ATP Poll Results: Grading Gen. Musharraf

Posted on October 1, 2006
Filed Under >Adil Najam, ATP Poll, People, Politics
Total Views: 29402


Adil Najam

The grades are in. And, in the opinion of 263 ATP readers who voted, General Pervez Musharraf’s performance review yields an overall GPA (grade point average) of 2.53; right in between a grade of B- and C+.

(Click image for larger picture)

In this, the fourth ATP Poll (earlier: on womens’ rights here, on Gen. Musharraf’s future moves here, and on past leaders here), more than twice as many people voted as in the last ATP Poll. They were asked to grade Gen. Musharraf’s performance in four key areas: (a) domestic governance, (b) economy and development, (c) governance and reform, and (d) foreign affairs.

The results, based on the average in each area [using a 4-point scale where: A=4.0, B=3.0, C=2.0, D=1.0, F=0.0], is:

Domestic Governance ………… C (1.96)
Economy and Development …………B (3.04)
Governance and Reform ………… C+ (2.25)
Foreign Affairs ………… B/B- (2.88)

As we always point out, this is simply a ‘pulse of the blog’ poll and is NOT a scientific or representative survey. They are representative only of the opinions of those who voted; and of nothing more. So, lets not take it any more seriously than that. Having said that, there are a number of interesting elements in the results that are worthy of note, or at least of further discussion:

  • The overall grade in each area is a broad average, but much more interesting is the distribution of the grades within each of the four areas. As with our previous Poll related to Gen. Musharraf, this distribution suggests a highly differentiated, even polarized view of his performance amongst those who voted in this Poll.
  • Representative of this polarization is the fact that in each case the overall average grade lies in the middle of the range but most commonly voted grades lie at the very extreme. Indeed, in three of the four areas – “ the exception being ‘Economy and Development’, the top 2 categories are A+ and F, the two most extreme grades possible!
  • While there were a significant number of readers who votes either all F’s or all A+’s, the vast majority did calibrate their performance review within the given range. It is a fair assumption that most (although not all) of these people were die-hard supporters or die-hard opponents.

  • Domestic politics, quite clearly, was the area where Gen. Musharraf received the harshest assessments. Nearly a quarter of all who voted, chose to gave him an F (failing grade) in this area. One wonders what, if any, impact Nawab Akbar Bugti’s killing had on this particular grade?
  • In contrast, Economy and Development is the area where he gets his highest grade (a B). He also gets the least number of F‘s (29) in this area, and also gets about twice as many A+‘s (57).
  • Governance and Reform is the area where the grade distribution is (comparatively) most evenly distributed. But the second worst performance in this Poll, after Domestic Politics. The overall grade is a C+.
  • In the area of Foreign Affairs the verdict seems to be most mixed. The overall average is 2.88 which lies just between a B- (2.3) and a B (3). But that is not why it is divided, it is divided because even though the highest number of A+‘s that he gets in any area is here (71, or over a quarter of all votes cast), he also gets as many as 47 F grades on Foreign Affairs. This means that just about 45 percent of all voters gave him a grade at the very extreme! One wonders how, if at all, this was affected by the fact that this Poll was taking place in the middle of his high-visibility tour to the United States?
  • The calculation of the overall GPA is based on assuming that each of these four areas carries equal importance to his ‘performance’. If so, his overall GPA of 2.53 would translate to a B-/C+ performance.

Comments folks? Are these grades good? Are they bad? Do you think this is what he would get if all of Pakistan were asked? Or are you all out of touch?

41 Comments on “ATP Poll Results: Grading Gen. Musharraf”

  1. October 1st, 2006 11:38 am

    I think voter’s assessment of his performance in the area of economy and development might be a little unrealisitc. Perhaps because appraisal in this area is based on intangible data rather than ground realities. It is right that this government is successful in generating more economic activity, however its positive effects have not moved downward yet and not even visible in near future. Therefore a grading of above average might be a little exaggerated.

  2. PatExpat says:
    October 1st, 2006 11:43 am

    He did quite well for himself.

    Regarding rest of Pakistan, depends upon your definition of rest of Pakistan.

    If it only includes the English speakers, or industrialists, businessmen or those working in corporate sector, Musharraf may stay over B in all categories. However, the rest of 157.5 million of population would give him much lower grades than this as they have yet to see the fruits of his rein trickle down to them.

