The Pakistani Rickshaw

Posted on August 22, 2007
Filed Under >Owais Mughal, Humor, Science and Technology, Society
Total Views: 58794


Owais Mughal

ATP has written in the past about the QINGQI and about rickshaw drivers; it is now time to do an indepth analysis of the Pakistani motor rickshaw.

The motor- (sometimes auto-) rickshaw was invented by the Reverend Jonathan Scobie, an American Baptist minister living in Yokohama, Japan. The first model was built in 1869 in order to transport his handicapped wife. Today it remains as one of the most important modes of transportation in Pakistan where it was first seen on August 14, 1947. Before that it was not possible to see it in Pakistan.

The three- wheel- design of a rickshaw provides it a better road grip than a bicycle. It also provides gasoline savings when compared with a 4-wheeler taxi and green salad saving when compared with a 4-legged horse. When in need of repairs, the three-wheel structure also helps in lifting it from any side. When a side is lifted, it conveniently sits down on the other two while a mechanic goes looking for underbelly mechanical faults.

Pilot seat:

A rickshaw is a perfect example of a compact automobile design. The driver practically sits on a bench seat which is strategically placed on top of the engine. This causes inductive heat transfer between man and machine and keeps the engine cool. The same however, cannot be said for the driver’s butt. The presence of a hot engine underneath, keeps a driver cozy during winters and boiling during summers. It is literally one heck of a hot seat to sit on. The advantage of a bench seat is manifold. A driver uses it to his own advantage to slide from one corner to the other depending on whichever side gives him a better view.

Driver’s Ergonomics.

A rickshaw is immaculately designed to keep a driver relaxed during long hours. This has been accomplished by limiting the driving controls to both hands and a leg only. This keeps one leg of the driver free which he can dangle around when tired. Many of us must have seen the common practice where a tired driver lifts one of his legs and conveniently places it on top of the dash-board while still driving the rickshaw.

Rickshaw Starting Mechanism:

The height of automotive engineering is the design of rod (danda) start mechanism of the rickshaw engine. A 3 feet long lever is put on the floor of the rickshaw. To start the engine, a driver bends down to the side and lifts one end of this ‘danda’ in a quick swift motion. Look at the photo to the right. If everything else is right then the engine starts. Otherwise the whole exercise of ‘danda’ lifting is repeated as many times as needed.

Passengers Foot-hold.

While a rickshaw floor’s mean height above sea level is less than 2 feet, a one-step foot hold is nonetheless provided on the passenger side of the cabin. I’ve never seen anyone using it but it is a detail important enough not to be missed out in this analysis. Most of the passengers bypass this one-step climbing assistance and put their first step directly inside the passenger cabin.

Head lamp.

Rickshaw comes with a single headlamp. The light emanating from this headlamp is usually just enough that other people can see that something is on-coming but a rickshaw driver doesn’t see anything. Its luminescence makes one constantly reminded of Elton John’s song ‘candle in the wind’

Laws of Reflection.

A rickshaw driver usually adorns his rickshaw with a multiple array of reflective mirrors.

If a ray of light enters a rickshaw once, it gets trapped and it takes a while for it to get out after being internally reflected many times. These mirrors are placed by the driver to his own strategic advantage. If a passenger is to his liking then these mirrors help the driver to keep an eye on the passenger from many different angles.

Small is Big.

I have never seen a group of people denied a rickshaw ride just because of their numbers. It can fit them all including luggage.

Many times one can see a family chilling out in the passenger cabin while their younger ones sharing driver’s cabin with the driver. If a rickshaw picks up passengers from a railway station, luggage is easily placed in driver’s cabin.

Flat Tire Replacement.

In case of a flat tire adversity, a rickshaw comes fully equipped with a mechanical jack. This jack is in the shape of a rectangular sheet-metal of roughly 12″x 24″ dimension. The simplicity of design here beats all modern hydraulic and geared jack designs. A rickshaw driver simply tilts his rickshaw on a side, inserts this sheet metal plate for support and changes the tire. The whole process of tilting a rickshaw and inserting the jack takes less than 10 seconds.

Where is Rickshaw’s Center of Gravity?

The correct answer is, where ever the rickshaw driver wants it to be. The greatness of Rickshaw design lies in defying the geometrical axioms.

The Amphibian Rickshaws

I guess, I’ll let the following photos speak for themselves.

