The Architectural Heritage of Bahawalpur

Posted on November 7, 2006
Filed Under >Roshan Malik, Architecture, Culture & Heritage, Travel
Total Views: 109953


Roshan Malik

Bahawalpur State (1833-1955) has a unique architecture blended with Italian style. It was comprised of three districts (Bahawalpur, Bahawalnagar and Rahim Yar Khan). The last ruler Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V ruled the State (1907-55) before it merged into the unitary province of Pakistan. The State reached the zenith of its glory under his rule, as he transformed Bahawalpur into an excellence of learning and centre of architecture. Various schools, colleges, palaces, mosques, hospitals and a library and university were built during his time.

Since ATP readers have already been talking about Bahawalpur architecture through the Photo Quiz on Noor Mahal and then again on the Baghdad-ul-Jadeed Railway station, it makes sense to talk about this scope and history of this architectural heritage at greater length.

Sadiqgarh Palace (Sleeping Beauty Castle) is situated at Dera Nawab Sahib (Ahmedpur East), about 30 miles away from Bahawalpur, was the headquarters of the State. More than 1000 employees were deployed for the maintenance and beautification of the Palace and its lush green lawns. Nearly 100 rooms were decorated with crystal chandeliers, drapes, paintings and carpets.

After Nawab’s death, the Palace had been sealed by the government for many decades due to a dispute among heirs. Many antiques had been stolen from the Sadiqgarh Palace and were sold in cities like Lahore, Karachi and Islamabad. The building of that glory now gives a deserted and shabby look surrounded by wild shrubs. The palace desperately needs maintenance and repair for the restoration of its grandeur.

Noor Mahal and Gulzar Mahal are the most elegant buildings in Bahawalpur built in the Italian style. Both the buildings are now under the control of Army. However, the army purchased the Noor Mahal some years back by paying Rs. 120 million to the heirs. It is unique in its architecture and is splendid with beautiful lawns and driveways.

The late Nawab established various educational institutes in the State such as Islamia University Bahawalpur, Sadiq Public School Bahawalpur, Sadiq Egerton College Bahawalpur, Sadiq Dane High School Bahawalpur, Jamia Masjid al Sadiq Bahawalpur. The Central Library Bahawalpur is another landmark of Bahawalpur architecture which was built in 1924. This is the second largest library in Punjab having various manuscripts and rare books.

The famous Fort Derawar was once the capital of Bahawalpur State. It was built in thirteenth century by the Rajputs of Jaiselmer. The Nawabs of Bahawalpur conquered it in eighteenth century. It was a birth place of many Nawabs. The rulers of Bahawalpur give great importance to Derawar as their royal cemetery is near Derawar.

Derawar is about 65 miles away from Bahawalpur in Cholistan desert. The historic Derawar Fort, enormous and impressive structure in the heart of Cholistan desert, is rapidly crumbling and if the immediate preventative measures are not taken, the edifice will be destroyed and the historians, researchers and sightseers deprived of the view of the legacy of the bygone era.

The legacy of Bahawalpur state has been in ruins like many other historical places of the country. These building have potential to attract a great deal of tourists. But what the heirs and the government need is a good planning and political will. Otherwise it will turn into sands like many other forts in Cholistan like Maujgarh, Dingarh, Islamgarh and Marot.

The cluster of 6 pictures, above, includes: (1) One of the still-intact but crumbling walls of Fort Derawar, (2) Aerial view of the fort, (3) Mosque Derawar, (4) Entrance to Fort Derawar with potholes, (5) Services Club Multan, was once Rest House of Nawab of Bahawalpur, (6) Sadiq Public School, Bahawalpur.

Roshan Malik is a development practitioner from the Bahawalpur region.

95 Comments on “The Architectural Heritage of Bahawalpur”

  1. Pervaiz Munir Alvi says:
    November 7th, 2006 12:12 pm

    “a unique architecture blended with Italian style.”

    “Noor Mahal and Gulzar Mahal are the most elegant buildings in Bahawalpur built in the Italian style.”

    Thank you Roshan Malik for treating us with this beautiful posting. More needs to be said about Bahawalpur and its history. These buildings are good examples of ‘British Period Architecture in Pakistan’. One could find structures similar to these in Imperial France of seventeen and eighteen century. French palaces in Versailles, Paris, and even many structures in Victorian England were inspired by these styles. I for one would be interested in learning names of the architects behind these structures. I have feeling they were British in their origin. These, like other British period structures in Pakistan are architecturally ‘hybrid’ and there fore hard to pin down as Italian, or French, or British for say. But that is what is interesting about them anyway. These are Pakistani structures and should be viewed as such. It is sad that we Pakistanis are unable to save our fabulous heritage. Sad indeed.

  2. Daktar says:
    November 7th, 2006 12:26 pm

    Nice posts and great selection of pictures. Ashamed to say I have never been to Bahawalpur and never thought of going there. Now certainly will. Any information on the architects of these buildings.

  3. zamanov says:
    November 7th, 2006 12:58 pm

    “Noor Mahal and Gulzar Mahal are the most elegant buildings in Bahawalpur built in the Italian style. Both the buildings are now under the control of Army. However, the army purchased the Noor Mahal some years back by paying Rs. 120 million to the heirs.”

    What role does the army have in preserving the historical heritage of the country? Which fund did the Rs. 120 million, to pay the heirs of the Noor Mahal, come out of? Is there no other organization or government entity left in Pakistan to purchase, maintain and upkeep these priceless architectural masterpieces? Will the military owners now allow the public to visit and enjoy our own cultural heritage for a nominal fee?