    However, his grades can always be brought up by increasing the percentage of Pakistani expatriates in polls.

  3. Farrukh says:
    October 1st, 2006 1:45 pm

    Now that you mention it, the divide is striking. One might have expected an inverted U-curve. But it is probably correct. We are on this and other things a divided society, there is no concentration in the middle, its at the edges. That is why our conversations are also edgy.

    I dont think its about expats and those living in Pakistan either. They are equally divided. Those abroad just export the divisions with them.

  4. Bhatti says:
    October 1st, 2006 2:45 pm

    Thank you Mr. Patexpat for speaking on behalf of the rest of us 157.5 million Pakistanis. I am glad that there is someone who has the authority to know what we are thinking and who is willing to proclaim himself as a spokesman for all of us. And, of course, we poor Pakistanis can only be spoken for by someone like you who lives abroad and therefore knows everything. We are so very thankful that you have proclaimed yourself our leader. Mr. Patexpat zindabad.

  5. SAA says:
    October 3rd, 2006 9:23 pm

    I was discussing your Poll with a friend who also vsits this blog and we realized that we on the web at least get to grade him, if only for amusement. Pakistanis in Pakistan will did and will never get that opportunity!

  6. Eidee Man says:
    October 1st, 2006 9:29 pm

    Maybe Bhatti was a bit harsh :). However, I do disagree with PakExpat somewhat when he says that people of the “higher” socio-economic class are in favor of Musharraf and the rest are not.

    The important thing in judging Musharraf’s performance goes back to what really MATTERS to the common man. To me it seems like the majority of people in Pakistan are so busy tackling economic difficulties that they do not really care or understand the foreign, etc issues. The things that are important to the common man are economic security (which inclues things like poverty relief and employment), education for their children, and the proper functioning of local institutions.

    I think Musharraf has done TERRIBLY in the local level. His alliances with bullies and thugs have led to complete chaos especially in Sindh. Non-political professionals are being intimidated and coerced MUCH MORE and corruption is beyond belief than under previous “democratic” governments.

    However, Musharraf deserves a lot of credit for foreign policy and the Shaukat Aziz team deserves a lot of credit for strengthening Pakistan’s finances (note that I mean the country’s finances and not the finances of the common man).

    Hopefully Musharraf and our mainstream political parties will forge some sort of meaningful alliance for the betterment of Pakistan.

  7. Raza Haider says:
    October 1st, 2006 9:31 pm

    The divide indeed is striking but I can’t say it is too surprising. I would have to guess that if a similar poll was conducted across the “rest of pakistan” there would also such a divide but the overall results would be lower. However, what would be interesting is if the question was asked on who people would rather have leading the country?
    What does this group think. Does the average person on the street in Pakistan want a change in leadership or a change in this leaderships policies?

  8. Shabir Alam says:
    October 1st, 2006 11:28 pm

    Just out of curiosity, does anyone know how long it takes to see the economic trickle reach the bottom in a country with a history like Pakistan?

    I know it has taken decades in the developed and developing nations. Abu Mohammad and PatExpat assumed a fictional scenario to support their arguments, both do not talk of any comparative data from the ‘ground realities’.

    This was an interesting poll where obviously English speaking and relatively better off Pakistanis contributed so naturally the results will be skewed and ‘in-tangible’. Is there a way to get a hold of some ‘tangible’ data that covers all social strata of Pakistan and most of us can believe in and dicsuss?

    Also I am surprised that people still talk about leadership change but no one talks about a national mandate and policies that any given leader(ship) need to follow or implement no matter what side of the fence they sit in. An average Pakistani on the street could care less about leadership figures, in the last 60 years no one has made a dent in their lives – the only time they saw change was when they got up and did it on their own.

    The problem is every leader makes up policies and plans on the fly and they always are better than the previous ones and all the previous ones did was to plunder the nation – this completes the circle and is re-spun again.

  9. TURAB says:
    October 2nd, 2006 2:27 am

    Empowerment of people at grass roots level !!


    Local Body system…

    I was in Pakistan this summer and someone has piled up a huge koora (garbage) in front of our house. I approached the local UC and not the next day but couple of days later the whole pile was gone. I was surprised to see soo many sweepers and development projects and people being actually responsible for their local areas….