Our Food Supply Depends on Rickshaw Transportation

Following photos say it all. In the photo to the right, a person even has his bare foot dug in Chicken meat.

Rickshaw As a Place to Rest

The Rickshaw Driver Culture.

Over the years certain etiquettes have evolved among rickshaw drivers. A passenger cannot just walk into an empty rickshaw and sit. He/She has to take driver’s permission first. The magic question to ask is “Is rickshaw empty?” (rickshaw khali hai?). This question must be asked even if a rickshaw is visibly empty because depending on his mood a driver at anytime may declare a visibly empty rickshaw as occupied. Then there is no question of arguing. Rickshaw drivers have also mastered the sign language. If a rickshaw is empty then instead of saying ‘yes’ a driver usually moves his neck towards the passenger cabin in a long swooshing motion. This means rickshaw is empty. Please get in.

The Rickshaw Terminals

Every major city of Pakistan has Rickshaw terminals where these three-wheelers are rested or repaired. Take a look at following four photos.

Rickshaw Towing – No Prroblem

When a rickshaw is disabled, towing it to mechanic is no problem. Donkeys, humans and other rickshaws have been traditionally used to tow a sick rickshaw to a mechanic.

Mirror of Society.

Rickshaws are also a mirror of our society. Rickshaw drivers use back of the rickshaw as their scrap book. It displays their favorite poetry, puzzling questions, messages to other drivers, etc. I don’t remember seeing any rickshaw ever without anything written on its back side. Some of these comments are a running commentary on our society’s social and economic fabric. Take a look at 5 sample rickshaw messages:

mein baRa ho kar Corolla banooN ga

malik ki gaaRi, driver ka paseena
chalti hai road par bun ka haseena

kabhi aao na Karachi, khashbo laga ke

Daalar ki talaash

uff baji, rickshaw gayee

Photo Credits: Some photos for this article are courtesy of Mr. Muhammad Ali Musa who is a Quetta based Professional Photographer.

1. Rickshaw for transporting Fresh Chicken meat,
2. Rickshaw as a moving billboard,
3. Rickshaw transporting another Rickshaw,
4. Rickshaw Transporting a bakra (goat), and
5. Rickshaw for transporting People
6. A Virtual Rickshaw Ride
7. CNG Rickshaws in Pakistan

43 Comments on “The Pakistani Rickshaw”

  1. mansoor says:
    July 21st, 2006 1:34 am

    Dear adil and owais!! wonderful!! absolutely wonderful post!!

    I’ll be cross posting this one on karachi metblogs as well! its just the thing i was looking for and thinking about writing a [piece myself :)

  2. Roshan Malik says:
    July 21st, 2006 2:18 am

    These rickshaws have portable doors, which they use in winter. The driver holds the door to help the passenger to sit in the cabin. Sometimes it is inscribed on the door “Please slam the door slowly- thanks (Darwaaza Aahista Bund Karain-Shukria)”. The drivers hardly use the indicators for turning left or right, rather wave their hand towards that direction long before taking the turn.
    The decoration of rickshaw is different in various cities. Quetta is famous for decorated rickshaws. In Karachi, their passenger cabin is half open from the back side.
    There are some interesting messages too!!
    Acha Dost Phir Milain Gay
    Rozee Ki Talaash
    Neelum Paree

  3. iFaqeer says:
    July 21st, 2006 4:16 am

    After agonizing about whether to introduce this expostion on the Rickshaw blog or now, I have decided to put a link to it on the links list at that site.

    I really want to keep purely for the “word art” of the Rickshaw. I did bend the rules for a very recent post (Friday, July 21, 2006); but that was because it was a picture that personified one of my favourite Rickshaw slogans.

  4. Naveed says:
    July 21st, 2006 4:53 am

    roshan, you are right…the messages are pretty sweet…i posted on this once on my blog but with problems persisting with blogspot it is harder to post the blogs. adil bhai has provided the outlet so he comes to rescue :)

    the message that i loved are

    “baRee ho kar carolla banoon gee” (i will grow up to be a corolla)

    “kadee kadee tay milaya kar, duniya day kum ee naeem mukday” (atleast sometimes, you should take some time from your daily chores to meet me)…obviously addressed to the ever elusive lover)

    two days ago, i saw the classic by momin khan momin

    tum mairay pass hotay ho goya
    jab koee doosra naheen hota

    somehow this on a rickshaw has a surreal effect

  5. Jay says:
    July 21st, 2006 6:43 am

    The CNG powered Rickshaws are suppose to be starting up soon in Karachi.