    Mr Malik thank you for writing about this amazing piece of history in our own backyard.

  4. November 7th, 2006 1:03 pm

    Fascinating. Never been to Bahawalpur but am amazed at the pictures. They look stunning.
    Given that the government is not exactly up to the task of maintaining these architectural masterpieces, is there another way of approaching this problem? Could corporations be involved in such an undertaking? Could schools of architecture be motivated to take scholarly interest in not just the history but preservation of such heritage?

  5. Roshan Malik says:
    November 7th, 2006 1:19 pm

    @Pervaiz Munir Alvi
    There are a number of books in Central Library Bahawalpur about the history and architecture of the State. No doubt we need to have more research on its architects and architecture of these buildings.

    The army is in the possession of Gulzar Mahal where the Nawab used to live during his visit to Bahawalpur as it is adjacent to Darbar Mahal where he used to hold his court. Now there is no public access to both Gulzar Mahal and Darbar Mahal.
    Regarding Noor Mahal, I think recently it has been transformed into an army mess so no public access again. Regarding Services Club Multan (Pic 5) used to be Nawab’s rest house in Multan is now a Club of civilians and army elite similar to Islamabad club or Lahore gymkhana club.

    I wish that the public should have access to our cultural heritage and it would have been a great attraction for the tourists to visit Bahawalpur.

  6. aliraza says:
    November 7th, 2006 3:03 pm

    Roshan, thanks for this informative piece. I have fond childhood memories of Bahawalpur, and Ahmedpur Sharqia. Lived there during two postings while my father served in the Army.

  7. Owais Mughal says:
    November 7th, 2006 3:15 pm

    There are quite a few buildings which are out of bound for civilians despite their tourism value. Attock fort and qila Bala-hisar of Peshawar come to mind right away.

  8. Pervaiz Munir Alvi says:
    November 7th, 2006 3:33 pm

    Gulzar Mahal—Nawab’s residence in Bahawalpur. Now in army control. No public access.
    Darbar Mahal-Nawab’s court in Bahawalpur. No public access.
    Noor Mahal–Now in Army control. No public access.
    Nawab’s Multan Residence—Services Club House. No public access.
    Sadiq Garh Palace—-???
    Fort Dera War—-???

    In developed countries like England the old palaces are maintained either by the original or the new owners and then opened up to the public. In Pakistan army keeps it for its brass. Damn the public. We hope Roshan Malik takes us further and keeps up informed about the fate and conditions of our national heritage in the former Bahawalpur State.

  9. Owais Mughal says:
    November 7th, 2006 3:45 pm

    Roshan. great post. Although not on architecture but an important piece of Bahawalpur’s heritage was the presence of colorful cycle rickshaws. These rickshaws were; in my opinion rightly; banned by Nawaz Sharif govt (early 90s) b/c they symbolized demeaning of human labor. They were replaced by Nawaz Sharif’s yellow cab scheme but what is interesting is that most of these rickshaws from Bahawalpur ended up on the streets of Dhaka Bangladesh where they remained in high demand until last year. Looks like economics defines demeaning labor in one country as a livelihood in other.

    I’ve read that a few of these cycle rickshaws have been preserved in Bahawalpur museum. Can someone confirm?

  10. Owais Mughal says:
    November 7th, 2006 3:58 pm

    guys, the topic is so interesting that i keep coming back again and again with comments :) I’ve noticed that ‘domed’ architecture is a very uunique feature of old Bahawalpur state and not found in any other area of Pakistan. E.g. are the railway station buildings of Dera Nawab Sahib and Samasata. I’ll try to share photos of these buildings in a bit

  11. Umera says:
    November 7th, 2006 7:34 pm

    This is a really interesting post. As many of the other readers, I have never been to Bahawalpur and it has never been on my itinerary of places to visit in Pakistan. However, your post has changed my perspective and I hope to visit the place soon.

  12. Humaira says:
    November 7th, 2006 10:55 pm

    I am sorry this is off topic. But anyone seeing GEO TV special coverage on US elections. Adil Najam is on the coverage. He was host for a conversation with Carl Inderfuth and others and I guess will be on again. I thought he was kool.

  13. nayyar says:
    November 7th, 2006 11:47 pm

    great post
    l love to show pakistani architecture to all my american i have added bhawalpur in my list

  14. Shahid says:
    November 8th, 2006 2:08 am

    A really good piece! Being a native of Bahawalpur and old student of Sadiq Public School, i was amazed to see the nice article along with pictures on the web.

    Bahawalpur is a small and peaceful city but has developed a lot in recent times. Many people may not know that it was a province of Pakistan until One Unit was created. Later it was amalgamated in Punjab to make it bigger than other 3 provinces.

    Someone asked about visiting Fort Dera war. Fort Dera war is not opened for general public however, one can get permission to visit the fort. The permission is granted by the heir of nawab who resides in Ahmad pur (east) also called Dera Nawab Sahib(50 Km from Bahawalpur). Normally, large groups or students from universities are granted permission to visit the fort.

  15. Pervaiz Munir Alvi says:
    November 8th, 2006 10:41 am

    Roshan Malik & Shahid: Visiting Bahawalpur and Ahmadpur East, what are the best places to stay. I mean for those who do not Army and Civil officer’s connections.