  10. Hammad says:
    October 2nd, 2006 2:11 pm

    Nice analysis. We don’t have an economic middle class and we dont have a political middle. So we get beaten both ways and everything ends up being polarised.

    By the way, kool graphic. Nicely done.

  11. Kumail says:
    October 3rd, 2006 10:39 am

    Talk about an extremist nation – we cant even find a median in a survey like this
    Great analysis adil.

  12. Daktar says:
    October 3rd, 2006 3:03 pm

    The analysis is right in saying that the nation is DIVIDED between extremes, but (Kumail) that does NOT make us an EXTREMIST nation. That woudl be something quite different. In fact, an extremist nation would actually be all concentrated on ONE extreme.

  13. Eidee Man says:
    October 3rd, 2006 10:03 pm

    Kumail, I agree with Daktar on this. Pakistan may be a polarized country but it is in no way extremist. I’d like you to give us an example of a country with a comparable population that is not polarized….it surely cannot be the U.S., U.K., India, etc…

    Having lived in the U.S. for quite some time, I can tell you that Pakistan is actually substantially less polarized than the U.S.

  14. Naveed Khan says:
    October 29th, 2006 2:56 am

    I am extremely interested in know what has been great achievements of President Musharraf in 7 years of almost absolute power? Please be very explicit, recount achievements in;
    -National Integration
    -Curbing Corruption
    -Improving people’s living standard
    -Improving Infrastructure
    -Starting large economic projects
    -Providing Constitutional law that would outlive him.
    -Improving relations with neighbors
    -Solving Kashmir Problem
    -Solving Palestine Problem
    -Building Large scale universities
    -Improving Public Schools

    Any thing else that would fancy you is OK as well. I really want to know his contribution to our country. Please avoid generic comments like “Economy improved”. What did the government do to improve economy? Did they start new projects? or is it because of foreign aid, expatriate money and drugs money?

    I would love to hear from people living in Pakistan

  15. Pakpics says:
    October 31st, 2006 10:56 am

    Great analysis,
    kehte hain k hamra khazana bhar gaya hai buhat progress ho rahi hai. lakin mujhe to koi farq nazar nahi aya haan ghurbat bar rahi hai. log ameer se ameer aur gharib se gharib ho rahe hain. Siwa is ke k assembly 5 saal complete kar rahi hai, main President ke bare main kuch nahi kehna chahta.

  16. December 8th, 2006 5:10 am

    An intresting news in Jang. Good to know that General has not forgot the “anjaam” of other dictators.

  17. December 31st, 2006 5:20 am

    I haven’t read any statment by dictator musharraf after the death of his dictator buddy Saddam Hussain. Maybe the general is trembling due to fear after watching the offensive end of Iraqi dictator who once was the darling of past US govt like Mush is darling of current US govt.

    The death of saddam would have reminded him a forgotten lesson that dictators always get a miserable end, whether its stalin or Hitler,Zia or Pinochet, every one tasted a miserable death. Since the general knows his status within Pakistan and infront of US, I am sure he would be in coma after watching those clips on News channels. If saddam was responsible for killing of thousands of iranians and kurds in iraq then Mush is also responsible of killing thousands of Afghans in Afghanistan. The general is trying his best to save himself from anykind of crap which he could face in future but there is a history of US that they don’t prefer to keep the disposable stuff with themselves.They use and then throw away. Say thanks to kissinger that he revealed this golden rule of American foreign in his writings for general public.

    p.s: I am one of those who were not happy with the ending of Saddam by American govt. I could be happy if he was punished by his own people.

  18. TURAB says:
    December 31st, 2006 8:19 pm

    Saddam killed millions!! people who are comparing saddam and mushi are clearly blowing it out of proportion!!

  19. January 1st, 2007 12:05 pm

    Neither saddam killed anyoen with his own hand nor mush. Both followed american policies and killed muslims. Therefore my statment was not for a person who follow “Jo mUshi ka ghaddar hay wo mout ka haqdar hay”.

  20. Chandio says:
    January 2nd, 2007 10:23 pm

    I am surprised that the Bugti and Balochistan issueis not rated at top. This could literally change the face and shape of Pakistan.

