As was expected – but much more so than expected becasue of its timing – Ayesha Siddiqa’s new book Military Inc.: Inside Pakistan’s Military Economy is causing waves in Pakistan and abroad.
True to form, the establishment has bothed up things even more than usual by trying to mess with the book’s launch in Islamabad. That only made the launch an even bigger news than it would have been. Here, for example, is the top of the page, front page news item from Dawn (June 1, 2007):
A book putting a critical spotlight on the militaryÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢s business nooks was launched from a virtual sanctuary on Thursday and some high-profile political reviewers seized upon it to denounce the armyÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢s role in Pakistani politics.
The launching of the book, Military Inc: Inside PakistanÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢s Military Economy, by Dr Ayesha Siddiqa, a military analyst, was due to have taken place at the capitalÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢s elitist Islamabad Club. But the author told a surprised audience that not only the club cancelled the booking of its auditorium, ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã…â€œall hotels in Islamabad were also toldÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚? by unspecified authorities not to allow the use of their halls for this, forcing the organisers to find a sanctuary at a third floor room provided by a non-governmental organisation.
PPPÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢s legal star Aitzaz Ahsan said the time had come to stand up against the military dominance while PML-N Information Secretary Ahsan Iqbal accused Pakistan army generals of not learning a lesson from other countries that said goodbye to military rule. But some other speakers had a dig also at politicians for doing little to keep the military in check while being in power and at times celebrating the ouster of their rivals. Mr Aitzaz Ahsan said the expose of Ayesha, who puts the net worth of the armyÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢s commercial empire at Rs200 billion, had come at a ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã…â€œdefining momentÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚? in PakistanÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢s history following President Pervez MusharrafÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢s controversial charge-sheeting and suspension of Chief Justice Iftikhar Mohammad Chaudhry.
He narrated what he called the militaryÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢s moves in the past to convert Pakistan into a national security state contrary to the Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali JinnahÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢s vision of a welfare state and to forge an alliance with mullahs in search of an ideological justification for this, but said he thought now ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã…â€œa watershed has comeÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚?. Mr Ashan, who heads Justice IftikharÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢s legal team, saw ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã…â€œa turning pointÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚? in the March 9 presidential action against the chief justice that plunged the country into a judicial crisis and said: ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã…â€œWe must grasp it.ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚? Cheers went up in the congested premises of the NGO Leadership for Environment and Development as Mr Ahsan referred to what he called an unexpected ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã…â€œnoÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚? by the chief justice to the presidentÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢s demand for his resignation and, in a reference to the nationwide protest movement by lawyers, opposition political activists and the civil society, said: ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã…â€œThe spillway of the Tarbela Dam has opened now.ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚? He said although the chief justice would not speak about the presidential reference pending before the five-judge Supreme Judicial Council or his challenge to the reference before a 13judge bench of the Supreme Court, it was out of compulsion that an affidavit was filed on his behalf on Tuesday about what happened to him during his March 9 meeting with the president and for some days afterwards. ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã…â€œWe were compelled to file that affidavit,ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚? Mr Ahsan said, citing comments made by President Musharraf about the case as the reason.
Mr Iqbal rejected as a myth usual accusations holding politicians responsible for four military coups in PakistanÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢s history and put the blame on what he called ambitions of army chiefs who toppled civilian governments from General Mohammad Ayub Khan, who later became field marshal, to General Musharraf. Comparing the ills of military interventions in politics to what cancer does to human body, he said Ayub Khan struck in October 1958 to pre-empt scheduled elections next year, while General Yahya Khan snatched power from him in 1969 at ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã…â€œvirtual gunpointÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚? to prevent a handover to a National Assembly Speaker from then East Pakistan in the midst of a national democratic movement.
General Mohammad Zia-ulHaq, he recalled, seized power on June 5, 1977 a day after then prime minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and the opposition Pakistan National Alliance had agreed to hold fresh elections. He said Pakistan faced no bankruptcy despite international sanctions for its 1998 nuclear tests and ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã…â€œeverything was normalÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚? when General Musharraf, after being sacked, toppled then prime minister Nawaz Sharif on Oct 12, 1999. Mr Zafar Abbas, resident editor of Dawn, Islamabad, and Dr Farrukh Saleem, also complimented the 292-page book published by the Oxford University Press.
It speaks about the role of the military power in transforming the Pakistani society, armed forces becoming an independent class entrenched in the corporate sector and their five giant welfare foundations, or conglomerates, running thousands of businesses ranging from petrol pumps to industrial plants.
I have not yet read the book myself, however, I have talked about it with Ayesha many times – most recently in Boston some weeks ago – and am generally familiar with the thesis of the book. But, then, so is most of Pakistan. It is that the Military’s economic footprint has become too large for teh military’s own good. From cereal to banks to airlines, what she calls ‘Military Inc.’ is now everywhere in Pakistan’s economic life. Her argument is that this is nietehr good for Pakistan nor the military.
I am looking forward to reading and reviewing the book, which Ayesha has promised to send me soon. Meanwhile, we will keep an eye out for substantive reviews of this undoubtedly important work.