  6. July 21st, 2006 8:44 am

    I have had some tremendous experiences in the rickshaw. What with bein thrown overboard while the driver tried to do a 90degree turn at more than 50 km per hour. And then there was my father making me carry 2 goats (yes, 2 real live goats) in a rickshaw because the suzikis typicaly used to bring them back during sacrifice season were not available for some time….

    Gosh – brings back some amazing memories. I still take a rickshaw at least once when I am in Pakistan, and if any foreign friends visit, a drive to Clifton in a rickshaw is a must!

    These rickshaws (mostly 2-stroke engines used in them) are also extremely polluting. But I hope some of the solutions I am, and some others are working on, will help alleviate that problem.

  7. Aziz Akhmad says:
    July 21st, 2006 11:15 am

    Anwar Masood, the funny Punjabi poet, had written a delightful peom about a Rikshaw ride in Lahore. Can any one please reproduce it here?

  8. Franz says:
    July 21st, 2006 12:12 pm

    Finally I’ve come upon a machine with an even simpler daily repair ritual than my 1983 honda prelude.

  9. July 21st, 2006 2:11 pm

    Folks, I just wanted to enccourage people (especially those interested in Rickshaw ‘poetry’) to visit the Rickshaw blog at

    It is a wonderful resource and really interesting read…. collection of great lines as read on rickshaws

    In fcat, that blog and its wares also made it into print in the magazine ‘Spider’…. see

    So, is well worth the visit

  10. Pervaiz M. Alvi says:
    July 21st, 2006 2:54 pm

    Try kissing your girl friend—read female interest— in a rickshaw on the bumpy roads of Lahore suburbs while both of you skipping school and rickshaw driver stopping in the middle of your anxious momemts along the roadside demanding double fare for him to be getting along with your little joy ride.

  11. Ahmer says:
    July 21st, 2006 4:42 pm

    main ne bhi richshow deakha tha… us k peeche likha tha…. ai richshow tujhay kasam hai, himmat na haarna…. jitni bhi jumpain aain, has has k guzaarna……lol

  12. Owais Mughal says:
    July 21st, 2006 9:54 pm

    I can relate to Bilal Zuberi’s experience of transporting live goats in a Rickshaw on the eve of eid-ul-azha.

    Couple of new rickshaw writings that I just saw yesterday on a video are:

    (1) aai samajh !

    (2) ba-kamaal log, la-jawaab service


  13. Aziz Akhmad says:
    July 21st, 2006 10:47 pm

    Talking of rickshaw writings, the one I found most amusing was: “Overtake mera nakhra, speed meri majboori”.

  14. July 21st, 2006 11:14 pm

    Aziz, that one is just perfect

    Owais et al., here is another great photograph of rickshaws:

  15. Ramesh Balakrishnan says:
    July 22nd, 2006 10:35 am

    Gentlemen – In India, I believe they hold an autorickshaw challenge. Some interesting details on this website.

  16. haroon says:
    September 12th, 2006 6:46 pm

    Another great post. Rickshaws are so much a part of what is truly Pakistan. They should be named the ‘national automobile of Pakistan’ :-)

  17. Jose says:
    October 9th, 2006 12:56 am

    Very interesting. We have these in Phillipines too.

  18. Owais Mughal says:
    December 28th, 2006 12:52 am

    Yesterday, I took a very prestigious rickshaw ride from my home to Block B North Nazimabad. The return journey of 8 km a wait period of 30 minutes for the driver cost me Rs 70. The rickshaw driver was very philosophical. At the time of negotiating the fare he said:

    “bus-ji jo munasib ho de dena. ab yehaN koi kisee ka haq to nahiN marta naa. jis ki qismat meiN jo hai woh milay ga”

    This answer kept me thinking what should be the right fare. Am I taking away his ‘huqooq’ etc ? :) Anyways he didn’t complain at Rs 70 so I think i gave too much

    Anyways, I also saw following sayings written on Raickshaws on Karachi streets yesterday.