  16. Roshan Malik says:
    November 8th, 2006 12:04 pm

    Alvi Sb
    Erum Hotel, Abaseen Hotel, and some guest houses. There is a nice TDCP resort at National Park Lal Sohara about 35 km away from Bahawalpur.
    You can also pull up information about Bahawalpur from TDCP webiste

  17. Khalid says:
    November 8th, 2006 12:45 pm

    Thanks Roshan for putting a great post.Pakistan should develop domestic tourism I am sure if this article and pictures would have been published in local newspaper and public would have access to visit those places,a lot of people from within Pakistan will travel to Bahawalpur.


  18. Owais Mughal says:
    November 9th, 2006 5:18 pm

    Shahid sahib
    Is it true that Dera Nawab sahib and Ahmedpur East are the same cities?

  19. November 17th, 2006 10:04 pm

    Here is a photo of Samasata Railway Station.

    Note the domed architecture which is prevalent in old Bahawalpur state buildings.

  20. Hakie Sddiqi says:
    January 7th, 2007 9:39 am

    Delighted to see these beautiful snaps of Bahawalpur’s buildings. I was born in Bahawalpur and spent some of my children leaving in the neighbourhood of Sadiq Garh Palace has left me with great memories. Roshan Sahib do you have these pictures on a website where One can download these. Kind regards.

  21. February 22nd, 2007 11:49 pm

    [...] – Lahore, Lahore Aye – The Story of Karachi – The Architecture of Bahawalpur – Karachi’s Empress Market – Travelling on the N5 – Chillianwala Chase – KhojakTunnel – Chappar Rift – Khyber Pass – Bolan Pass – Gateways of Multan – When Kabul Comes to Attock – The Lights of Quetta – The Petals of Pattoki – Kelash Culture – Mishri Morr Buss Adda – Panja Sahab at Hasan Abdal – The Temples of Katas Raj – Manora Island THE CAPS OF PAKISTAN THE TURBANS OF PAKISTAN THE CHURCHES OF PAKISTAN THE BRIDGES OF PAKISTAN THE STAMPS OF PAKISTAN THE COINS OF PAKISTAN [...]

  22. Saad Farooqi says:
    February 24th, 2007 2:19 pm

    Dear Owais Mughal

    Cycle Rickshaws have again started plying on the roads of Ahmedpur East and other adjacent towns on the orders of Lahore High Court Bahawalpur Bench. Because it is a source of income for poverty stricken and unemployed youth of the area.


  23. Owais Mughal says:
    February 24th, 2007 9:47 pm

    Saad thanks for the info. on cycle rickshaws. I didn’t know that

  24. Saad Farooqi says:
    February 25th, 2007 9:47 am

    Owais Sb.
    I would like to answer one more query made by you. Ahmedpur East and Dera Nawab Sahib are twin towns separated by cantonment. But Ahmedpur East is much lager than Dera Nawab Sahib. The railway station is named as Dera Nawab Sahib although it is situated within municipal limits of Ahmedpur East.

  25. mughaljee says:
    February 28th, 2007 11:33 am

    chonkeh khud artist hoon so art say wabasta har cheez achi lagti hay.aik bar bahawalpur anay ka ittfaq hoa hay magar koe b tarekhi amarat na dikh saka.bayshuk bhawalpur sara he khubsorat hay.i love pakistan.pakistan zindabad.

  26. Umar says:
    March 6th, 2007 11:48 pm

    Such a nice feature over the State, I got a proper way for my thesis work, actually I’m doing Master in Interior Design from NCA, Lahore and doing my Thesis on the Sleeping Beauty Castle as a PALACE HOTEL.
    I need help regarding site analysis like Plans, Photographs and other detail related to its history and its grandure.
    Please help me if you can guide me.
    Thanks alot.

  27. Ijlal says:
    March 10th, 2007 4:34 pm

    Salam i ve seen such a nice thing for the first time. can u plz send me some more pictures of Bahawalpur, specially schools colleges and Mahals and i need some more details on Sleeping Beauty Castle. i ll be grateful if u reply me on my email ijlalhaider86 its at

  28. Owais Mughal says:
    March 28th, 2007 12:24 am

    PHOTO: A vintage car belonging to Bahawalpur state being paraded on a Karachi street. photo at flickr:

  29. April 21st, 2007 8:00 am


  30. veteran says:
    June 19th, 2007 12:41 pm

    great post.loved it !

  31. ayesha sajid says:
    June 19th, 2007 3:31 pm

    My association with Bahawalpur goes as far back as 1977 when my fathers unit Probyns Horse was posted there. We were given a room in the Noor Mehel inside the cantonment and lived there for a few months before being alloted a house in the old Bilal colony.
    Since my mothers family’s migrated to Bahawalpur and settled there, there was an area named after them , Mohallah Nawaban, Raen Basera, right behind the zoo.
    The memories are so many , from the cycle rickshaws to the women who came to our homes with the embroidered clothes, from the great many lions the zoo to the Farid gate and its lights.
    After years of nursing these memories , i went back to Bahawalpur , the year before last for the Cholistan Jeep Rally with my husband.
    It was a different Bahawalpur from what i remembered. The Noor and Gulzar Mehels were much better maintained, even though they were not open for the civilian tourists , the road infront of Farid gate was wide and there were so many shops !!
    On to the rally , we camped at the base of the Great Deerawar Fort , where the family of the present Nawab (which part of the family, i have no idea as they all claim to be direct decendents)were staying. The Rally was well organised, with a tented village and fire works from top of the fort at night in addition to a cultural show.

    Good Lord , i didint mean to go on and on but Bahawalpur brings nostalgia to me, inspite of the sand dunes , it is so wellcoming and i miss the smell of the impending dust storm and the sing song dialect of every man and woman on the street !

