Remembering Iqbal and his message of change

Posted on November 9, 2007
Filed Under >Raza Rumi, People, Poetry, Politics
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Raza Rumi

God, You created the night, I made the lamp
You created the earth, I made earthen pot out of it
It is me who created the mirror out of stone
It is me who made elixir out of poison

Today Pakistan celebrates Allama Iqbal’s birth anniversary with the usual lip-service. The key messages of Iqbal seem to have been lost in the maze of officialdom. This is further exacerbated by the hijacking of Islam and politics by vested interests, not to mention the recent events that have shook us all. Iqbal opposed exploitation, Mullahism, emphasised the principle of movement in Islamic thought; and highlighted “Ijtehad” (re-interpretation) of Islamic teachings through a modern parliamentary framework. Alas, all of that is nearly forgotten.
For instance he was clear about the layers of exploitation:

The world does not like tricks and
Of science and wit nor, their contests
This age does not like ancient thoughts,
From core of hearts their show detests.

O wise economist, the books you write
Are quite devoid of useful aim:
They have twisted lines with orders strange
No warmth for labour, though they claim.

The idol houses of the West,
Their schools and churches wide
The ravage caused for, greed of wealth
Their wily wit attempts to hide

The questions that Iqbal raises in his poetry are universal and deal with the larger issues of Man’s relationship with God and the Universe. This is why his poetry does not address any particular group, but the entire Muslim Ummah. He has inspired Muslims with the realization of life and urged them for self-reform and self-actualization by searching for their khudi or self.

After centuries of stagnation, Iqbal was a voice for reformation within Islam. Shah Walliullah had tried to open the debate but Iqbal represented the twentieth century consciousness of modern Muslims. Iqbal is therefore known across the Muslim world, widely read and quoted. Pity that in the homeland that he dreamt of talking of ijtehad threatens many a fatwa mongers. In Zarb-e-Kalim, he sings:

Your prayer cannot change the Order of the Universe,
But it is possible that praying will alter your being;
If there is a revolution in your inner Self
It will not be strange, then, if the whole world changes too

In the famous series of lectures – The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam – Iqbal held:

“….but since things have changed and the world of Islam is to-day confronted and affected by new forces set free by the extraordinary development of human thought in all its directions, I see no reason why this attitude (finality of legal schools) should be maintained any longer. Did the founders of our schools ever claim finality for their reasoning and interpretations? Never. …The teaching of the Qur’an that life is a process of progressive creation necessitates that each generation, guided but unhampered by the work of its predecessor, should be permitted to solve its own problems.”

Maulana Rumi and Iqbal communicated a shared message: de’dan day’gar amuz, shan’idan day’gar amuz (learn to see and think in a new way). As Suroosh Irfani writes eloquently, this

“message sums up an outlook of life as a forward assimilative movement, even as one remains rooted in an Islamic heritage. Indeed, the message arose in a historical context when old certainties were crumbling and the new were struggling to be born: Rumi lived at a time when the Muslim world was traumatised by Mongol invasions, while Iqbal’s was a time of awakening of the colonised masses that eventually led to the independence of India and Pakistan.”

What Pakistan appears today is not the dream that Iqbal articulated for a separate homeland for Muslims of India. The extremists waving their flags on government buildings and propagating a version of Islam that Iqbal resisted, while the peaceful activists are behind bars. I digress: The vision of the Quaid for a modern, democratic Pakistan where rule of law was to prevail has also been undermined. Somehow, I have been thinking of Habib Jalib – wish he was alive today – here are a few verses by him from a poem entitled Youm-i-Iqbal:

Log uthte hain jab tere ghareebon ko jagane
Sab shehar ke zardar pahunch jaate hain thane
Kehte hain yeh daulat hamein bakhshi hai khuda ne
Farsudah bahane wahi afsaane purane
Ai shair-e mashriq! Yehi jhute yehi bad zaat
Peete hain laoo banda-e mazdoor ka din raat

When we arise to wake the poor, the have nots
A beeline to the police station they make, these wealthy sots
They say that God this wealth to them allots
Oh these trite excuses, oh these dusty plots
Night and day the working men’s blood they suck, o poet of the East
These congenital liars, with the vileness of a beast

(Translated by fowpe sharma and Urdu transliteration by Hasan Abdullah)

It is time to reclaim Iqbal and save him from the clutches of forces that have been attempting to maintain the status quo; and promote obscurantism. His vision starts from the self and then reaches for the society and the Universe.


1. A Reader’s Words
2. Allama Iqbal dot com
3. Farzana Hassan
4. Revolutionary Democracy
5. Title Photo by Abro

Related ATP Post: Owning Mohammad Iqbal

60 responses to “Remembering Iqbal and his message of change”

  1. Rafay Kashmiri says:

    Raza Rumi,

    I must say that the photos (two poses) with design
    and colours the most beautifull photos of The Shair-e-
    Mashriq. Chapeau !

  2. By your definition, Muhammad(SAW) shouldn’t have been sent on earth. Why did Allah make such efforts when He could just leave a Copy of Quran on some top of mount so that everyone could Interpretate himself? Why Allah had to send so many Prophets on earth?

  3. Raza, are you really not understanding or just trying to play? There was nothing between lines you can figure out?

    For you, even Meera can advise you religious matter on request. :-)

    Offcourse same “No Clergy excuse” become a reason to reject Hadiths and companions.

    As far as clergy is concerned, reality is different. How can we reject the faith that Shiaiites always follow some Ayatullah while Agha Khanis follow their Cleric Agha Khan and Bohri follows Burhanuddin?

    Can we talk about realities Raza? :)

  4. Raza Rumi says:

    Talawat Bokhari:

    the context of the verse is:

    qoum kia cheez hay qoumo ke imammat kia hay
    is ko kia janay ye bechara do rakaat ka immam
    bayan may nukta tawheed aa to sakta hay
    teray dimagh may but khana ho to kia kahiye
    deen-e- kafir fikr-wo-tadbeer-e- jihad
    deen mullah fee-sabeellillah fasaad

    I think the use of term Paki/Paky is reflective of the racist stereotyping that is all pervasive now – therefore it is no longer a benign ‘national’ identity. We ought to refrain from using it lest we give in to overt racism.

    Rafay: you are absolutely right about Iqbal’s key message. About your tears – I think we all have some on that….

    Adnan bhai: there is nothing modern or conventional about Ijtehad – Islam is a dynamic, living religion for all times to come and Allah has shown the path to his followers ony if institutionalized monopolies were to let Muslims think for themselves..

    Let it be clear that there is no “clergy” in Islam and no room for theocratic hierarchies! The reality alas is otherwise.

  5. Rafay Kashmiri says:

    Talawat Bokhari,

    Iqbal was knighted because, for “Frangies ” there was
    no other choice but to render respect to a muslim who
    acheived such hights of sagesse and nobility in jura and
    philosophy and other expertises. Do you know Syed Ahmed
    Khan was also decorated by “Sir”.

    Although in the past these colonials had mutilated the
    names of muslims savants like Ibn-Rush, was changed
    into Avoreos, etc.

    Andhi Taqleed,
    Iqbal said,

    Taqleed ki rawish say to behtar hay khudkushi

    Rastah bhi doondh, khizr ka saudah bhi chaurh day.

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