    1) ‘Brake’ be wafa

    2) ‘Speed’ meri jawani, ‘Over take’ mera nakhra

    3) ye hi ek khilaRi

    I’ll report more as I observe more in coming days :)

  19. Raza Rumi says:
    August 23rd, 2007 1:32 am

    Owais Bhai
    This is a brilliant post – great pictures, snippets and witty lines. Captures the essence of daily life with rickshaws..
    And, rickshaw art is a genre by itself.

  20. shez says:
    August 23rd, 2007 1:32 am

    Owais, i think you got off pretty cheap for a 16km ride and a 30 minute wait, last time i was in a rickshaw a couple of months ago was from Block C N.Nazimabad to Aga Khan Hospital and that cost me 100 Rs.

    The return ticket was priced the same…and this too after some bargaining.

    anyways something i once saw and cant seem to get out of my head:

    “Ungli (Finger) katti tau khoon nikla
    Woh Yaah kya jo be-wafa nikla”

  21. Adnan Ahmad says:
    August 23rd, 2007 2:04 am

    “Rickshaw drivers use back of the rickshaw as their scrap book.”

    I remember we used to read them and even talk about them. But I cannot forget one rickshaw that had only one word written on it and it was:


    It’s hard to express how deep this can go.

    On a side, I had been away on a jaunt so a belated congrats on your 100th, Owais. At an appropriate time please do post your piece on Tea again; it is my all time favorite.

  22. okha_jatt says:
    August 23rd, 2007 8:00 am

    Wow great post. Here are some of the interesting quotes from the back of rickshaws in Lahore:

    Pichay pichay aanda meri chaal vehnda jaein
    (famous song of Mussarat Nazir)

    Malangni Data di
    Sajjan Beparwah

    Sometimes, rickshaw drivers also put their names on the scrap book and they are also worth noting:

    Butt Shehzada
    Achhuu Prince etc.

    Butt Shehzada

  23. August 23rd, 2007 9:24 am

    wow owais what a post man. so detailed hahaha. great piece of work!

  24. Akif Nizam says:
    August 23rd, 2007 2:27 pm

    Amusing post ! I just returned from Pakistan last night and I did notice a pretty funny line on a rickshaw last week:

    ” Maa kee dua ….. jannat kee hawa
    Baap kee dua …… chal beta rickshaw chala ” .

  25. August 23rd, 2007 2:55 pm

    And my personal favourite…

    ‘tussi lang jao, saadi khair ayy’

    which roughly translates into ‘you can overtake me, i’ll be fine’

  26. Qaisrani says:
    August 24th, 2007 10:58 am

    There is another interesting use of the free leg of the driver that is often seen on the road – Pushing out-of-order cars to the nearby workshop. This scene is quite interesting; driver uses hands and a leg to drive and fully stretches his free leg to push the car.

  27. Brown Man says:
    August 24th, 2007 4:24 pm

    What a great article. South Asia is flooded with rickshaws and although it seems to be an eye sore at times, it is easy to forget how it keeps less fortunate employed, it is a great form of affordable transportation. The rickshaw has become an icon or a symbol of South Asia. I commend all those that bear the insane traffic jams. I paid tribute to the rickshaw at the following link if you’re interested:

  28. August 24th, 2007 4:56 pm

    I recently went Go Karting at the Playdium (Mississauga, Canada) and enjoyed it thoroughly even though it was an obscene $4 per lap. The ride was amazing. A small rear mounted electricity generator size engine responded without delay everytime i pressed the gas pedal. With a helmet on my head and the air splashing into my face i figured this was the closest i had come to an exciting ride.

    The whole experience though kept reminding me of another similar experience i had a long time ago but i just couldnt pin when or where. After reading this article i now know the past experience i had been searching for was ofcourse the rickshaw rides i grew up with. :)

  29. Babar says:
    August 25th, 2007 6:46 pm

    In lahore I have seen quite a bit humor in how the rikshaw drivers speak. Once I asked a rikshaw driver how much will you take for a certain place. And his reply was ” waise tu 100 bante hain lakin app ke ikhlaq se mutasir ho ke 90 le loon ga”.
    And I had shown no ikhlaq so far just a plain question in monotone :)
    Also If you ask how much is the fare for a certain place, the first sentence you will surely hear is “jo jaiz ho” .No matter what, they start the negotiation with that time honoured phrase.
    Also they invariably call the men as bhaijan and ladies as baji ji no matter what is the age of the driver or the person addressed.
    As opposed to the tanga walla’s (when they existed, and yes I do remember their times) who always addressed to the ladies as “Bi Bi”.