  21. Ghalib says:
    January 3rd, 2007 12:32 am

    Chandio u mean bugtis death will right?when Bhutto went to the gallows the elected PM no one burped wat value a feudal has that wanted separation? open ur eyes he was for his own dynasty he asked fer it and got it!he cud have taken Baluchs very high but he didnt coz that wud hv been his ultimate departure!and plus Mush dint want any one to bully his govt and troops!his demise i guess wont cause any trouble!

  22. faizan says:
    April 14th, 2007 11:33 pm

    All i know is no matter wht he’s been the best leader we’ve had at running our country for a few decades. Forget abt how popular he is or isnt but ppl of pakistan know right now they cant get a better leader then him period

  23. bhattione says:
    April 17th, 2007 4:17 pm

    peace all,

    Some data for you all to see:

    ZULFIKAR ALI BHUTTO [ 20 Dec 1971 - 13 Aug 1973 as President..14 Aug 1973 - 5 Jul 1977 as Prime minister]
    US DOLLAR EXCHANGE rate after the debacle of 1971 [East Pakistan gone + 90,000 POWs]
    1970 = 4.76 Pakistani rupees
    1975 = 9.91 Pakistani rupees
    Difference 9.91 – 4.76 = 5.15 Rupees
    Slightly over 100% increase in the exchange rate.
    [Pakistani rupees remained stable till 1980 even after two and a half years of Z A Bhutto’s removal]

    ZIA’S REGIME [16 Sep 1978 - 17 Aug 1988]
    Exchange rate from 1980 to 2000
    1980 = 9.90 Pakistani rupees
    1985 = 16.28 Pakistani rupees
    1990 = 21.41 Pakistani rupees
    Difference: – 21.41- 9.90 = 11.51 Rupees
    Slightly over 100% increase

    NAWAZ AND BANAZIR’S REGIME [from 2 dec1988 till 12 oct 1999]
    Exchange rate from 1990 to 2000
    1990 = 21.41
    1995 = 30.62
    2000 = 51.64
    Difference 51.64 – 21.41 = 30.23 Rupees
    110% increase in exchange rate which is the worse ever.

    The external obligations of Pakistan in December 1999 were about US$ 37 billion, out of which US$ 32 billion were external public and publicly guaranteed debt. At the same time the internal debt of Pakistan was US$ 32.5 billion. External indebtedness and internal indebtedness together shows a total of US$ 69.5 billion (total debt) WHICH IS APPROXIMATELY 100 % OF THE COUNTRY’S GDP. . In plain English, the country is indebted to an approximate equal amount of what Pakistan is producing in a year.

    In 1999 Pakistan’s total debt as percentage of GDP was the highest in South Asia – 99.3 percent of its GDP and 629 percent of its revenue receipts, compared to Sri Lanka (91.1% & 528.3% respectively in 1998) and India (47.2% & 384.9% respectively in 1998). Internal Debt of Pakistan in 1999 was 45.6 per cent of GDP and 289.1 per cent of its revenue receipts, as compared to Sri Lanka (45.7% & 264.8% respectively in 1998) and India (44.0% & 358.4% respectively in 1998) .

    The State Bank report 1999-2000 states, that besides external liabilities, of US$37.30 billion under different categories, Pakistan is committed to pay in rupee liabilities 1.72 billion dollars on accounts of frozen foreign currency accounts and on various foreign currency certificates.

    The public debt at the end of fiscal year 1999 was about 629 per cent of total revenue and came down to 356 per cent of total revenue. Similarly, THE TOTAL PUBLIC DEBT WAS 100 PER CENT OF GDP IN 1999 AND HAS COME DOWN TO 50 PER CENT IN THE FIRST QUARTER OF 2007.
    [Quoting from the Simon Briggs, UK, Jubilee 2000 People’s Millennium Write-Down Book]

    In 1999 we were at the verge of being declared a bankrupt nation with less then 1 billions in foreign exchange reserves. We were in the top five lists of the terrorist nations.

    I don’t agree with Mr. Adnan siddiqi’s comments about mush killing people just because of the U.S. policies.
    No group or individual can be allowed to form a state within a state or promote extremism/violence like the lunatics of lal majid, Islamabad.

    In the end I would like to ask a question…which Pakistani political leader should we substitute mush with? is there any other choice?

    God bless all.