  32. Roshan says:
    June 24th, 2007 5:30 pm

    A nice documentary by PTV
    Explore Pakistan: Bahawalpur

  33. Shahla Noaman says:
    August 2nd, 2007 7:25 pm

    i really miss my city, where i have started my schooling, completed my graduation and done my Masters in English literature, i really love to visit Bahawalpur, it is a great, impressive work done by Roshan malik sahib, keep it up sir, i miss my city here in abroad…….all my good memmories are related with that land of vast heritage and splendid culture.

  34. faheem says:
    August 3rd, 2007 3:45 pm


    i really love my city BAHAWALPUR which deserves a lot from this country as it was first independent state when pakistan became into extistance, it helped a lot to the govt. as well as people migrated in this sweet city.It is such a cool place because of nice high valued SARAIKI people who ever came never gone back settle down here.Bahawalpur STADIUM is the first stadium of pakistan but no body knows is there any stadium in Bahawalpur same like with ZOO. Never govt. of pakistan think about this matter what we people of bahawalpur want whats our rights.Every thing Bahawalpur has now it was before pakistan our great Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi did , he knew very well thats why that time he done such wounderful and amazing jobs which even cannot be done now.
    I m in englnad but i really miss my great city great SARAIKI people. BAHAWALPUR is a land of SARAIKI people so their right is first same as all over the world first nation remains always first, but we have nothing…
    INSHA-ALLAH very soon SARAIKI will get thier true right back as they deserve.

  35. basit says:
    August 30th, 2007 11:17 am

    Cycle Rickshaws have again started plying on the roads of Ahmedpur East and other adjacent towns on the orders of Lahore High Court Bahawalpur Bench. Because it is a source of income for poverty stricken and unemployed youth of the area.

  36. September 17th, 2007 4:18 am

    Bahawalpur has some of the worlds most remarkabale and rare antiquities which are still in good shape and are in the possesion of the family members of the last Nawab of Bahawalpur. We need to document and establish a trust/fund to buy back these rare artifacts from them or else they will be sold in the open market to collectors . I have heard from people that most of Silver cutlery with the famous emblem of the Bahawalpur State was being sold in small outlets of antique dealers in the Covent Garden area of London.

  37. September 20th, 2007 1:31 am

    I like this website very much because i love Bahawalpur and pakistan.Ok all pictuers of Fort,Noor Mhal and others are beautifull.I like them

  38. September 20th, 2007 1:34 am

    There are quite a few buildings which are out of bound for civilians despite their tourism value. Attock fort and qila Bala-hisar of Peshawar come to mind right away and also Noor -Mhal.Ok i like all the snaps of Bahawalpur heritage.

  39. Muhammad Amir Sabri says:
    October 9th, 2007 3:43 pm

    Tahir Yazdani Malik
    Sir, Like Bahawalpur, Sahiwal is also a land of old ages and there is a lot that can be leashed as we had already discussed. I want to contact you sir, My contact No. is 0333-6916248.
    and email is
    Hope to hear from you soon
    Take care and all the best wishes sir,
    Allah Hafiz

  40. masood says:
    October 27th, 2007 3:40 pm

    I am Masood.I am living and working in UAE but my roots are from Bahawalpur.I am literally in love with this city.When I was back home I never realized the love and affection bond being prevailed in my heart…but now I just wanna fly back my home and hangaround the Farid Gate and stuff.
    Tonite I was wondering to find this stuff about such a mismerizing and calm place.Its great indeed, priceless!!!

    As for this site…keep it up people, ITS AWESOME.


  41. irfan khan says:
    November 21st, 2007 1:15 am

    bahawalpur is so beautiful city, its historical buildings are in sage hands and gradually its beautifulness increases and making progress…
    But no civilion allow to visit there closely to see these charm.Even we are living there

  42. Roshan says:
    December 20th, 2007 4:18 pm

    Very nice documentary on Fort Derawar by PTV:

  43. Muhammad Hafeez Gull Taheem says:
    March 4th, 2008 11:09 pm

    This state is very beautiful in all the subcontinent of baresagir and all the people living with peace and happy love and the living style of the people is very beautiful their habbits. The desert of state is much beautiful and also the forts of the state are very beautiful and the emprors are very good and God gifted persons

  44. SULTAN AHMAD . says:
    March 8th, 2008 5:36 am

    My native city Bahawalpur is one of the most beautiful city of Punjab . It has many old memories . It is peaceful city . people are very hard worker . Bahawalpur is one of the stat of indopak which jion pakistan as a first .

  45. Roshan says:
    March 15th, 2008 7:53 pm

    Legendary Ride:\16\story_16-3-2008_pg13_7

  46. abeera says:
    March 26th, 2008 11:37 am

    I love bahawalpur!!!!!!!!!!
    Thanks for recognizing the beauty and grandure here.

  47. Nadeem Aslam says:
    April 2nd, 2008 1:01 am

    peaceful city in punjab and also in pakistan old and very beautiful city bahawalpur it has many historical places which by introduce these historical places we can get intension of the forners toward bahawalpur I LOVE BAHAWALPUR CITY OF NAWAZ

  48. April 5th, 2008 2:59 am

    our great city Bahawalpur is one of the stat of indopak which jion pakistan as a first .
    My native city Bahawalpur is one of the most beautiful city of Punjab . It has many old memories . It is peaceful city . people are very hard worker .
    Bahawalpur: it has many historical places which by introduce these historical places we can get intension of the forners toward bahawalpur

  49. April 5th, 2008 3:05 am

    Bahawalpur is known for its cotton, silk, embroidery, carpets, and extraordinarily delicate pottery, which is produced here.

