install an inverter with the solar system. Inverters made in China are quite OK and cheap as well. By installing an inverter, you get 30 % less power which is eaten up by the inverter. But, you can use DC bulbs and DC fans as well to avoid this power loss. You have to get a separate wiring for this purpose. These DC bulbs and fans are also available in the market.

    Remember! You have to provide some maintenance as well to your solar system which comprises cleaning the panel with a soft cloth once a week and checking battery water once a month. If the water level is less, you may replenish it to the required line which is indicated on all the batteries.

    Whenever you purchase a solar system, ask the supplier to get it installed as well through his own staff. The system must provide power which it is supposed to provide. Ask the supplier to show you whether the system was really providing this power! If not, ask him to do so and satisfy you. Whenever you purchse a solar system, you will have to purchase a battery or a set of batteries as well as advised by the supplier depending upon what all you want to run on this system. You may ask the supplier to provide battery(ies) or you may get it directly from a battery dealer of required ampere hours. It would be better to have a package deal with the supplier that includes a solar panel or set of panels, battery(ies), inverter, and other small items required for installation along with an iron stand to fix the solar panel securely.

    If the supplier gets the system installed for you then it would be his responsibility to offer the system in perfect running condition, fully checked, tested and ready in all respects. Tell the supplier that he shouldn’t ask you to provide anything. He must be in possession of all the required items necessary for installation.

    It would be better if you ensure that the panels are firmly fixed in concrete at your roof top so that the same should not be damaged by a storm or hurricane.

    Though, solar energy is costly at present, still it gives you the cost you have invested over a period of time. So, if your funds permit, go for it! I hope I have answered all of your questions. Happy installation!

    Air Commodore Azfar A Khan (Retd),

    E-mail: azfar44@hotmail.com

  72. August 30th, 2009 5:20 am

    Dear all,

    Due to some problem, the list of the solar companies could not be published. I am trying to send it again.



    List of solar energy companies in Pakistan

    Mr. Shaaf Abdul Aziz Mehboob
    Adaptive Technologies (Pvt) Ltd.
    Suite #3, 4th floor Dean Arcade,

  73. August 30th, 2009 6:17 am

    Welcome and thank you for visiting http://www.nisaco.com.pk
    Nisaco Engineering services.
    INTRODUCTION Date: August /30/2009
    Dear Sir,
    We feel great pleasure to introduce ourselves as one of the oldest and most renewed name in the field of Mechanical Engineering. We are dealing with manufacturing and repairing of part and services we have qualified Engineers, mechanics and technically skilled workers having the vast experience at their credit and are taking in hand the following jobs.
    Before Grinding After grinding

    1 In-Situ Crankshafts Grinding: crankpin or Main journal without dismantling from the engine and roll grinding etc.
    2. In-situ Main Line boring: Without shifting on site Main Line Engine Block, Mill roll, Compressor, Casting All type of machining body etc.
    3 Grinding in house : crankshaft, Roller, Shaft, Turbine, up to 6 meter length 1.5 meter Diameter capacity.
    4 Metal Spray: Ceramic, stainless steel, Aluminum , low and high carbon steel, , Molybediem, Copper, etc.
    5 Heat treatment: specialized in aluminum parts, low and high carbon steel etc.
    6 Metal Stitching: Metal Lock Cold Method, engine block flam, cylinder Head All type Crack Parts Broken or weakened body etc.
    7 Hard chrome Plating: Hydraulic Ram shaft Turbine, piston Rod, Pump shaft, Piston Ring, Die etc.
    8 Fabrications: Industrial project erection installation and commissioning
    we have regularly been in the process of up dating the our selves accordingly to the development of the modern technology. You will find our services at rates and to your full satisfaction. We hope that you will fully observe our application for the registration of the firm and will accept it
    Your applicant with thankfulness
    Nadeem Nisar Ahmed
    Mailing Address : A-97,Eurm Garden, Block-13-D-3, Gulshan-e-Iqbal, Karachi, PAKISTAN Call:03002202197 http://www.nisaco.com.pk

  74. October 5th, 2009 6:30 am

    I would like to work in friendly & learning atmosphere with highly esteemed, venerated & experienced people in a very renowned company/organization (energy related fields, environmental protection agencies, power plants, EPA, WAPADA, Cement industries, oil & gas exploration, mines & minerals development, automobile companies etc) where I would be appointed as an engineer (Energy or Environmental or HSE(Safety)

  75. October 21st, 2009 11:10 pm

    Jiangsu TianBao PV Energy Co., Ltd. is a 50/50 Chinese-Dutch joint venture enterprise focusing on manufacturing, marketing, research and development of solar PV energy products. The Company was incorporated on 1st December 2005, located in Economic Development Zone, Yizheng City of Jiangsu Province, with 60,000 sq.m of space for the whole premises.As Tianbao-PV is research and Devlopment Company so we would be happy if you ask any question about improvement about solar energy or about our products.
    Our major products as follows,

    :-Solar Water Tubewell & Pumps
    :-Solar Home System
    :-Solar Home Water Heating System
    :-Solar light
    :-Solar mobile Chargers

    I would like to tell you our solar panels are TUV Germany ceritified and long time warranty.

    Your prompt reply will be highly appreciated.
    Best Regards

    Mohammad Sajid Kaleem
    Product Analysit
    Jiangsu Tianbao-pv Co ltd
    Mobile 0086-13914788808
    Skype ID photovoltaic1


    Solar Pool Heating System
    PV Cells
    Mono Crystalline Cells
    Multi Crystalline Cells
    Solar ConcentratorBatteries
    PV Modules
    PV Applications
    Courtyard & Garden Lights
    Courtyard & Lawn Lights
    Portable Power Station
    System Inetgation
    Solar VLS-PV

  76. Omar says:
    October 22nd, 2009 5:01 am

    In the case of powering your household electrical appliances to Solar, there are two concepts, On grid (where you get power directly from the solar panels via an inverter) and Off grid (where theres a back-up battery mechanism to store energy).

    In the on grid system, you’d have the solar systems designed for about 4 – 6 hours of working time and even in this time, you would require a backup in case there’s a cloud cover or there’s rain. It would cost somewhere around Rs 500 – 700 per watt to install (please calculate your required load and multiply; the figure would be ASTOUNDINGLY high!!). Of course you would be WAPDA dependent so the power is maintained.

    The off grid system provides batteries for backup but the catch is that these batteries need to be replaced every 2 – 3 years. That system would cost around Rs 800 – 1000 per watt WITH the additional battery replacement cost every 2 – 3 years. Calculate the initial investment and payback and you’d find out that this isn’t anything you’d spend your well earned money on.

    Also, though its true that PV panels have a life of 20 – 25 years, there is NO installer who’d give you more than 3 years warranty for the system. There’s also the issue of making sure the panels are cleaned frequently because dust layers accumulated over them can play a role in lowering the efficiency.

    My suggestion to all of you is to lower you Loads: energy savers and if you really want to go the distance, LED lights.

