Shandur Festival: Polo at the Roof of the World

Posted on July 7, 2008
Filed Under >Manzoor Ali Shah, Culture & Heritage, Sports, Travel
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Manzoor Ali Shah

The 2008 edition of Pakistan’s famous Shandur Polo festival starts today. It will continue for three days. This polo tournament, organized by Gilgit and Chitral polo clubs, will be played at Shandur Pass which is considered as the the highest Polo Ground in the World.

Shandur PoloShandr PoloShandur PoloShandur Polo

The game of polo has been played for a long time in the world, but in Pakistan it sometimes assumes mythical importance

Pakistan’s northern areas are famous for their natural beauty. They have awe-inspiring mountains, serene lakes, roaring rivers and gigantic glaciers. But the game of polo attracts many a visitor to the region for reasons other than watching nature’s munificence.

Polo is one of the oldest games played in the world. And the northern areas are known for the kind of polo played here. Every year, in the second week of July, polo teams from Chitral and Gilgit face each other in Shandur — the world’s highest polo ground. This event dates back to old colonial times when in the ‘30s a British political agent, Maj Evelyn Cobb, who was fond of playing the game in the moonlit Shandur, initiated polo matches in the area.

Shandur The photo on the right shows Shandur valley. This photo is courtesy of Kamran Safdar at

The Shandur pass is situated about 3,738 metres above sea level and lies between Gilgit and Chitral. It is 147 km from Chitral and 211 km from Gilgit. In the winter, it remains frozen due to the heavy snowfall that engulfs everything beneath its white blanket. At the end of the spring season, this area — a plateau among the Hidukush Mountains — becomes a lush green land. And the greenery with galloping horses, the zealous spectators and the tent city in the high Hidukush underneath the open skies in the background of the Shandur Lake, present a magical view.

As Shandur has a mythical importance in Chitrali folklore, it is said that it is the abode of the fairies (Shhawanan), and at night these fairies come down to the lake and splash its water.

Nowadays, open air cultural festivities, including dance shows and concerts, are held here during nighttime as part of polo matches in which maestros from Gilgit and Chitral enthral the audiences with their performances. And during daytime, polo matches catch the public’s attention.

An international polo match is divided into six chukkers (circles), each is seven-and-a-half-minute long. And an umpire, riding a horse, monitors the game. Usually, one team consists of three or four players. The polo played in the northern areas is different in many respects from international polo. Here, the game is divided into two stints of 25 minutes each with a break of 10 minutes between them. Unlike international polo, one cannot change one’s horse — only if the horse receives serious injuries. Rules are few and there is no referee or umpire. The only official is a time-keeper. There are 12 players, six from each team. A player can hit his opponent with his mallet, give him a push, and run over his opponent’s horse. And the 12 players pursue the ball in such a frantic manner that it leaves spectators in awe. Generally, a swollen face, a bandaged head or a limping horse shows that the match was interesting enough.

Polo originated in Persia in 500BC. Polo is basically a Balti word, meaning ball. In Persian it is known as “Chowgan”. Initially, polo was played as part of the training of imperial cavalry guards. From Persia, polo spread into far-flung lands like China, Japan, Egypt, and Byzantine and became a royal pastime. Even in the subcontinent, it is said that Sultan Qatubudin Abik died after falling off a pony while he was playing polo. In China, the death of a court favourite during a polo match in 910 made the king order the beheading of all players. In the 13th century, polo was in vogue in Central Asia after being introduced there by Muslim conquerors. From Central Asia, perhaps, it made inroads into the northern areas of Pakistan.

Chitral, Gilgit, and the northern areas are the places where polo is played in its age-old style. How much the people of these region love this game can be judged from the fact that in the northern areas in the heart of each village and locality we find a polo ground. It is obviously a sacrifice keeping in view the scarcity of land. As in the case of Chitral, 70 per cent of the population lives below the poverty line and earns less than Rs 5,000 a month. Their lavish spending on polo shows that these poor people consider this game something mythical.

When a polo match starts, local musicians play traditional tunes. When a goal is scored, the player who has scored it gallops towards the centre line holding the ball in his right hand, and on reaching the centre line tosses the ball into the air and hits it with his mallet while in the background musicians play a special tune for him. This is called Thompq in Chitral.

A version of this article also appeared in Dawn of July 30, 2006.

18 Comments on “Shandur Festival: Polo at the Roof of the World”

  1. Shaji says:
    July 7th, 2008 4:39 am

    There is so much more to Polo than just this… Write more!!!

  2. Saghir says:
    July 7th, 2008 5:12 am

    Very nice and timely post. Thank you for highlighting this. One of my dreams has always been to be able to go to the Shandur festival.

    (TO previous comment, if you think this is not enough, why don’t you write yourself, otherwise no point in keeray nikanla.)

  3. Mansoor says:
    July 7th, 2008 5:29 am

    Good post. I too, like many of us, want one day to be there to witness the game live. Polo intrigues me; in Pakistan it is played either by select few (because of the depth of pockets it require-no offense intended) or at Shandur by the people who manage to eek out living with great struggle. Few ‘middle class’ may also play the game who happen to find their way to polo grounds through teams sponsored by Army and other organizations.