  24. Nadeem Ahmad says:
    April 28th, 2007 7:37 pm

    Just one question. What if somebody else was in charge during these years.

    Do you think all evils would have been cleansed! International scenario would yield different results for Pakistan!!

    Think and reply…

  25. Imran Adil says:
    May 20th, 2007 4:11 pm

    If we analyze the domestic and governance i think it will not wrong to say that Pakistani people are not willing to split Pakistan but our leaders which are unfortunately from the very beginning are Generals and Democratic governments which are not elected rather selected because every one know about our Election commissions transperency.Issues at domestic level can’t be controlled by power rather with strategic plannings.
    On Economy, My view is that President is right when he said that people are spending more and more because he is a military general and not a Financial analyst. As he apologize at the time of Chief Justice issue that I have done a mistake because i am not a Lawyer but a General.

  26. Ali says:
    August 14th, 2007 7:57 am

    He contributed that much towards Pakistan what the politicians cant till 12th october 1998 from 14th august 1947.
    I am in the favour of General Musharraf and I wish that may he will be the president with uniform for atleast 20 more years.(Aamin)
    He gave us recognition and respect all over the world.
    To get this country was a difficult task but to maintain it was very much more difficult which General Musharraf did very well.
    I wish may ALLAH give my life to him.
    He is the great Leader of Pakistan, we need such a leader to get honourable and respectful image all over the world.
    May Almight ALLAH keep him safe from each and every difficulty, Aaminn……
    the biggest biggest fan of President Genaral Pervez Musharraf.

  27. king says:
    August 14th, 2007 8:03 am

    musharraf is a leader of our country.he is the only one in our country who can save us from terrorism and extremism.
    keep on ruling pakistan for its better concern mr musharraf, i am with you.

  28. basit says:
    August 30th, 2007 11:40 am

    Saddam killed millions!! people who are comparing saddam and mushi are clearly blowing it out of proportion!!

  29. Kashif Khan says:
    September 3rd, 2007 7:41 pm

    It is sad that we r here to comment on another dictator who slipped the country back in dark ages. Whatever his real intentsion were, Pakistan took a massive reverse leap whilst our neighbouring countries are striding forward in economic, social, political and academic lives under his rule. When would it dawn on our nation that it is through the democratic process that we learn to elect a good government. Unless we are given the opportuunity to elect and then throw out an incompetent and/or corrput party, the society will not grow polictically and socially. Army is the Pakistan’s biggest enemy. It has made us as nation of dependents and missed opportunities.

  30. Khairulbashar Siddiqui says:
    September 14th, 2007 8:05 pm

    This is a good forum.May Allah help you all to think right. In my opinion Mr. Musharraf is the best president that Pakistan ever had, and probably will never have.
    He has changed Pakistan only for the better. Unfortunately majority of Pakistanis are greedy , corrupt and worse than civilized nation.
    I can just pray for them. They want people like Benazir and Nawaz Sharif to rule them, who have destroyed Pakistan in real terms.
    I hope that I have not hurt any one’s feeling. May Allah guide all of us, and help us to think and act right.

  31. Kahn says:
    September 16th, 2007 1:05 am

    Shabir Alam made a point.

    To implement anything, takes a very long time, even decades. People have to be educated first for basic changes and improvements, that normally starts at home. Then comes literacy where people can read and write. When people are educated, they will improve their lots and want to be literate by going to schools to read and write so that they will want to develop further (Pakistan does not give equal rights for females to study as the males are afraid the females would do better). But if they are not literate, they will only know their basic survival ways and will not improve technically or in science. Science to some people is taboo as it goes against their deeply rooted religion that is followed blindly without logic and questions.
    Since separation, no one has been given a chance to lay the programme for development and then follow it through. The people are not united, religiously or tribally. There is too much tribalism. Religion is not separated from development or state or politics.
    Pakistan has much to offer the world but does not know how to do. The President is too soft and slow in reacting against upstarts or radicals. If he does not get help from ‘bullies’ who else is willing to help him? How else to control the lawlessness among the tribes? Where is the money to do so?The previous PMs have stolen all the cash. If the President is embezzling, point it out to the foreign reporters.