    A good option is the Solar Water Heater (Geyser) which has a payback of about 2 years but even that requires a lot of disciplined usage (you’d probably have to watch over every drop of water that is used!!) plus the water warms up to about 70 degrees C only which im sure is not everyone of us is accustomed to.

    I have spent a lot of time and effort on this project and this post reads like a mad man’s rant BUT if you want details and have questions, please feel free to email me; i’ll answer everyone! I just want to give an idea on how things sound so promising and good once you hear them but as you get into the details, you come to know the catches and imperfections.

    Please email me if you need more details.

  77. October 26th, 2009 1:21 am

    we are texilextiles processing vertical unit in pakistan haveing with dyeing, finshing , processing , Stitching . working from last 20 year .

    seeing the Energey Cost and Shortage , we are intersted in Solor Energey Sysytem , Please reply if its fesibale


    November 1st, 2009 10:00 am

    Asalam walikum

    Please provide the address.
    I can visit.


  79. Ibrar Khan says:
    November 4th, 2009 5:01 am

    Dear all,
    Having known all the benifits from this solar energy would somebody like to write his/her views why our government is not preading this idea to common people? Why no official is taking it seriously and is talking of government vast investment in this field? There are many foreigners (own countrymen) willing to bring the technology in our country so why they are not been encouraged to do so? There is almost no electricity in the country which is destroying the economy of the whole country but our nation is as in sleep as always and not dreaming of some wonderfull life by investsting a collective efforts in this extremely important subject? The whole nation must stand up with a mission of creating more than enough energy in the country to enjoy some prosperity during their life time instead of sitting and suffering. Someone should kick thier buts!
    Ibrar khan

  80. Farhan says:
    November 6th, 2009 4:52 pm

    Dear Friends,
    Few months ago I heard a person commenting that “Pakistan government has banned the usage of solar cells”. Most likely to protect profits of Power companies.
    Does any one know details about this, or was it just a rumor?

  81. November 24th, 2009 9:34 am

    It is good idea but all manufacturer around world develop solar panels from solar cell. If in Pakistan facility exist to manufacture a diode through p-n junction I can suggest how to design solar pannel and manufacture solar panel for commerical use. I think Pakistan need to develop silicon industry first and then next if it is not to late

  82. December 8th, 2009 9:23 am

    Solar Power for Houses
    A basic solar installation from a retailer can take 30 years to pay back and cost you well over $20,000?
    I just made my own solar panel. It was so simple and looks just like a bought panel.
    I managed to build 4 solar panels for under $200!
    Residential solar electric systems.

  83. Muhammad Aleem Ishtiaque says:
    January 7th, 2010 1:13 am

    AOA, Solar Energy for Household and Industry is necessity because other sources of energy are very costly. If solar energy technology comes in Pakistan, Pakistan overcome on problem of electricity and it is also very cheap.

  84. M.AKRAM KHAN NIAZI says:
    January 13th, 2010 1:02 am

    Environment Polluting Thar Coal Project Versus Environment Friendly Kalabagh Dam.

    It is very strange to note that present Government is advocating for Air Polluting Thar Coal Project Versus Environmental Friendly Kalabagh Dam.

    Kalabagh dam which will increase the water resources of the country is being opposed while Thar coal project,which will consume huge amount of water and will contaminate all water,air and land resources of Pakistan is being adovcated by the governement Clean electricity produced by Kalabagh dam will be available to every one citizen of the country while thar coal project will pollute all water,air and land resources of Pakistan for every one.Thar coal will effect each and every living organism while Kalabagh will not only store water for the time of need but with the generation of electricity will increase the resources of water by sucking up the underground water resources and will provide the clean electricity .
    Coal is one of the most polluting sources of energy available, jeopardizing our health and our environment. While Kalabagh Dams will have multiple advantages and will act as electricity power house,water reserevoir and floods preventor generate electricity,Store water,will improve fertility of lands.
    The Effects of Coal on the Environment.
    Coal as a source of energy is probably the most environmentally damaging of all the traditional sources of energy.
    • Coal Power in a Warming World by Barbara Freese et al, published by the Union of Concerned Scientists in October 2008 states that “The underground mining of coal is a dangerous profession, and underground and surface mining are both highly damaging to landscapes, water supplies, and ecosystems”.
    • The Natural Resources Defense Council paper entitled “Coal in a Changing Climate”, issued in February 2007 claims that “Coal mining—and particularly surface or strip mining—poses one of the most significant threats to terrestrial habitats in the United States.”
    • Figures from “Key World Energy Statistics: 2008″ show that coal is responsible for 42% of the world’s carbon dioxide emissions.
    • “Coal in a Changing Climate” shows that coal produces large amounts of airborne toxic chemicals, including sulfur dioxide, mercury, nitrous oxides, arsenic and lead.

    Coal is a highly polluting energy source. It emits much more carbon per unit of energy than oil, and natural gas. CO2 represents the major portion of greenhouse gases. It is, therefore, one of the leading contributors to climate change. From mine to sky, from extraction to combustion — coal pollutes every step of the way. The huge environmental and social costs associated with coal usage make it an expensive option for developing countries. From acid drainage from coal mines, polluting rivers and streams, to the release of mercury and other toxins when it is burned, as well as climate-destroying gases and fine particulates that wreak havoc on human health, COAL is unquestionably, a DIRTY BUSINESS.
    On one side China and India are planning to curb the Carbon emmision by curbing the use of oil,coal and other fossil fuels,and Bangladesh and Maldives are crying for taking measures against rise of seas due to global warming and on other side we Pakistanies are planning to use Thar coal which will not only pollute the whole environment of South Asia but will infact endanger the life of peoples living in Kashmir,Northern areas,NWFP,PUNJAB and Sind as the direction of smoke and dangerous gases will be from east to north west of Pakistan.And people of these areas will suffer from respioratory diseases such as Asthma,Bronchitis and cancer, and people of these areas will suffer from dangers and adverse effects of somking without somking the cigarrets.

    Already Polluted Atmosphere of South Asia.
    South Asia is already suffering from the adverse effects of Brown cloud(Accumulation of Dirty gases in upper atmosphere of Subcontinent and is having negative effects on the heath of population of India and Pakistan ,Moreover there is already shortage of Ozone gas in the upper atmosphere of South Asia,due to which people of South Asia (India, Pakistan,Bangladesh and Sri Lanka ) are not having perfect healthy bodies as compared other reaces of the world.In view of such a bad condition of atmosphere burning the coal is just like to throw the people Pakistan into valley of death
    There are a number of adverse environmental effects of coal mining and burning, specially
    The glaciers of the Himalayas, Karakoram, Hindukush and Pamir ranges in Gilgit-Baltistan contribute significantly to the stream flow of the IBRS. More significantly, during the dry season these glaciers become the system’s only source. Impacts due to climate change on these glaciers have been studied in recent decades and vivid fluctuation of water flow in the Indus River Basin System has been reported.
    Due to flow of toxic gases and smoke from Thar Coal towards North and Western Pakistan,It is the responsibility of Jammu and Kashmir,Northern Areas,NWFP,Punjab and Sind Governments to review the adverse effects of Thar coal as it is the matter of life and death of the people of these areas.As unhealthy environment due to smoke and toxic gases will destroy the beauty of Vallies of Kashmir and Gilgit and Baltistan and will cause health problems such as cancer,asthama,bronchitis and other respiratory and genetic diseases due to environmental pollution in the people of Punjab,NWFP,Kashmir,Gilgit and Batistan.