    It is so good that despite all the mayhem that we have around us nowadays, this festival continues with all its traditional cultural shows etc. I hope it continues that way. I think this is the greatest summer festival that we have.

  4. Shaji says:
    July 7th, 2008 5:58 am

    Oh if only you can be a few feet from the edge when the horses gallop past you… the ground shakes under your feet, you cannot but feel the thrill of the game. Its brutal in its simplicity and lack of rules. Much more akin to Bushkushi from the Afghans, devoid of any British touch.

    There is so much more to Shandur than just this. Its the fight between Chitral and Gilgit that has been raging on for ages. Every year they gather here to fight it out after spending most of their hard earned money on keeping their horses fit. It was only until after Zardari that the general public finally caught on to it through media, otherwise in the early days there was but a few hundred locals and a few outsiders who would be camping there.

    There was a documentary on National Geographic while back where they traced the import of a horse from Argentina, and how the local trainers bred and trained the offsprings to become the horses for the teams.

    Just yesterday I read the July edition of Time where they had a similarly smallish article on Shandur and Polo

    I’m also saying this because ATP is probably the only place on the whole net, where such things can be well documented and preserved with passion rather than the bland Wikipedia style.

  5. July 7th, 2008 7:49 am

    Polo is a great game. We all love it. We also love co-chairman Zardari, who is so passionate about it, and other healthy activities in Pakistan. Please also see:

    I Love Polo

  6. Azam says:
    July 8th, 2008 4:53 am

    Sadly, because of the tragedy in Islamabad and Karachi this excellent post got buried. But thank you for highlighting this important event.

  7. Rafay Kashmiri says:
    July 9th, 2008 2:59 pm


    only five photos, but LAJAWAAB landscape !!

    Goya, jannat mein ham agaiey !!

  8. Ali says:
    July 10th, 2008 6:08 am

    Its lovely in pictures and in media and i hope it would be more beautiful in real…
    I wish i could go there…

  9. Amina says:
    July 10th, 2008 11:21 am

    My lifelong wish in terms of tourism in Pakistan is also to visit the Shandur festival.

    I hear that despite everything else going on in the country the festival webnt well again this year.

  10. amina from the north says:
    July 10th, 2008 9:02 pm

    I am from the north Pakistan and currently living in US. I miss back home, when ever I tell my friends about home(north Pakistan) they asked me if it is safe their, it makes me really sad how bad image Pakistan have in the west, I show them picture of my area, tell them stories that how beautiful it is in north Pakistan. Now I am doing my internship in Pakistan embassy . I hear all my Pakistani friends complain about the Pakistan

  11. fauzia says:
    July 10th, 2008 10:01 pm

    my dear amina, i share your thoughts..i am from puniyal, gilgit and have been living in the US for the past 16 yrs..i miss our mountains and our northern are right we do not have proper representation in pakistan? northern areas legislative council is all we have..yet our brothers gave their lives in theNLI and the wasteland of kargil.

  12. Belal Fouzi says:
    July 16th, 2008 6:43 am


    I am from Islamabad, but i live in Kuwait. Yes there is no representation of Pakistan outside. N i am confuse to whom i blame for this,….

  13. Amna says:
    July 16th, 2008 10:13 am

    Like many others I would also love to attend one of these. Govt should try to make it easier to get there to witness this festival

  14. VEDow says:
    July 25th, 2008 11:02 pm

    Thanks for the post – love to watch polo (international) and knew about the Gilgit-Chitral yearly match from a series on the Himalayas. Do hope some day the world will be in a state where I can visit your mountains- I can only imagine them as beyond description.

  15. September 28th, 2008 4:49 am is the official website of STC which hosts Shandur Polo festival every year

  16. FYSAL says:
    April 3rd, 2009 12:52 pm

    i wish to go Shandoor.. i love Skerdu..realy.. ahh..realy want to go there..

  17. Yasir says:
    May 10th, 2009 12:24 pm

    Dear Amina & fouzia,

    I’ve recently visited Gilgit and adjacent areas (Mar 09). These places are really beautiful and worth watching. The people are very hospitable and there is no issue of being unsafe there.
    I really appreciate ur gesture about Pakistan Amina. I feel the same in Gilgit but i must told you ppl are not separate from us. u are a part of us. Gilgit is as important as Karachi is. I can show you several important cities and sites which are in the mainstream but no development has been done so far from last 60 years. Actually we have scarcity of true leaders. Current leaders are looking for their benefits not people benefits.
    Pak Army is the true picture of unity. No one is Balti, Punjabi, Pashtun etc. in Pak Army. They are Pakistani i.e why Balti shed their blood in Kargil and the others are shedding their blood in Siachin.
    I hope you will understand all such things. So be Pakistani, Proud Pakistani. That is the ladder for success.
    Your well wisher.

  18. April 30th, 2010 11:39 am

    Shandur festival is the only event in the northern areas which never stopped itself from taking place due to recent terrorism wave. Events like this give us hope that Pakistan is still a country where people love the fun and sports/cultural activities. May Allah bless Pakistan and may this event passes peacefully this time of year as well.

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