  32. September 17th, 2007 8:51 pm

    My name is muhammd younes panezai i belong to a balochistan”
    my comment about General Pervez Musharraf is the greatest leader of pakistan histor i havenet seen that much good and barve leader of pakisntan
    i persionaly like General Pervez Musharraf very much i love
    in his government we have got jobs and worked in balochistan too much like he make the roads of very villages and makes the dams and pesionally he visited the every part of balochistan
    and General Pervez Musharraf just do refrandom awam will choos him again inshallah
    in other government like banazer and nawaz shreep: they havn’t visited the our balochistn and our ares to make our problems to solve they never came to quetta to ask about our problems are to do some good we dont like them to again to make the problems more serious we dont have any differenc with General Pervez Musharraf wardi awam dont have any problems this just problems with doemoctrat people who want to sink the ship of pakistan just nawaz shreep have just one good work that is atomi damka thats all
    and nawaz just started a skeem was that ‘qarz utaro, mulk sanwaro’ has just done no thing with that money i personally request with our great greater greatest leader General Pervez Musharraf that dont allow them to come to pakistan if they come kick them again if they were the kair khwa of pakistan the should take steps like bangladsh wazerazam like khalida zaia like that they came to their country they are faceing the challanges and they dont do like our dog and koothi they and put some thing in their mouht and then escape from this country khadm baro General Pervez Musharraf awam thumari sathi,
    General Pervez Musharraf math gabrah bad mukalp say ya tho chilta hay app ko oncha ouranoo kaly
    aor app tho shaheen hao basery kery asmanoon pay
    Allah General Pervez Musharraf ko ees ka sadar rahny day hamry yey douha hal Allah say General Pervez Musharraf ko ar neek irday may kamyab kary thanks my english is good toot prooti english hay our agar may nay kuch khalt lika how to un say mapy chat hon

  33. Kazim says:
    September 19th, 2007 3:09 pm

    First I was very surprised that you have nothing about Musharraf’s announcement that he will drop the uniform if elected President. But then as I think about it your NO COMMENT is the best comment. This is just one more topi drama!!!!

  34. Khalid says:
    September 20th, 2007 12:21 pm

    Adil Najam, nice article in The News on military and Musharraf today. Keep it up.

  35. abdul bugungaf says:
    September 20th, 2007 12:38 pm

    Does anyone know where one can watch this? It looks mighty interesting.

  36. Rafay Kashmiri says:
    September 28th, 2007 7:02 am

    Judgement is there `!!!!! Musharraf can keep his uniform
    6 for 3 against, Munir is resurrected, mubarak. SHIKHASHAI
    COLONIALISM, murdabaaad murdabaaad

  37. pAKHISTAN says:
    October 10th, 2007 5:27 pm

    i love pakistan.

  38. adeel amir says:
    October 12th, 2007 10:22 am

    the only thing i will say is open your mind and dont be bised and look at the positive side you will se the change in pakistan and the diffrence in 7 years, the coments i read that this is all the money we get from out side , ok look the positive
    A) the money is spent in Pakistan
    B)the money is used in development of pakistan
    C) Govermant help the family of people who get killed in diffrent incedent and try to companceate as much they can

    So please Help President Musharaf by giving Positive critisisem and apreciate the work he have done for Pakistan.
    i Pray to allaha please give streanth and courage and protect from evil and give long life to president Musharaf and his associates who have work hard to build pakistan.

  39. kosar says:
    December 5th, 2007 2:43 am


  40. February 6th, 2008 8:16 am

    I agree with Abu Muhammad that voter assessment in the field of economy is unrealistic. Mr. Shoukat Aziz, right hand of Musharaff, increased the foreign exchange assests in a night by changing the crieteria. The economic development fruits are now riped. we see peoples in ques before utility stores fronts, trucks for flour.
    Foreign Policy was also nill, He took U turn on Kashmir Issue.
    Government reforms bear no fruit.

  41. Ahmed says:
    May 3rd, 2008 4:39 am

    As mentioned earlier, many of the voters were either diehard fans or opponents which make the result a bit trickly. However I believe there has been amazing progress in the Economy and Development under Musharraf’s rule. He’s been a good COAS and President and we have witnessed a lot of progress in his tenure as compared to previously “democratic” Governments. If he has lost popularity it is because of his dealing with terrorists and extremists that have much support amongst the Pakistani masses. I would give him an average B or B+. I don’t think I’m being biased :)

Have Your Say (Bol, magar piyar say)