    Written By:M.AKRAM KHAN NIAZI.

  85. February 2nd, 2010 2:54 am

    Hi. I’m Haibat from pakistan, Karachi i need Solar Power Energy Please inform me to Solar Power at my Number 00923332338610. Thanks for inform

  86. Jamal Khan says:
    February 5th, 2010 3:05 am

    This is really good, the idea was always there but hardly implemented. Can you give me the coordinates of Narian Khorian as I cannot see it on google earth. I would like to visit the place.

    Which company setup the 100 solar panels? So I can contact them. Please help.

  87. February 8th, 2010 4:24 am

    Sure we should get use of solar & wind energy in Pakistan but unfortunatelly we do not have any policy and if we write some beautifull words in files and speak about in seminars, we do nothing practically.
    Pakistan has a very good potential for solar & wind energy but———————–???????
    We have started jointly manufacturing Spa Solar Water Heaters in China with the help of Melsoc UK & Canada and markeeting them in Central Asia. And we have come to know about a very very good responce from general people because they are educated and know the value of renewable energy. Let us educate our people.
    I am sure — We should develop a new solar culture immediatelly.

  88. February 8th, 2010 8:24 am

    my dears,
    Every one know our daily energy problims. we can never built a single dam on our rivers by which we can generate electricity. now every citizen of this country want to know why our govt. take serious notice to use other energy produceing facilities like soler. is there any subsidy availabe in this field. please tell this who know it in main interest of this public

  89. abbas says:
    February 11th, 2010 6:39 am

    i just want to know from azfar sahib that how much cost of solar energy equipments for small house

  90. shakeel says:
    February 16th, 2010 3:38 am

    Dear Sir !
    im student and wnt to know how can i use soler energy for my home and where can i get a soler panels or system to use it
    plz tell me im very thankful 2 u

  91. February 16th, 2010 4:33 pm

    Solar power is one of the answer for Pakistan in becoming self sufficient in electricity needs in some areas of the country,
    Inshallah we will be setting up a solar panel assembly plant in Lahore beginning of June 2010,
    In beginning we will assemble imported parts and will try our best to manufacture as much as possible in Pakistan Solar panels,inverters and other paraphernalia that goes with this industry,as and when vendors and suppliers are developed,
    This is what we can do for Pakistan any one wants to buy a system or be part of our team or make suggestions email me back I preparing a resource list.

  92. February 16th, 2010 4:54 pm

    I did write a comment earlier about setting up a solar panel assembling plant,our website is http://www.kmgroupcanada.com

  93. kamran qamar says:
    February 17th, 2010 10:06 am

    sir plz guid me how can i buy system and whats the price of that

  94. February 17th, 2010 1:13 pm

    Answer to Mr.Kamran Qamar,
    There are many sizes of systems,you need to know how many
    fans,energy savers,computers,fridges,if any air conditioners etc.You need to know what would be your consumption of power and a system can be recommended for your needs,

  95. Waseem Tahir says:
    February 18th, 2010 4:16 am

    Dear Sir,
    I want to know that can we manufacture solar panels at Pakistan. secondly wat r the cost of it if i have to run a home comprising of
    5 fans
    5 energy savers
    and one computer

    simply i want the detailed cost measurements

    thanks and regards

  96. aftab khan says:
    February 20th, 2010 5:26 am

    dear azfar i want to know y we can’t manufacture solar cell as raw material is available as we can enrich uranium y not solar cell.further i hope you will initiate for a factory of its assemly as nation need this n govt.would appreciate your efforts,
    best wishes

    engr. aftab

  97. imran says:
    February 20th, 2010 8:25 am

    i hav read the comp;ye article its really good if we cn manuftr solor systm in our own comtry as we have already the material availiable. contact me for any quairy to manafcture or need ,y help to start the business

  98. Atif Saeed says:
    March 3rd, 2010 10:26 am

    Its a good effort to convince people. The govt should be contacted and convinced to help people in financing the solar energy. The NGOs can also play their role in this regard.

  99. March 9th, 2010 10:58 am

    we provide Solar Panels of different capacity and watts

  100. nosheen says:
    March 19th, 2010 4:41 am

    sir your article is awesome m the student of MBA in bzu and m very much concerned about the electricity problem in pak its sounds great that atleast some 1 has taken the initiative i wish u alla the luck in this project may pak prosper tc

  101. omer says:
    March 21st, 2010 4:59 pm

    hello.its really very good.sir i am from chakwal.i have given my email adress here.i want to fix some solar panels in my home for electricity generatio.kindly email me about how to start this, i’ll b very thankful to you.

  102. Aamir says:
    March 22nd, 2010 2:07 pm

    Please tell the prices for solar pannel of one watt and if I want to solar my whole house means 12 fans and 50 led lights how much it worth thanks my email address is aamirnajeeb@ymail.com

  103. TAHIR says:
    March 22nd, 2010 11:10 pm

    I m collecting information regarding solar energy efficiency, your article proved to be really informating and thought provoking, it has made me realize the need of solar energy but i couldn’t make out or find the affordability and efficiecy in an average house in pakistan, where can we find these solar panels and their prices please do inform about these things . I shall be very thank ful to you.

  104. farhan khan says:
    March 23rd, 2010 7:20 am

    Ur report is great.i m an Electrical Engineer.And want to know tge design and doping process of Silicon with Boron and Phosphorus.Is there any Pakistani firm that is working on fabrication of Solar Cell?

  105. Asad says:
    March 23rd, 2010 8:18 am

    Dear Sir,
    I have used your article information in my blog hope you will give me permission for doing so.

  106. March 24th, 2010 1:05 pm

    Dear sir, you have provided a valuable information with respect to the present scenario of power shortage in Pakistan with facts. I am impressed by you and appreciate you.
    I am a Government servant living in a small city Pakpattan and much troubled by loadshedding especially my two babies are to much affected by it.
    I am planning to install a small solar energy system at my house. I want to know how much it will cost and from where i can get the appratus.
    Please help me in this.
    with best regards,
    Abdul Hameed Qamar

  107. Waqas Nawaz says:
    March 25th, 2010 12:57 pm

    Dear Sir,
    Please tell me how much cast of solar panel that produce
    12 Volt DC +-2volt.
    and that solar panel prepairing in just sun light or Day light?
    Plz tell i Live in Lahore City.

  108. Sajjad Haider says:
    March 26th, 2010 12:16 pm

    Dear Sir
    The firm should do some think for transportation.In my mind a system developed to run bicycle on battery and solar panels used for recharging instead of charging the battery supplied by wapda.
    The required power is 250 to 300 watt motor powered by a single 12 V battery to run bicycle,the motor moving wheel is directly pushed to touch the wheel to move,just as the generator of cycle works.The kit should be made available in the market so any one can buy and fix it.In many countries kits are available to convert cars to electric.