    The Punjab Small Industries Corporation (PSIC) has established a Craft Development Center for Cholistan area, outside Farid Gate, Bahawalpur from where handicrafts manufactured in Cholistan can be purchased.

    East of Bahawalpur is the Cholistan Desert which covers an area of about 15,000 square km and extends into the Thar Desert of India.
    East of Bahawalpur is the Cholistan Desert which covers an area of about 15,000 square km and extends into the Thar Desert of India.

    Sites of interest:
    -Noor Mahal (House of the Royal Family)
    -Farid Gate
    -Bahawalpur Museum
    -Bahawalpur National Library
    -Bahawalpur Zoo
    -National Wildlife Park, Lal Sohanra

    -Noor Palace)Mausoleums
    -Channen Peer Tomb Yazman
    -Mausoleums of Haugha Sahib

  50. Irfan says:
    April 19th, 2008 2:02 pm

    Central Library Bahawalpur is one of the best and immaculately maintained library that I have seen. It has the best and some of the rarest collection of books. When I was a medical student in the nearby Quaid-e-Azam Mediacal College in the 70′s and early 80′s I used to spend a lot of time in the library. The reading rooms were so spaceous and well maintained that they used to provide us an ideal place for study.

    Later when Punjab central Library was being established in Lahore, a programme was made by the government to shift all the valuable archives of the library to a central place ie Lahore. The people of Bahawalpur, who pride this heitage of the Nawab era, took out a procession to stall the move. A museum was established in the adjoining plot to preserve these treasures.

    I dont know what happened later.

  51. Quratulain says:
    April 28th, 2008 11:59 am

    Bahawalpur is a marvellous city of Pakistan quite cool and calm city really!!!!!!!!

  52. HAROON RASHEED says:
    April 29th, 2008 3:16 am

    mera nam HAROON RASHEED he or me bahawalpur me rahta ho bwp 1 tarakhi sahar he or govermint ko chyia k bwp city pe khas twaja de or yaha ke purani bildings ko tek kry.

    May 1st, 2008 1:12 am

    Hello Dear Friends how are you i am qazi form also sama satta bahawal pur punjab pakistan.i also like my city.i am working in dubai uae but i miss my city every time .BYE QAZI M AJMAL

    May 1st, 2008 1:27 am

    My City Is interest place on the city is savecity in the pakistan this city people are beautiful looking mostly Girls .she quite and hand sam also educated but nottygirls. she playing with boys so i dont like my city girls but i like my friends.BYE

    May 1st, 2008 1:29 am

    My City Is interest place on the city is savecity in the pakistan this city

  56. May 22nd, 2008 2:26 am

    ma is city ka 1 citizen hon or mujha apna city sa bohat piyar ha is jasa city pakistan man koi or nai is city man

  57. Khawar M. Chishti says:
    May 29th, 2008 9:27 am

    Bahawalpur is the most peaceful and beautiful city of Pakistan. The last Nawab His Highness Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan V was a very learned man and he provided all type of Education to the people of his state.The Late Nawab saheb also sent the people of his state to Foreign Universities for higher Education. The beautiful palaces ,hospital, Library, Derawar Fort and many more buildings are evident of the very fine architectural taste of His Highness. The Bahawalpur stadium is the biggest sports complex of Pakistan having seprate grounds for Cricket, Hockey, Football, Tennis courts, Squash courts, Swimming Pool, wrestling compound and many others at one place. Remember this complex was made in the early 50s. The biggest and beautiful zoo is another facility which was also provided to the people of the state in early 50s. A huge and beautiful educational complex of Sadiq Public School is also a landmark of the Bahawalpur State. For providing the health facilities Bahawal Victoria Hospital was founded in 1906. The main building of this hospital is also a beautiful piece of architecture. Above all His Highness was the first nawab in the subcontinent who announced the merger of his state with Pakistan.Many people of Pakistan may not be knowing that the Rolls Royace used by the Father of the Nation Quaid e Azam and Mohtarma Fatima Jinnah were gifted by the Nawab of Bahawalpur. It is on the records that the salary of the Government of Pakistan employees for the first year was paid by Bahawalpur state.

  58. naeem says:
    June 18th, 2008 9:08 am

    Marot is very beautiful city in Pakistan.I lived in Marot about 15-16 years.I didn’t feel nervous there.Very kind people live there.I am living in England now.If you go there ask to any on my name (Muhammad Naeem Akram S/O Muhammad Akram)
    mostly people know me.If they know! tell him i am naeem’s friend.They will respect you. naeem

  59. DR SAMREEN says:
    June 20th, 2008 9:27 am



  60. ProfessorLugano says:
    June 22nd, 2008 3:34 am

    I wrote an article for chowk a number of years ago partly personal and partly historical about the Bahawalpur State era. For those of you looking for another ‘Bahawalpur fix,’ please check

  61. Owais Mughal says:
    June 22nd, 2008 11:15 am

    Dear Professor Lugano, your recommended link to’s article on Bahwalpur is very informative. Thanks for sharing.

  62. ali asghar says:
    July 3rd, 2008 6:37 am

    bahawalpur is very beautyful city

  63. sana inam says:
    July 31st, 2008 3:46 am

    m basically fro bahawal pur i juss luv to spent ma life in bahawalpur.its a nice cool place to is beautiful.i visited its all historical places.all people ov different cities must go n visit bahawalpur,thnx u.