  30. Owais Mughal says:
    August 25th, 2007 9:58 pm

    Interesting comment Babar. made me smile :) I know very well that ‘jo jaaiz ho’ negoatiation trick. It keeps the passengers guessing if he/she is offering ‘jaaiz’ enough fare or is he/she being an exploiter :) In order to appear ‘nice’ and upholder of ‘jaaiz’ things in society, a passenger ends up paying more :)

  31. Owais Mughal says:
    August 27th, 2007 11:47 pm

    One more rickshaw sher:

    kia baat hai ke khat aana bund hai
    pyar kam ho gaya ya daak-khaana bund hai


  32. Owais Mughal says:
    November 26th, 2007 11:30 pm

    Photo of a 4-stroke CNG rickshaw on a Karachi road here

  33. December 19th, 2007 12:59 am

    The rickshaw can use for travlling, it is basically use by the poor persons.

  34. Dev Naeck says:
    January 15th, 2009 1:10 pm

    Dear Sir/Madam,

    Can you send me a list of manufacturers and major/reliable suppliers of rickshaw?

    Thanks and kind regards
    Dev Naeck

  35. February 8th, 2009 12:43 am

    Fuel Consumption and Environmental Impact of Cycle Rickshaw Bans in Dhaka

    Most trips in Dhaka are short in distance, usually one to five kilometers. These trips are perfect of Rickshaws. Rickshaws are cheap and popular mode of transport over short distances. Rickshaws are safe, environmentally friendly and do not rely on fossil fuels. Rickshaws support a significant portion of the population, not only the pullers, but also their families in the villages, the mechanics who fix the rickshaws, as well as street hawkers who sell them food. From the raw materials to the finished product the Rickshaw employs some 38 different professions. Action needs to be taken to support the Rickshaw instead of further banning it in Dhaka. The combined profits of all Rickshaws out earn all other passenger transport modes (bus, rail, boats and airlines) combined. In Dhaka alone, Rickshaw pullers combine to earn 20 million taka a month.

    We think that over the coming holiday of Eid du Ajah, new Rickshaw bans will be put into action on roads in Dhaka. Eid was used in the past to place new bans on roads in Dhaka. Last Eid many roads were declared Rickshaw free without public support or approval. By banning Rickshaws roads are clogged with increased private car use as well as increased parking by cars. Banning of Rickshaws on major roads increases the transportation costs for commuters. Not only due to longer trips to avoid roads with bans in effect, but also due to actually having to take more expensive forms of transport such as CNG or Taxi, where in the past a Rickshaw would suffice. The environmental impact of banning Rickshaws is obvious because it exchanges a non-motorized form of transport for a motorized form of transport, thus increasing the pollution and harming the environment. Rickshaw bans harm the most vulnerable in society, mainly the sick, poor, women, children and the elderly; generally those who can not afford or do not feel comfortable on other forms of public transport. To ban Rickshaws also hurts small businesses that rely on them as a cheap and reliable form of transporting their goods. Rickshaws are ideal for urban settings because they can transport a relatively large number of passengers while taking up a small portion of the road. In 1998 the data showed that Rickshaws took up 38% of road space while transporting 54% of passengers in Dhaka .

    The private cars on the other hand, took up 34% of road space while only transporting 9% of the population (1998 DUTP). This data does not include the parking space on roads that cars take up in Dhaka . If included this would further raise the amount of space taken up by private cars. Every year the Rickshaw saves Bangladesh 100 billion taka in environmental damage.

    The government makes many efforts to reduce traffic congestion in Dhaka but with no success. Blaming Rickshaws for traffic congestion and subsequently banning them from major roads has not had the desired affect. Traffic is still as bad now as it was before the Rickshaws were banned on major roads. Rickshaws thus can not be seen as the major cause of traffic congestion. Instead one should look towards private cars and private car parking on roads as the major cause of traffic congestion. The space gained by banning Rickshaws is often used for private car parking. The current trend in transport planning reduces the mobility of the majority for the convenience of the minority. The next time a ban on Rickshaws on another road is discussed please take into consideration who is being hurt and who is being helped.