  109. March 26th, 2010 3:37 pm

    Solar Power for Houses
    A basic solar installation from a retailer can take 30 years to pay back and cost you well over $20,000?
    I just made my own solar panel. It was so simple and looks just like a bought panel.
    I managed to build 4 solar panels for under $200! This Is Not A Joke!

  110. Ibrahim shaikh says:
    March 31st, 2010 4:12 am

    sir u wright very well i appreciate u and i m very much impress from u. but sir it is pakistan and what would be the out put of our efforts if our higher authorities not sincere and not honest towards country but we r the people who this are best wisher of the country and also it is our responsibility to think for pakistan . u gave many good ideas about the power shortage problem in country and i bleave we have the world best resources god gave us every thing bright sunlight, fast moving air and every thing now it is dependent on us how to use them

  111. Salman Pirzada says:
    March 31st, 2010 12:48 pm

    well….can somebody please tell me how much just for a solar grid which can produce as much electricity for runing a split air conditioner…and how much space it would occupy….


  112. Solar says:
    April 2nd, 2010 12:45 am

    Here is a directory for solar system providers in Pakistan.


  113. dr.fahad says:
    April 6th, 2010 9:03 am

    i was always thinking of solar system but in pakistan its too expensive iwe should request to govt to reduce the prices so that we can fight thi energy crises.

  114. Faisal says:
    April 12th, 2010 4:51 pm

    I came across your article today and was impressed by your vision. I have actually been thinking of starting such a venture but always stop when I think of the local situation and the interference of the government in terms of corruption. I’d rather build such a factory in another country but agree that having it in Pakistan would be much more cheaper and useful given the energy crisis presently.
    Having said that, I haven’t the first clue as to where to start. Do u have any ideas in that regards? I hope there are some government subsidies out there or atleast some support to help people with the same ideas.
    I have read about wind power being the cheapest source of energy in the world. I believe that in the days prior to the present government, some 1.5 MW GE turbines were being bought for the Makran coast. The cost of these is enormous and I’ve wondered if our brilliant minds in colleges/universities would be able to come up with a design which is more cost effective for our country and we could mass produce them with funding.

  115. Zaheer says:
    April 12th, 2010 5:00 pm

    Hi Everyone

    I have been doing Solar power for a few years know. I am about to set up a company in Pakistan in July 2010.

    I can supply and install a basic 1000watt system for 5 Lakh.
    The system would be able to run 4 to 5 ceiling fans, 5 energy saver, tv for 3 to 4 hours, water pump. Please note it will not run everthing simultaneously.

    The basic system would consist of 10 * 100 Watt Mono Cystal solar panel. The battery bank would consist of 12* 2v AGM deep cycle batteries, giving you 1600 AMPS

    Solar charge controller 45AMp and a modifed inverter 1500watts. 1 year on site warranty. Any interested parties can Email me at Rajakhan21@hotmail.com. Thank you

  116. April 13th, 2010 1:47 pm

    Well it is expensive through out the world. Solar energy is not feasible as yet, but wind energy as renewable energy can be utilized to over come energy crisis.

  117. Nadeem says:
    April 14th, 2010 6:30 am

    its nice article and i wish that govt adopts some policy to have a fare share of renewable energy

    While reading, i noticed that you have provided an example of Nevarra, Spain
    But california USA is one of the states where its been used at a larger scal
    an example

  118. April 16th, 2010 6:24 am

    Dear sir/Madam

    This is Shaikh Abdullah from Backward area Lasbela Distt Balochistan,
    In this modern age we avoid from electricity. Due to Unavailability of electricity we face different troubles day by day like Malaria etc. Sir may I know the cost of solar energy as well as its power out put other procedure etc.

    Shaikh Abdullah

  119. April 18th, 2010 2:03 am

    That is a wonderful article. Most importantly, there is an enthusiastic tone to make people work rather hoping for a noble hour. Unfortunately, I believe solar panel is not purchasable by most of the people to gain some handsome amount of electricity, as our government is not too kind to provide any help (like subsidy) in this regard. For that matter, I believe that the following link would give you a more approachable concept to utilize the solar energy:


    Yes, molten salt act as electricity storage (indirectly)! We can make this prototype even at a smaller scale. The key concept is to concentrate the sunlight at a focal point, that is; the salt container, and gain ~600 deg celsius (melting point of salt). At an individual scale, we may use dish antenna covered by the aluminum foil and mirrors to meet the objective of heat concentration. The details and illustration for the rest of the structure can be found at the bottom of the above mentioned page.

    People should start thinking of the alternative, yet tangible, power supplies rather getting plagued by the news channels when they show us the Dams and clouds as if hydral is the only way of getting powered! Check this out -> peswiki.com and see for yourself that hydro is one out of many directories and in that directory, Dam is only 1 way of generating electricity. In each directory of peswiki, you can find multiple ways. Some of them are implementable even at home. Moreover, do check out the solar and magnetic motors directory on peswiki (http://peswiki.com/index.php/Directory:Solar and http://peswiki.com/index.php/Directory:Magnet_Motors) and find some interesting ways of producing electricity with sunlight esp. these two; Solar Tower and Molten Salt and in magnetic motor, skim through the project name OC’s MPMM (alternatively: checkout perendev on youtube!). And if you don’t have time to do all this; open Google or Youtube and type in free electricity and help yourself. Consider noticing that people who never encountered a single-minute-blackout in years, how keenly they are doing the experiments!

    More links: overunity.com, overunity.co.uk, steorn.com

    Dilemma: Electricity being a more-than-200-years old problem is solved by hundreds of ways till date and we are still being helpless and stunned by the blackouts <- is it due to the procrastination or are we really hypnotized !

    Jag Jao Pakistanio. Its time…

    ~ One love, one country.. no splits.

  120. Salman says:
    April 18th, 2010 6:09 am

    Solar energy is technically a very expensive UPS …

    we still need batteries to store the power … and the panels themselves are too expensive to justify the cost..

    I would say its good to have the option as the rich among us can have some mental security as to having their own power generation in their home.. but for a poor country like us.. its not a feasible system for public supply..

    we should rather be pressing for small turbine based dams.. and fuel based engines using coal.. those are really the only feasible long term public supply systems that could work for us..

  121. Muhammad Ali Chughtai says:
    April 18th, 2010 8:59 am

    Dear Sir,
    I want to install a unit of solar energy equipment for my home which is sufficient to run 1-ton Split AC, 2-Ceiling fans and 1 or 2-energy savers bulbs. I just want that what would be the cost of solar energy equipment to run the above-noted things.
    Waiting for your kind reply.

    yours sincerely,

    Muhammad Ali Chughtai.

  122. Colin says:
    April 21st, 2010 5:15 am

    Dear sirs,
    Greetings to you! We are Dajia Enterprise Co.Ltd. in Xiamen, China. Well noting you do solar panel business from the internet, could you advise if you still need them? We would like to take this opportunity to introduce our company and products, with the hope we can establish business relations with you by a start of some transaction.