  64. Dr.Muhammad Khalid Idrees says:
    August 12th, 2008 6:09 am

    I am Dr.MUHAMMAD KHALID IDREES. I beling to Bahawalpur. I did Matriculation from Govt.Abbasia High School in 1992, F.Sc from S.E.College Bahawalpur in 1994, MBBS from Quaid-I-Azam Medical College Bahawalpur in 2000 and worked at Bahawal Victoria Hospital Bahawalpur where i did my specialization (FCPS in Internal Medicine) in 2007. I worked at BHU Hakra and THQ khairpur Tamewali for short period of time. Now I am working at SIUT Karachi as Post-Fellow Resident in Nephrology. I really miss Bahawalpur and its sweet people. may Allah shower HIS blessings at Bahawalpur and its people.

  65. syed azher ali says:
    August 24th, 2008 4:07 pm

    hi i am old sadiqian roll no 519.1988

  66. Dr.asif burewala says:
    August 29th, 2008 8:33 am


  67. September 19th, 2008 7:22 am

    aslaom o alikum im living in bahawalpur bahawalpur is my birth place i love bahawalpur there is many historical places my hole family is sariki 0333 6386846

  68. Jawwad hameed says:
    October 25th, 2008 9:49 pm


    The Article was very well written and highlighted the culture, Asthetics and glory of Bahawalpur state! and i would like to add somethings for the readers information!
    Very few people knows that bahawalpur was the richest state among those states who merged into pakistan, and this state took the burden of whole pakistani financial system for two years, when pakistan came into being…it had own judical system, own currency, own army and last but not the least own hertiage and culture……but its unfortunate , now situation is entirely different from development point of veiw……. The people of bahawalpur is being deprived by upper punjab….All the punjab funds are given to upper punjab, beacause of baised policy makers and politians….but we still beleive in ourself, and people of bahawalpur are courigious, selfmotived, well educated,hardworking and most importantly loyal to their country! we will make this city , the role model of others, as it was in 1950′s …….InSAllha………Bahawalpur zindabad, Pakistan Zindabad

    Jawwad hameed

    student of international banking and finance, london metropolitan university , london. United kindom

  69. Dawood Ahmad says:
    February 5th, 2009 11:35 pm

    I’m a student of C.A, & from staff colony Islamia University Bahawalpur.My city Bhawalpur has a rich culture, glorious history & have great people. It requires sincere leadership currently, one who love this city & have ambition to make its present like past. We, specially young & educated generation, have to come forward for this.

  70. March 7th, 2009 3:51 pm

    I did my matriculation from F G High School Sadiq Garh Palace Dera Nawab Sb and then my two Masters from Islamia University. No doubt this website and pictures took me into past and reminded me my days i spent in teenage. Thanks for such information.

  71. Dr. Salahuddin Babur says:
    April 14th, 2009 9:03 am

    I belong to Bahawalpur since birth. I am Quadian and did my Medical Graduation in 1984. I am a Psychiatrist and worked as Head of Psychiatry in the same institution from 1989 to 1999. Now a days I am a professor and Director of Health Studies at London Graduate School and Academic Fellow of a University. My all brought up is from Bahawalpur. It is my home city. It is a beautful and excellent city with a rich culture. I love my home city.

  72. Owais Mughal says:
    April 14th, 2009 2:45 pm

    Dr. Salahuddin, thanks for stopping by and sharing your memories of Bahawalpur. What else do you remember from Bahwalpur of yesteryears. We’d like to read more of your experiences and memories.

  73. Dr. Salahuddin Babur says:
    April 17th, 2009 6:45 am

    Dear Owais Mughal: thanks for your comments.
    My father served as a teacher in S.D. High School, Bahawalpur. The Fareed gate used to call Beeka Nairee Gate. The transport from Fareed Gate to Baghdad ul Jadeed was only “Tangas and Cycle Rikshaws”. The Darbar Mahal was in use of different offices including Commissioner Office. There was single road from Bahawalpur rail station to Baghdad rail station. The people were not going to circular road after Maghrab time. Now a days this city is well develop and compete the big cities of Pakistan. But in education sector, this city is well known from very begining and is rich with renowned educational institutions including Jamia Abbasia, S.E. College and Sadiq Public School. The Bahawal Victoria Hospital celebrated its 100 year anniversary in 2006.

  74. gframesch says:
    April 28th, 2009 1:09 am


  75. June 21st, 2009 3:38 am

    I have had the oppurtunity of visiting all these buildings when I was a child and a young man. What awesome buildings these were. Noor Mahal had fountains, bronze statues, crystal chairs and wonderful interiors and pruned gardens. Sadiqgarh was simply fantastic with artifacts of immense value, darbar hall with crystal throne and chairs, gold cutlery sets, exquisite china, one of the largest chandeliers in the world, priceless furniture, unique mirrors, rare ancient clocks, a wonderful collection of finest carpets and a small museum which held in its treasures, great Saladin Ayubi’s sword. Nawab SadiqMohammad’s motorkhana was full of custom made Rolls Royces and other expensive cars. During the life time of the Amir of Bahawalpur, semblence of order was maintained despite the financial hardships but after his demise, his successors started the court battles for inheritence and these properties became disputed. During this period plunder of these properties started by any one who could lay hands on these and valueables started vanishing. Maintenance of these buildings stopped and once the beatiful buildings turned into desolate places. Hence the Army entered the scene to meet it’s need of accomodation for newly raised formations. Noor Mahal and Gulzar Mahal atleast have escaped the fate of Sadiqgarh Palace which remains totally neglected. All these buildings should be declared Heritage sites and the Nawab Sahib’s successors should agree on some arrangement to preserve their heritage. The princely families in India have created some models which Bahawal Pur family can also follow with Govt.’s support. I fully agree that the public should have access to see these historical buildings.

