Baitullah Mehsud: A Profile

Posted on August 7, 2009
Filed Under >Adil Najam, Law & Justice, People
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Adil Najam

Although not yet confirmed, all indications suggest that it is more likely than not that Baitullah Mehsud – the leader of the Taliban in Pakistan – has been killed.

The obvious question being asked right now is: Is he really dead?

The more important question that should also be asked, one this is confirmed, is: If he is dead, then what?

Baitullah Mahsud had become the visible (without really being visible) name to identify with the Taliban’s war on Pakistan. Even if deaths that he and his organization claim (proudly) to have been responsible for are counted, he has been responsible for killing more Pakistanis (nearly all Pakistani Muslims) than just about any other enemy of Pakistan in recent years.

But that does not mean that his departure alone would bring an end to the Taliban war on Pakistan.

Who will rise next? Do we know what the next level of the chain of command is? Do we know where? Do we have a strategy to deal with them before they, too, become larger than life?

All these, and many more, questions remain.

Also, there are questions about the US drone attacks. If, indeed, he was killed in a US drone attack, does that change Pakistanis’ views on the drone attacks? And, if it turns out that he has, in fact, not been killed, how does that change the US-Pakistan politics of drones?

Many questions deserving of answers. Any thoughts, dear readers?

By way of background, here is a profile of Baitullah Mehsud, from Dawn:

Born in 1972, Baitullah Mehsud had to suffer an early childhood dislocation when he moved, along with his father, from his Nargosha village to Landi Dhok in Bannu, close to the South Waziristan tribal region. His father served as a Pesh-Imam (prayer leader) in a mosque in Landi Dhok before moving to Miramshah in North Waziristan and there also he led prayers in a mosque. Baitullah got a little religious education in Miramshah’s Pepal Madressah.

And it was in Miramshah where Baitullah is believed to have come into contact with Taliban militants who persuaded him to join them in the fight against the Northern Alliance in Afghanistan. He fought well in Afghanistan and established himself as a fighter, a senior security officer, who himself belongs to the Mehsud tribe, recalled.

Baitullah returned to his native South Waziristan after the United States invaded Afghanistan and toppled the Taliban regime in November 2001. He shot to prominence after the notorious Taliban commander in South Waziristan, Nek Mohammad, was killed in a missile attack in Wana in June 2004. But he kept a low profile when the one-legged former Guantanamo detainee, Abdullah Mehsud, reined supreme in the Mehsud territory. His real chance to claim leadership came soon after Abdullah kidnapped two Chinese engineers in October 2004. Miffed that the fiery militant commander had picked up an unnecessary fight with Pakistan’s security forces, a shura of the local Taliban removed Abdullah Mehsud and handed over the command of the Taliban in South Waziristan to Baitullah.

Known for his cool-headedness, the military hailed Baitullah’s ascension, called him a soldier of peace and signed the Sara Rogha agreement with him in February 2005. The peace agreement collapsed in a matter of months, with both sides accusing each other of violating its terms, leading to the beginning of hostilities that took a huge toll. Baitullah proved himself a tough warrior, taking due advantage of a territory that was native and treacherous, by defeating two successive military operations.

He catapulted to the limelight when he took hundreds of Pakistani soldiers hostage in August 2007. It was perhaps because of this singular feat that militants in the length and breadth of Fata at a 20-member shura meeting chose him as leader of the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan in December 2007. Baitullah unleashed a wave of suicide bombings in Pakistan. Army Chief Gen Ashfaq Parvez Kayani once told journalists that the TTP leader was behind almost all attacks inside Pakistan. According to a UN report, Baitullah was behind 80 per cent of the suicide bombings in Afghanistan.

He gained in stature to the extent that Time magazine rated him as one of the 100 most influential people in the world. Not to be left behind, Newsweek described him as more dangerous than Osama bin Laden. Accounts vary about the actual strength of his force, but intelligence agencies put the number of his fighting force at 20,000 to 30,000, including 2,000 to 3,000 foreign militants, mostly of Central Asian origin – Uzbeks and Chechens. He ran a number of training camps, including those indoctrinating suicide bombers – a weapon – he once called his own atom bombs.