    We are one of the biggest sellers specialized in the manufacture and export of hi—tech products industries, such as solar light, solar panel, solar lawn light, solar panel module and Led products. You may also visit our online company introduction at Http://www.howseek.com which includes our latest product line.

    Should any of these items be of interest to you, Please do not hesitate to contact to us and we shall be pleased to send you our quotations and samples books upon receipt of your specific enquiries. Join hands with Dajia, then Co-Win! At last could you let us know more about your business, and then we can help you better. We are waiting for you promptly reply. Thank you so much in advance !
    Email: colin@djjm.com
    MSN: colin2388@hotmail.com

  123. Hussam says:
    April 21st, 2010 5:28 am

    Price list of complete set of solar home electric system

  124. Anonymous says:
    April 29th, 2010 5:38 am
  125. maqbool a.soomro says:
    May 4th, 2010 2:29 am

    dear sir,

    kindly intimate cost for purchase a unit of solar energy equipment to be run one 1 1/2 A.c ,tube lights & two fans.

    maqbool a. soomro

  126. Ali says:
    May 4th, 2010 8:39 am

    sir i want to use the solar system only in day time and not want to use the battries is it possible and how much coat for 500watts

  127. Muhanmmad shakeel says:
    May 5th, 2010 1:01 am

    I want to install solar system in village for water use in Baluchistan.
    Require load for motor 40HP please give me cost of system& installation

  128. Syed Khalid Jamil says:
    May 5th, 2010 5:48 am

    I agree that you mentioned the life of panel about 20 25 years but what about the cells’ life. How much they have. Can you let me know. I am interested to have installed solar system in my residence. Khalid

  129. khalid says:
    May 5th, 2010 1:17 pm

    Dear Sir,
    I want to install a unit of solar energy equipment for my lovely home which is sufficient to run 1-ton Split AC, 3-Ceiling fans and 3-energy savers bulbs. I just want that what would be the cost of solar energy equipment to run the above-mention things.
    I will be waiting for your kind reply.

  130. Muhammad Shakeel says:
    May 6th, 2010 5:41 am

    INeed solar system in village in Baluchistan for agriculture use water water pump motor 40hp so please give me cost&installation as soon as possible I Waite your comments
    Cell # 0321 7248918

  131. Faryaz says:
    May 10th, 2010 2:05 am

    Awesome article, great work!
    Well can any body estimate the cost of installing a solar system which can produce 50Megawatt of hassle free electricity? What would that cost?

  132. Adnan Khan says:
    May 10th, 2010 5:30 am

    Respected Sir,
    I want to install a unit of solar energy System for my home which is sufficiently to run 3-Ceiling fans and 6-energy savers bulbs and a Refrigerator. I just want that what would be the cost of solar energy equipment to run the above-mention things.
    I will be waiting for your kind reply.

    Adnan Khan

  133. sara says:
    May 10th, 2010 11:28 am

    v good article sir i wanna know that if the solar pannels are so much costly and are imported and Pakistan can made its own why not so? can you have any information about how can it be manufactured using that raw material?

  134. Rana Naveed says:
    May 11th, 2010 5:22 am

    I want to install a unit of solar energy equipment for my lovely home which is sufficient to run 1-ton Split AC, 5-Ceiling fans and 6-energy savers bulbs, 2 Fridge, 1 oven, 1 Water pump, 1 Washing Machine. I just want that what would be the cost of solar energy equipment to run the above-mention things.
    I am waiting your quick response.
    Rana Naveed

  135. Faissal Aslam says:
    May 12th, 2010 6:43 am

    I want to install a unit of solar energy equipment for my lovely home which is sufficient to run 1-ton Split AC, 5-Ceiling fans and 6-energy savers bulbs, 2 Fridge, 1 oven, 1 Water pump, 1 Washing Machine. I just want that what would be the cost of solar energy equipment to run the above-mention things.
    I am waiting your quick response Faissal

  136. May 13th, 2010 6:41 am


  137. May 13th, 2010 11:33 pm

    I would like to informe you that it is importent program for
    new generation and human.I wish it should be extend to in
    pakistan for people and cost should be low then midel class
    people can use.it can be manifactue in pakistan? For low cast
    why we are not able to sale to other country.

  138. Watan Aziz says:
    May 13th, 2010 11:56 pm

    omg, hay forgit to gave his cell fone nimber.

    cum beayk!

  139. auk says:
    May 17th, 2010 2:36 am

    I just searched for “Pakistan Solar” on Google, and below is the link to some providers inside Pakistan.


    The one below provides contact numbers for a bunch of providers both in Karachi and Islamabad area.


    The one below is another company in Lahore (PSP), and the link provides their price sheet. A 2KW system is $10450+GST for a 25 year warranty. This would even be able to run air-conditioning. With a 10 year warranty, the price would drop to
    $7950 + GST.

  140. auk says:
    May 17th, 2010 2:40 am

    I missed the last link with the pricing for PSP.


  141. May 17th, 2010 5:56 am

    Dear all,

    Thanks for going through my article.

    I am producing below a list of companies dealing in solar items in Pakistan which I have downloaded from the internet. May be it fulfils the needs of those who want to have some idea regarding the cost of solar panels or the whole solar systems. Any reader having some idea about some other sources may kindly mention the same for the benefit of those who need such information.

    Best regards,

    Azfar A Khan,
    E-mail: azfar44@hotmail.com

    Bundesverband Solarwirtschaft e. V. Office for rural electrification
    page 1 / 2
    List of solar energy companies in Pakistan
    Mr. Shaaf Abdul Aziz Mehboob
    Adaptive Technologies (Pvt) Ltd.
    Suite #3, 4th floor Dean Arcade,
    Block – 8, Clifton,
    75600 Karachi
    Ph. No.: +92 21 586 5896, 586 8044
    Fax: +92 91 586 5897
    Email: adaptec@multi.net.pk

    Mr. Sharjeel Ahmed Sulehri
    Manager Projects
    Akhter Solar Limited
    Buland Markaz, 33-Blue Area
    Islamabad – 44000
    Ph. No.: +92-51-2829803
    Fax: +92-51-2276858
    Mobile: +92-321-8552534
    Email: sharjeel@akhter.com

    Bashir A. Syed
    Vice President, Member ASES, ISES
    Alt-Energy Tech Inc. Pakistan (PVT) Ltd.
    Office Address:
    R-85 Block 13-B-1
    Gulshan-e-Iqbal, Karachi 75300, Pakistan
    Ph. No.: 0333-319-1763
    Fax: 9221 498 7017
    Ph. No. 2: 281 333 9889/286 3726
    Fax 2: 281 461 1150
    Email: bsyed@worldnet.att.net, aa@atrc.net.pk
    Web: http://www.altenergytech.com/