    For a better transport system in Dhaka we need to create a city wide network of Rickshaw lanes. If this is done Dhaka can reduce its fuel usage dramatically as well its pollution. We ask your help in our fight to keep Dhaka a Rickshaw city. Any information or help is very much appreciated and sought after. I write you this letter to describe the difficulties we are facing and some solutions but they are by no means exhaustive and we look forward to your help and input.

    Volunteer of Save Environment Movement

  36. February 8th, 2009 12:51 am

    Economic and other impact of ban on NMT pullers

    The HDRC study found various impacts on NMT pullers (rickshaws, vans and handcarts)

    when comparing their situation before and after the ban. These include:

    1. Average monthly net income of rickshaw pullers decreased by 32%, from3,834 to 2,600 taka (see Table 1 and Figure 1 below). Overall, income forNMT pullers declined by 34%.

    2. The amount of money sent back to their villages also declined following theban. Before the ban, on average rickshaw pullers spent 64% of net incomeand sent the rest (36%) to his village. Following the ban, the amount spent inDhaka decreased by 27%, while the amount sent to the village decreased by41%. Similar patterns follow for other NMT pullers (see Table 1 and Figure2).

    3. Pullers compensated for loss of income by reducing food consumption,particularly of fish, meat, and cooking oil: for NMT pullers overall, 85.9%decreased their consumption of fish, 87.5% decreased consumption of meat,65.1% decreased consumption of cooking oil, and over half (55.3%) decreasedconsumption of vegetables.

    4. There was an increase in the number of income earners in the family from 1.24to 1.37. This suggests that some children have been taken out of school tocompensate for lost income, or that the burden on wives of the pullers havefurther increased as they must earn money as well as do all the family andhousehold labor.

    5. Average number of working days per month for NMT pullers increased by1.1 days (from 23.67 to 24.78 days a month), and for rickshaw pullers by 1.3days (from 23.18 to 24.44 days a month).

    6. Average number of working hours per day also increased, from 10.33 to 10.97hours overall, and from 10.16 to 10.70 for rickshaw pullers.

    7. More rickshaw pullers worked full-day than half-day shifts: 60.5% after theban, and 56.7% prior to the ban; the figures overall were 65.1% after the banand 61.5% prior to it.

    8. Only about 5% of pullers reported a second income, and that second incomewas insufficient to compensate for the loss of income from the ban.

    9. Almost all the pullers (81.6% overall) were affected by loss of income; 86.1%of van pullers reported decreased income.

    10. Although HDRC recommends training in driving of MT for displaced pullers,only 1.6% of pullers overall suggest that they be provided MT driver training,while 55.9% asked for alternative rehabilitation and 31.6% suggestedconstruction of special lanes for NMT. Similarly, while only 6% wanted analternative profession in MT, 36% would like to take on petty trading, 27%return to agriculture, and 23% take on day labour.4

    1. Only 4% of pullers supported NMT withdrawal on other major arterial roads;fears expressed by them included hardship for the pullers and their families,and concern that the move would lead to further deterioration of the law andorder situation in the country in general and Dhaka in particular.

    source: Improving Dhaka

  37. Qausain says:
    March 19th, 2009 3:25 pm

    Zabardast post hay Pakistani Rickshaw kay baray main..

    //If a ray of light enters a rickshaw once, it gets trapped and it takes a while for it to get out after being internally reflected many times. These mirrors are placed by the driver to his own strategic advantage. If a passenger is to his liking then these mirrors help the driver to keep an eye on the passenger from many different angles.//
    ^ ROFL

    Small is Big.

  38. Owais Mughal says:
    April 5th, 2009 12:03 am

    I found this photo album at flickr which has photos of writings on Pakistani vehicles including a few from rickshaws. See here

  39. Aleem ul Haq says:
    May 5th, 2009 1:26 pm

    List of Rickshaw manufacturers in Pakistan licensed by Government

  40. david says:
    March 10th, 2010 7:22 pm

    can anyone give me an idea of the numbers of 2-stroke Rickshaws still running around Pakistan? are there bans in other cities of 2-strokes as well? are they mostly one manufacturer?

  41. Owais Mughal says:
    March 24th, 2010 3:45 pm

    Here is another unique use of rickshaw

  42. September 4th, 2010 3:13 am

    We are ZIPSTAR motor-rickshaw manufacturing co.,ltd
    we produce quality auto-rickshaw.
    welcome contact

  43. September 6th, 2015 9:51 am

    [...] Read/View more: The Pakistani Rickshaw [...]

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