  76. Owais Mughal says:
    June 21st, 2009 11:03 am

    Photo of this post updated today. Ahmad Chauhan saheb, thanks for sharing your memories here.

  77. Muhammad Furqan says:
    June 29th, 2009 1:58 pm

    Realy imressive to see the heritage of Pakistan.I am living in karachi by birth but my parents belongs to bahawalpur. I have some collection of coins of Riasat Bahawapur.I been to Noor Mahal.

    Engineer Furqan

  78. Rizwan says:
    July 15th, 2009 4:00 am

    A great heritage .

    August 2nd, 2009 6:23 am


  80. M.S Amsa says:
    October 16th, 2009 9:48 pm

    Bahawalpur girls college, a place where my mother did her post graduate studies. Later my sister Husna Hamza following my mother’s foot step did the same, she is currently residing in the U.S.A but still remember those glorious days that she had spent in this college.

    M.S Amsa

  81. November 20th, 2009 6:47 am

    i live in dera nawab sahib i love my city

  82. December 4th, 2009 8:33 am

    Bahawalpur is a historical city of the Abbaside clan. The story starts from Baghdad and ends at the former state of His Highness Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan V. The city was actually established by Nawab Bahawal Khan I and he choosed its name as Bahawalpur. Before the independence of Pakistan Bahawalpur was an idenpendent state of the Abbaside Nawabs. Afterwards it joined Pakistan courtesy Nawab Sadiq Khan. But the State of Bahawalpur remained and worked as an independent state till 1970. It is a beautiful city with many historical buildings namely Noor Mahal, Sadiq Garh Palace, Dolat Khana, Darbar Mahal and Bahawalpur Library. The story of Bahawalpur tells us how did the Abbaside clan got here after their crushing defeat against Halaku Khan.

  83. Munwar Abbas Abbasi Kalhoro says:
    April 17th, 2010 12:23 pm

    salam o my relative iam also abbasi kalhoro of sindh and plz contect me my mobile number is it 03332534105 from munwar abbas abbasi tando bago district badin sindh

  84. Abdul Rasheed Abbasi says:
    May 26th, 2010 6:44 am

    Aslam-0-Alikum to All my great Bahawalpurio…

    i am Abdul Rasheed Abbasi from Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur is my birth place, My love, My life and my all things relate to My Bahawalpur.

    all your words, your feelings and even your emotions are relating to your love as you say Bahawalpur.

    Now adays, i am working on protect to Bahawalpur culture, rich and colorful traditions through establish a NGO and we will advocate Bahawalpur related issues, their hospilities, scrifies etc.

    i request to you all for praying to my efforts in this regards.

    Jeetay Raho – Amman wa Piyar ke saath

    Allah Hafiz

    Abdul Rasheed Khan Abbasi

    Cell: 0301 7498404

    June 26th, 2010 8:43 am



    August 29th, 2010 8:16 am

    Hello Friends Form SAMA SATTA

  87. HASSAN says:
    December 2nd, 2010 9:36 am

    Very good site and very nice…..

  88. Roshan says:
    January 18th, 2011 2:22 am

    Book Review: Sadiqnamah– The history of Bahawalpur State

  89. Ahmad Gharib Nawaz Khan says:
    April 8th, 2011 10:42 pm

    I belong to Bahawalpur by birth. During the tenure of my father’s police service, I had been in Qila Derawar for over one year.

    I love the Bahawalpur more than the sites I visited in Pakistan or abroad. During my school days, I had been wandering in Darbar Mahal, Dollat Khana. But now I feel that I have been restricted to some roads of Bahawalpur. I feel thirsty. I remember the days when Holywood team came in Gulzar Mahal and shooted for Moon of Dusairah in 1961-62. Those were the golden days of my childhood. I saw the make-shift bazaars in Dollat Khana where shooting of film went on for days. Prominent shopkeepers were in this make-shift bazar. I myself was in the public which was taking part in this film.

    I would request the army to give up the hold of these historical buildings and give the common public a chance to enjoy.

  90. Ahmad Gharib Nawaz Khan says:
    April 8th, 2011 10:46 pm

    I belong to Bahawalpur by birth. During the tenure of my father Saleh Mohammad Khan’s police service, I had been in Qila Derawar for over one year.

    I love the Bahawalpur more than the sites I visited in Pakistan or abroad. During my school days, I had been wandering in Darbar Mahal, Dollat Khana. But now I feel that I have been restricted to some roads of Bahawalpur. I feel thirsty. I remember the days when Holywood team came in Gulzar Mahal and shooted for Moon of Dusairah in 1961-62. Those were the golden days of my childhood. I saw the make-shift bazaars in Dollat Khana where shooting of film went on for days. Prominent shopkeepers were in this make-shift bazar. I myself was in the public which was taking part in this film.

    I would request the army to give up the hold of these historical buildings and give the common public a chance to enjoy.

  91. Roshan says:
    May 31st, 2011 2:32 am
  92. June 9th, 2011 7:55 pm

    I also belong with Bahawal Pur now. My parents lived in District Vehari but now a days we are all connected here. We like culture of Bahawal Pur .All the historical buildings are inheritance of Muslims.