    Muhammad Ammad Riaz
    Director System Engineering
    Clean Power (Pvt.) Ltd.
    216, Street 74, 1-8/3, Islamabad
    Mobile: +92 333 5131574
    Ph. No.: +92 51 4102271 3
    Fax: +92 51 4102274
    Email: ammad@cleanpower.com.pk
    Web: http://www.cleanpower.com.pk

    Mr. Zafir IQBAL
    Crest International Trading Co.
    136/B, Cho Rehmat Ali Road, SMCHS, 2nd floor
    Karachi 74400, Pakistan
    Ph. No.: +92 21 4549650-2 and 4313940-1
    Fax +92 21 4526858 and 4548748
    Email: citcopak@yahoo.com

    Electro Control Industries (Pvt) Ltd.
    ECI House #1,Street #95,Sector I-8/4 Islamabad, Pakistan
    Ph. No.: +92-51-4431451-2
    Fax: +92-51-4445667
    Email: info@ecipak.com.pk
    Web: http://www.ecipak.com.pk

    Mr. Feroz Shah
    Director (P&D)
    202 Sea Breeze Plaza,
    Main Shahrah-e-Faisal,
    Karachi – Pakistan
    Ph. No. +92-21-2788336
    Fax No. +92-21-2782481
    Email: nec@cyber.net.pk

    Ms. Shazia Khalid
    GM (Contracts & Implementation)
    Socio-Engineering Consultants
    4-B, Street # 48, F-7/4
    Ph. No. + 92-51-2822150, 2877130
    Fax + 92-51-2829080
    Email: shazia@secon.com.pk
    Web: http://secon.com.pk

    Naeem Mukaddam
    Synercon: Solution to Energy Saving
    551-A-I, Johar Town, Lahore, Pakistan
    Mobile: 0300-8491613
    Ph. No.: +92 42 5177898
    Fax: +92 42 5172134
    Email: ceo@synercon.com.pk
    Web: http://www.synercon.com.pk/

    Trillium Pakistan (Pvt) Ltd
    10th floor, AWT plaza Rawalpindi, 5-The Mall, Pakistan
    Ph. No.: ++92-51-5524181, 5524182, 5567614, 5562107
    Fax: ++92-51-5568044
    Email: mohsin@trillium-pakistan.com
    Web: http://www.trillium-pakistan.com/

  142. Zeeshan says:
    May 29th, 2010 3:53 pm

    Great article.

    I have been doing some research on solar energy for some time and found out that it is extremely useful in Pakistan especially in villages with the current energy crisis it is useful even in the cities. I don’t think that the current energy crisis will fade away anytime soon and it is the right time to start working on alternative energy resources.

    During my research i found out that solar energy is cheap too if you compare it along the long time frame but unfortunately the companies selling solar system are charging too much. For example i stumbled upon the website of a company which is charging around 5000$ for 1KV system. It is too much and most people cannot afford it.

    Solar technology is very simple and with some knowledge and research people can make their own solar energy generating system. Unfortunately, as mentioned in this articles solar cells are not manufactured in pakistan but except for the solar cells, every thing is available in Pakistan. Solar cells can be ordered from other countries and the shipping doesn’t cost too much as they are very light in weight. There are tons of videos on youtube.com plus you can search about making solar panels on google and you will find ton of articles. With help from these videos and articles you can make a 1KV system for as low as 1500$, while in villages where the energy consumption is low a 450watt system will be sufficient to run a fan, fridge, a TV and couple of energy savers.

    I am planning on building a 1KV system in my village as a test phase which should be able to run a 1 ton AC and other everyday electrical appliances during the day. The cost estimate so far is 1500$ but i will post about the exact cost and time consumption once i am finish completing it.

  143. Mubarak says:
    May 30th, 2010 1:38 am

    Azfar sahab, I dont know much but I would like to say one thing that the price of importing or manufacturing solar panels may be high but once it is done (by some deficit financing) we could use the amount we use for buying fuel (furnace oil) to repay for the financing until it is fully paid up and I guess it would take only a couple of years. What is your opinion, sir.

  144. May 30th, 2010 6:17 pm

    Solar energy is not feasible in Pakistan as yet. However, solar technology is getting installed commercially and residentially on larger scale

  145. Rahmatulah says:
    June 2nd, 2010 5:07 pm

    Dear Azfar sb,

    It is really a fantastic article. however, I am just wondering, is it only because of high initial cost that people as well as government of Pakistan are not adopting solar energy system at large scale or there are some other reasons?
    I think you may be the right person who can shed light on that question.


    Rahmatulah Vistro

  146. Fuaad says:
    June 3rd, 2010 5:42 am

    excellent article!

  147. fahim says:
    June 7th, 2010 4:10 am

    Sir excellent article ,However I beg to differ on recommended specialty constraints for the manufacturing of solar cells . I request broadening of engineering perception to sustain tangible implementation of renewable energy projects in Pakistan regards lari

  148. Khalid says:
    June 8th, 2010 12:49 am

    I was looking at prices at a Pakistani supplier’s website.To produce 200 W i.e 8 energy saver bulbs you need to pay Rs 120,000. This technology only seems to be good for writing articles on.

  149. Younas says:
    June 11th, 2010 1:37 am

    Salam, i am interested to fit the a small rang solar plant for domestic purpose gerernating about 1000 watts say it electric power, Can you guide me about the setup and expenses of the such power mini solar plant.
    Your suggestion and guidelines will be highly appricated.
    Thanks With Best Regards.
    Younas Ali (Software Engineer) Islamabad
    Mobile no: 0332-9796127

  150. Shafiq Ahmed says:
    June 25th, 2010 1:20 am

    Dear All if any one have the contact no of supplier solar panel in pakistan plz share with me thanks in advance. best of luck take care all.

  151. Ismail says:
    July 2nd, 2010 8:24 am

    I think the future of energy in Pakistan HAS to be solar.

  152. Askari says:
    July 2nd, 2010 11:53 pm

    Dear Friend

    We are group of 04 , all are engineers ( Mech, Chem, Elect and Civil ) planning to set up our own company for solar power system for domestic use , say intially 2-4 KW as a pilot project and later on commercial basis . Need to have some expert opionion

    Askari Syed

  153. Junaid says:
    July 4th, 2010 9:32 am

    Hello everyone,
    I am a student of information technology in Austria and i have been thinking seriously about the recent energy crisis in Pakistan. I am a big fan of solar energy both in the form of heat and light and have done a lot of study in this regards.
    I am ready for all the help which i can extend to anyone in Pakistan about Photo Energy , Thermal energy and Wind energy. Please write back to me those who want to get help about all of it and we move forward from there.

    kind regards,

    M Junaid Malik,
    0043 650 9101651

  154. raheel says:
    July 5th, 2010 5:34 pm

    i want system, load is 5 kv, how many price u required.