A short-stocky man, Baitullah suffered from diabetes that once prompted reports of serious illness and then death in late 2008. Much to the disappointment of many, the man bounced back to host a big feast of lamb and rice to celebrate his second marriage to a daughter of the local influential tribal leader, Malik Ikramuddin. He, however, remained issueless. According to one account, he was also the ghost writer of a book in Urdu, Carvan-i-Baitullah Mehsud, using the pen-name of Abu Munib. In the book, he described his ideology, war strategy and details pertaining to his movement.  The United States had announced a $5 million bounty on Baitullah’s head in March this year. But it took Pakistan several months before making up its mind to declare him as Pakistan’s enemy number one and announce a reward of Rs50 million for his capture, dead or alive, in June.

Trouble began to emerge for the TTP leader when the government announced the launching of a military operation against him in June. No ground offensive was launched and the government changed its tactics to use air strikes and artillery, besides imposing an effective economic blockade to stop fuel and food supply to the area. Thousands of Mehsuds fled the area. He was under pressure both from within his own Mehsud clan, which wanted him to ease it off with the government, and his commanders who egged him on to fight off the military. For the first time, his decision and thought-making process was shaky, an official familiar with the situation in the area said.

He wouldn’t stay in one place for two months and would constantly change places. His nerves were on edge, he remarked. It is useless to run away. I know some day, one day they will come and get me, one senior official quoted Baitullah as telling a fellow Mehsud tribesman. Little did the man, described by a senior security official as someone with fox-like instincts to sense danger, suspect that he was exposing himself to a missile target by relaxing with his younger wife on a roof in Zanghara, South Waziristan.

53 responses to “Baitullah Mehsud: A Profile”

  1. Mark says:

    Does anyone know the name of the second wife of Baitullah Mehsud, daughter of Maulana Ikramuddin? It seems to me that, regardless of one’s sympathies, she deserves to be named.

  2. Khanzada says:

    The younger Bait-ullah looks entirely different than the older one specially the jaw line and the eyes. He is surely dead but we are still waiting for a ‘change’ yet. The new leader of TTP Hakim ullah Mehsood is more evil than the last one I think.. The bottom line is if we want to get rid of them then we have to concentrate on the causes of this evil itself plus the factors that nurture their ideology and fighting capibilities like illitracy, our foreign policies, our weak intelligence, weapon smuggling, loss of innocent lives in drone attacks, illegal financial netwroks which support them, madrassas that are spreading a false message of Islam and totally misguiding its students … Its just a short list, there is so much more to do…
    As I am writing these lines, suddenly I realise that will we or our government ever try to cut the roots rather than the breanches??

  3. Nadia says:

    @ Pakistani,
    Calm down!! You don’t have the right to judge and label me or other peolpe only because you did not find my posts condemning the horrible and unhuman acts of Taliban and their allies.
    I only condemned the fact that we all have become so “used to” to these drone attacks that we really ignore the loss of innocent lives in the tribal area. How narrow minded you are in your thoughts that you assumed me a ‘family friend’ of Bait- ullah- Mehsood and Taliban (wow) just because I talked about his wife and other innocents being killed in that area who are as much Pakistanis as you and me are??!! Most of Pakistanis like me, condemn this insanity going on in our country on the name of religion and war of terrorism. This situation divided us as a nation more than ever, thatswhy people like you judge other people and take them as pro-taliban if we talk about the loss of those who are facing the violence by Taliban, security forces and the U.S, neglecting the fact that they are the one who are on the front line, they are the one who are sacrificing the most as compared to the rest of Pakistan. I raised my voice for them because somebody should remember their sacrifices when commenting on such articles. It made me feel that we are simply forgetting them. By the way isn’t it true that these drone attacks are for poor tribal belt only not for big cities because some ‘holy’ peolpe live there who rule this country. Will they not do something if U.S starts attacking Peshwar, Islamabad or Lahore? After all Pro-Taliban policies are made in Islamabad, Lal-masjid is situated in Islamabad, Lahore and southern Punjab are being used as base camps for Panjabi Taliban & Lashkar-e-taiba and Karachi is still the biggest financial source for Talibans and their allies. Do you ever think that what do those tribal area people feel about us when we only mourn for the loss of people being killed in bigger cities and not for them?

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