  93. Muhammad ismail says:
    August 2nd, 2011 9:45 am

    I belong to Riyasat bahawalpur by birth. I love it so much, i like its culture, peoples, historical places & all things.

  94. Ahmad Ggharib Nawaz Khan says:
    September 4th, 2011 11:49 am

    How generous were the Nawabs of Bahawalpur. Here is an example from my memoires:-

    Pakistan Boys Scout Jumboori held in 1967 in Karachi. Like other my scout mates, I had been the part of this Jumboori. Our journey to Karachi was via Samasata as our coche was supposed to be added to Sindh Express, coming from upcountry.

    At Samasata Junction there had been no food arrangements. Our painting teacher Mr Zeeshan Zaidi, who resided in Samasata Railway with his brother Mr Nazir Ali, our Headmaster in Canal Colony School, arranged a dinner for our contingent from Chawni Middle School ( presently Cantonement Higher Secondary School). I have still the taste of that tasty Aalo Gosht (Potato Meat with curry).

    We reached Karachi University the next day late in the evening after a tiresome journey. Believe me, we couldn’t have seat through out our journey from Samasata to Karachi Cantonement.

    Next our jumboori started. The Governor West Pakistan, Gen. Mohammad Musa took the salute from the boys scouts of Pakistan along with the Chief Scout Commissioner H.H. Nawab Amir of Bahawalpur Brig. Mohammad Abbas Abbasi. We enjoyed this jumboori and it is still refreshed in our minds. The Nawab Amir of Bahawalpur used to pay visits to Bahawalpur Division Camp and met every member of the scouts.

    I remember my Scout Master Mr Saeed (Late), who was not onlt scout master but also a very good football coach. My other mates were Hayat, Saeed, Majeed, Haji and many more.

    Unfortunately, when were planning to start back for Bahawalpur, a countrywide railway strike was called out and we had been stuck up in Karachi University. The Nawab Amir of Bahawalpur paid a surprised visit to Bahawalpur Camp. Our Scout Masters told him that the poor scouts had no money to bear their daily expenses in case the railway strike prolonged. The Nawab Sahib generously awarded handsome amount of cash which had been distributed among the Bahawalpur Division’s Scouts. Everyone took a sigh of relief with the generosity of Nawab Sahib.

    It had been my first interface with the Late Nawab Mohammad Abbas Abbasi and everyone appraised the generosity the Nawab displayed. It was not only the financial help he extened to us but his smile and saying that in case the railway strike remains, then he would like Bahawalpur Scouts to be transported to Bahawalpur Division by Air. In those days only Rahimyar Khan Airport was functional. Once I personally happened to see The Nawab Salahuddin Abbasi, the son of Late Nawab Mohammad Abbas Abbasi. But to my surprise I did not find him of that level as of his father.

  95. A.G.N. Khan says:
    September 23rd, 2011 9:01 am

    Everyone in this world is a writer, speech maker, intellectual, observer and inventor etc. etc. Everyone requires a platform to express himself properly. Thanks to Mr Roshan Malik for providing an opportunity to express myself on this this platform.

    I was going through my mind’s archive and found very interesting things to put here about the Bahawalpur from 1956 onwards.

    I remember Fort Derawar of 1955-57 as I had been residing with my parents on some distance from the Fort. My father was posted in the Derawar Police Station as Head Constable. Somehow, he arranged a Kutcha House just before the Police Station. I played with my sisters Farzana and Aisha. I had got some friends of my age and used to go with them hunting butterflies with my toy-gun. The remains of this house can still be seen which belonged to some Shah Sahib. We had got a young deer, a flock of pigeons, hens in our big Katcha House.

    The Fort had been guarded by Nawab Sahib’s personal Army Guards wearing neat and clean Army Uniform. Ocasionaly, some cars and jeeps used to come from Dera Nawab Sahib and vanished in the Fort’s vicinity.

    There had been some grocery shops, a doctor’s clinic, a meat shop (functioning occasionally). These all located very close to the Fort and Mosque. The remaining basements of these shops still can be seen which indicate that once upon a time there had been life around here. The shop keepers were both Hindu and Muslims. There had been very good relationships among the people of those days. There was a police station, a cattle house on some distance from the Fort. There was a personal Desi Morghee Khana (poultry farm) of Khawaja Sahib from where eggs and meat needs were met. The poor local people used to raise their own animals and poultry farms. The Milk, Desi Ghee, Makhan (butter), eggs, Lasi were freely available.

    For water needs, there had been two water reservoirs, fed by rain water, namely Katcha, Pakka. From Pakka, the drinking water needs were supposed to be met and from Katcha, the laundry and cattle’s needs. These water reservoirs still exist. The Pakka is located near the Fort and Katcha just before the Mosque’s front door. My respectable father Saleh Mohammad Khan (Late) , arranged a wooden board and used to rowing in the Katcha. On holidays mango parties were arranged and my father and his friends, including Mosque’s Maulvi Sahib alias Dandka (wooden ruler) would enjoy the rowing and mango parties. In those days only men were supposed to participate.

    There was a Madressah School where I started learning.

    I think those were the golden ending era of Derawar Fort. In 1990-91 I happened to visit this place. Everything vanished. The people had gone. I requested some local person for Lasi. To my astonishment, he told me that due to severe water shortage they had not left any such luxuries.

    I government pay full attention the glory of this place can be restored. The Fort may be repaired and refurbished to attract the visitors.

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