  155. HASEEB ASLAM says:
    July 25th, 2010 4:30 am

    salam .
    kia hal hai
    please tell me price of sollar panel in500 watts
    haseeb aslam

  156. HAMMAD BIN KHALID says:
    July 26th, 2010 2:00 am

    In pakistan,there is atleast 13 hours sun remain present and we all know that there is very shortage of electricity in Pakistan.we must use solar energy to full fill our energy requirments.We must force our goverment to think about it.We should built a strong comunity for its developement,then we will face no shortage of energy.THANKYOU

  157. m.ahmad says:
    July 27th, 2010 8:32 am

    A.A kia hal hain main ap se info lena chahta hoin ke 165 wat main kia load chal sakta hi ya kia kia elec cheezain chal sakti hain. thanks.

  158. UMER says:
    July 30th, 2010 9:47 pm

    i need some info about solar panels in Pakistan for my house hold

  159. August 13th, 2010 8:02 am


    sir kia ap mujhy detail k sath kuch products ki tasawir with price bhej sakty hayn

    waysy mujhy ghar k liy light or fan ? pankhy ki zarorat hy 2 tube light ya 2 energy savour or 2 fan ?
    please tell me

    thanx and regard…
    yasin nawaz from jhang saddar

  160. Aftab says:
    August 26th, 2010 4:52 pm

    my dear its a nice try but we need more feed back about these solar panels and also want to know that from where i could these panels for my house in Lahore

  161. Muhammad Jawad Khan Ghori says:
    August 27th, 2010 1:26 am

    i want need to solar plana 200 m/w generate please tell its price and pic send me i m waiting ur replay thanks


    Cell # 92-333-315-6238 , 313-267-7937

  162. Ijaz Malik says:
    September 1st, 2010 2:28 am

    “Utilizing Solar Energy in Pakistan” by Azfar is a mind blowing article. I wish, I were rich enough to manufacture Solar Cells in Pakistan. Thanks. Ijaz Malik from Jhang Saddar.

  163. gogreenpk says:
    September 7th, 2010 3:34 pm

    for solar cells in pakistan plz visit

  164. Adnan Siddiqui says:
    September 13th, 2010 10:03 am

    Dear All,

    Please contact me through my email asiddiqui@crescentae.com so I can give each and everyone all the detail about solar system and how it can be used. I have all type of solar products available.

  165. September 14th, 2010 2:24 am

    All type of solar solutions including bulbs, solar ups solar pumps are available
    please contact at:

  166. Farid Khan says:
    September 27th, 2010 12:28 am

    I want to install a solar system in my house . Please send me details of 1000 Watts system in Karachi and Islamabad at the following email:

  167. Ghulam Sarwar says:
    October 1st, 2010 11:53 am


    I want to install solar system to extract water and electricity and it will run 24 hours a day.

    I really appreciate, if anybody email me total cost of solar system incuding installation charges.

    Ghulam Sarwar

  168. umairmirza says:
    October 2nd, 2010 12:58 am


    I want to install solar system to extract water and electricity and it will run 24 hours a day.

    I really appreciate, if anybody email me total cost of solar system incuding installation charges.


    umair mirza

  169. saif says:
    October 3rd, 2010 3:20 am

    I want to install solar system it will run 24 hours a day but limited item only (2energy saver 3fanonly) please sent me total cost with installation charge

    thanks i hope you will reply me urgent

  170. A.M.Khan says:
    October 10th, 2010 12:38 pm

    Really commendable step on the part of government ,agencies and personalities to provide logistic support and expertise to install energy, environmental friendly and approachable in terms of price to public. i would quote”some times to take a step you need a little nudge”.these steps will lead to first awareness,inspiration and then to initiative.

  171. Masood says:
    October 11th, 2010 3:47 am

    If the Govt. does not take steps for production of photo voltic cells then is there any Pakistani industriliest who take a chance to set up a factory as soon as possible to minimize suffering of citizens?
    I appeal to renowned industriliest to establish a factory.

  172. October 29th, 2010 2:21 am

    Assalam o Alaikum, First of all let me thank you on think about difficulties for a common citizen who pay off monthly electricity bills. The rates of units are gradually increasing day by day and there seems to be no respite in foreseeable future.

    To use the solar energy especially in industrial sectors for the generation of electricity I think it would be beneficial for our economy. Most of the countries are doing it successfully for and their population benefiting through the use of this free resource.


    1. Firstly start the solar energy method in the agriculture sector.
    2. Secondly it would be beneficial for our industries.
    3. When you install the solar energy system, i would like to remind about the recent flood situation and then earthquake in Pakistan. We should think about the preventive measures to save the assets as and alot we can, because we had lost lot of our assets in disasters.

    Allah Hafiz
    M.Aamer Ashraf

  173. HASSAN says:
    December 4th, 2010 3:31 am


  174. H. Khan says:
    December 4th, 2010 12:19 pm

    Thank you for writing such an excellent article that highlights the advantages and limitations of solar energy. I work for Solar Systems Pakistan and we are grateful for any efforts citizens make to educate each other about the value of going solar. If we can be of any assistance, please let us know.
    Our email address is sales@solarsystemspk.com and you can read more about our efforts to bring solar to the market at http://www.solarsystemspk.com

    Thank you again!

    H. Khan
    Solar Systems Pakistan

  175. Safdar Ali says:
    December 21st, 2010 11:01 pm

    please help me provide the price tag about solar cells.


  176. January 4th, 2011 9:54 pm

    Dear All,
    Thank you for comming on this site and work for our beautiful homeland. I have seen this site and very much inspired there is a lot of data about solar system and solar products. We are also deals in Solar energy in Pakistan. If any one need any support or information about solar just email us md@innosol.pk or visit our website http://www.innosol.pk
    with regards

  177. Vladimir Karasev says:
    January 11th, 2011 10:24 am

    Colleagues, good afternoon!
    We offer you a new innovative product – the solar cells with an
    efficiency of 35%.
    We developed the technology and began to produce solar Cell 156 mm
    with an efficiency of 35%. Notify your email address we will send you
    a presentation of technology, photography and performance. My e-mail:
    The basis of the invention are:
    1. Synthesis of a truly amorphous silicon having particle size of
    10-50 nano metr
    2. several layers of transparent coating on the surface of mono
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    The characteristics of our products:
    Dimension :156mm x 156mm ± 0.5mm
    Thickness :203 mc.m ± 0,5 mc.m, 180 mc.m ±  0,5 mc.m
    Front :2.0 ± 0.1mm busbar (silver)
    Silicon nitride antireflection coating
    Back 3.0mm continuous soldering pads (silver)
    Back surface field (aluminum)
    Efficiency – 35%
    Power : 6,5 watt
    Color uniformity A, grade
    Price basis-CIF -4,7 $ \ Cell

    Information needed to pay for samples:

    1. If awake to buy standard packing (we have sent you its photo) that
    in it holds 1000 Cell   156×156 mm (10 packings on 100 Сell).
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    taking into account delivery by plane will be – 5 500$. The size of a
    box 800х800х300 mm. The weight of the goods taking into account
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  178. Bollywood music says:
    January 11th, 2011 11:21 pm

    I think its a solution for the next generation people …. WE dont have energy right now.

  179. naqash says:
    January 19th, 2011 5:52 pm

    in these pages true solution of deficiency of electricity is given.by taking these steps we we can overcome the deficiency of electricity in Pakistan with no pollution,noise and it would be chief.so it will be charming for our investors to establish factories in their own country and it would help in reducing unemployment.

  180. zohaib kd says:
    January 29th, 2011 7:02 pm

    In our country the fact is this that, our politiciens and our people they are not co~oporative, if we are coporative to each other then our country is best of one in the world. So the only problem or fact is this that we are not coporative and we doesn`t work together.,

  181. January 29th, 2011 8:33 pm

    YES, Solar is the Technology of Future and we believe that it will be the best solution to our electricity shortage problems in Pakistan.

    We are endeavoring to Bring in Pakistan The Latest Solar Technology in Pakistan.


    M. M. Hassan

    Contact: +92-333-850 7474
    Email: mmh7474@gmail.com
    SKYPE: mmhassan7474

  182. Muhammad Hussain Rajani says:
    February 18th, 2011 5:17 pm

    i have read this article. Please inform the cost of this system.
    Can we run small industry?

  183. February 27th, 2011 1:52 pm

    i visited ur site & appriciate ur effors in this regard. please give more details about latest developments in solar area & efficiency, cost and company detals if any sothat people of paistan can be benifitted



  184. m muqarrab ur rehman says:
    March 12th, 2011 1:27 pm

    i have read ur article . kindly inform me the price of the system for two kannal house and also the specification

  185. M.ASIF says:
    March 20th, 2011 3:20 pm

    please tell me complete procedure of solar system

  186. March 25th, 2011 5:12 am

    At Solar Systems Pakistan, our quality products and unmatched service have made us the solar energy leader for homes, businesses and government agencies across the country. No matter what the size of your project, we deliver equipment tailored to your power and cost requirements. Visit http://www.solarsystemspk.com for more details.

  187. Manzoor Qadir says:
    May 13th, 2011 9:28 pm

    Khan Sahib I have read ur article in length and happy that Pakistan has still the people like you who think about the nation and are involved in suggesting solutions with dedication to bring it out of the crisis. Kindly contact me as I am a journalist and want to disseminate your massages not in the power corridors but also in the general masses.
    Manzoor Qadir

  188. Rafi us Shan says:
    August 4th, 2011 6:50 pm


    Very good article, I was looking for some basic research on this area for long in Pakistan. Good to see almost everything under one article.

    I have some questions,

    What is cost of Solar energy per Watt in Pakistan, (including importing+installation+service)?

    How much do you think the cost per watt can be decreased if local manufacturing kicks in?

    Is there any govt incentive i.e Tax rebate , Funding or any sorta help for setting up Solar Business?

    with kind regards,

  189. Ali Ismail says:
    September 13th, 2011 1:07 pm

    AOA .. Please tell me compelet installation of solar power
    For homes and price .

  190. M Shahbaz khan says:
    September 15th, 2011 12:48 am

    Information shared by Khan Saab that’s very nice.
    We should work honestly and take a part to change our life style. Especially our youngsters need to take the more information about the alternative energy sources. We should use the solar energy solution to manage our finance which we are paying in term of wapda billing and increasing day by day.
    I want to say something like (BIJLEE TO AATEE NAHEE, BILL HAR DAFA AA JATA HAY).
    So we should change our thinking and need to move towards solar energy. My messages for our teenagers don’t waste your time and try to do something for Pakistan. You can make your own solar panel in very cheapest rate compare to the market. I am working on it and want to share the information to everyone who wants to do something for Pakistan.

    M Shahbaz Khan

  191. M Shahbaz khan says:
    September 15th, 2011 1:03 am

    Dear Ali Ismail

    No need to worry about the solar calculation. You can calculate and design your own solar setup for your home in very controlled rates. Save your time and money.
    Try to contact. I would like to share the information with you about solar system.

    M Shahbaz Khan

  192. October 1st, 2011 4:12 pm

    I like this review, I think it is one area in which this country can be a net exporter of technology that’s why I started Solar Energy solution in Pakistan and mainly focused on rural area which are definitely required our intention to promote it with this technology.

    Thank you for sharing this useful articles with us.

  193. October 2nd, 2011 9:28 pm

    if we want to do something for ourself so come with us save your mony and save your time because time is mony and mony is power and power is power
    M.Amjad Saleem

  194. DOCTOR PASHA says:
    October 5th, 2011 12:52 am


    DOCTOR PASHA SAHIWAL 03335913736

  195. October 13th, 2011 2:50 pm

    We are a joint venture specializing in solar products . We supply high quality solar power systems which is a product can produces electricity under the sun and will store them in batteries,so people will also can get electricity from the batteries in night and raining days .Our products are of high quality and competitive price ,we have exported our products to Italy,France,Hungary ,Pakistan ,Bangladesh ect.Our products are highly approved by the end users.Please do not hesitate to give me a email(achow521@gmail.com) if you are interested in our products .And you may also visit our website http://www.zk-pv.com for more information .

    Arthur Chow
    Shanghai Zk Solar
    Skype :tengye.arthur

  196. haroon says:
    October 22nd, 2011 3:13 am

    salam . I am interested in solary system . if i want three tube light + 1 water pump+ two fans and one refragtor than what is the solar system cost and warrenty of system .I am living near vehari .

  197. December 12th, 2011 1:02 am

    The develped countries are running complete factories on solar energy. We have organizations which do not have any financial constraints, yet they aren’t producing their own energy through solar power. And, that too, when sun shines at every nook and corner of the country. The management of these organizations/companies doesn’t understand that once solar panels are installed, they would keep produce energy for 25 years at a stretch! There are air force bases in the US which are producing energy through solar means which’s catering for the energy requirements of 12,000 personnel of the base!


  198. December 12th, 2011 1:06 am

    The develped countries are running complete factories on solar energy. We have organizations which do not have any financial constraints, yet they aren’t producing their own energy through solar power. And, that too, when sun shines at every nook and corner of the country. The management of these organizations/companies doesn’t understand that once solar panels are installed, they would keep producing energy for 25 years at a stretch! There are air force bases in the US which are producing energy through solar means which’s catering for the energy requirements of 12,000 personnel of the base!


  199. Dr. Tahir says:
    December 18th, 2011 5:26 pm

    Dear Mr. Azfar!

    Your article about the solar energy in Pakistan is quite encouraging but can you give present day comparison of the cost of energy production which should compare oil, gas and solar energy in equal terms as KWH.

    Secondly I am interested that how much buiding up such plant will cost in Pakistan.


    Dr. Tahir

  200. Dr. Tahir says:
    December 18th, 2011 5:30 pm

    Dear Dr Pasha!

    Do you have the email address of Mr. Basit. I am interested in this field of Solar energy and want to have an idea that how much building up a plant for these solar panels will cost and and how can we bring down the cost of production of these solar panels.


    Dr. Tahir

  201. Usman says:
    December 31st, 2011 3:13 am

    Excellent idea !
    Manufacture solar cells from raw material .
    This would involve work and money,knowledge and research. Pakistanis don’t want to invest in either of the above 4 entities.
    Wait for angels ! sarcasm free at least

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