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The Caps of Pakistan

Posted on November 27, 2010
Filed Under >Mast Qalandar, Culture & Heritage, Society
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Mast Qalandar (MQ)

(Editor’s Note: This was first posted at ATP four years ago on November 27, 2006. It remains one of our favorite ATP posts and we are re-posting it today on its fourth anniversary).

Pakistan is a country of many ethnic groups and cultures. This is apparent not only in the looks of its people and the different languages and dialects they speak, but also in their traditions and dress.

One of the things a first time visitor to Pakistan would notice is the variety of caps and turbans Pakistani men wear, particularly in the rural areas. (Urban Pakistanis, especially the educated class, are mostly bareheaded.) With increased travel and TV exposure, the caps worn in one part of the country have also been adopted by people in other parts, but, still, the cap or turban a Pakistani wears could give away his ethnicity and, at times, even his social status.


The North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) and Gilgit-Baltistan have the largest variety of men’s headwear, the most common being the pakol, also known as Chitrali cap —that flat, round cap with a little brim, which, when not worn, looks somewhat like a Frisby and, if thrown into the air, could even fly like one for a short distance.

The pakol is made out of coarse woolen cloth, locally known as pattoo. The pattoo is first sewn into the shape of a cylinder, about a foot or more long. One end of the cylinder is capped with a round piece of the same material, slightly wider than the cylinder itself. The woolen cylinder is then inverted and fitted onto a round wooden block; the rim of the woolen cylinder is then rolled up to the top. The flat top protrudes a little over the rolled-up edge to give the cap a tiny brim. Otherwise, all Pakistani headwear, unlike the Western hats, is brimless. This is so because Muslims pray with their heads covered; a brimmed cap or Western hat would interfere with the sajdah (act of prostration during prayers). The little brim of the pakol, however, presents no such problem.The cap comes in various colors: white, gray, and different shades of brown.

The pakol is believed to have originated in Afghanistan, where it is a popular headwear among the people of Northern Afghanistan. The West got to look at this cap, and even like it, during the Soviet-Afghan war when Ahmad Shah Masud, an icon of the Soviet-Afghan war, and his fighters were often seen on TV and newspapers wearing this cap. Some online stores began selling the pakol to the Western customers, both men and women, and probably still do. In the southern and eastern Afghanistan, however, particularly since the advent of the Taliban, turbans have become a more common headwear.

In Chitral, and Gilgit-Baltistan, the white color pakol is more popular and is sometimes worn with a peacock plume stuck in the folds, like a badge, on the front or the side of the cap. The deep blue and green of the peacock feather, set against the white of the cap, is quite eye catching.

Because of the woolen material, pakol is basically a cold weather cap. In particularly chilly weather, the cap can be unrolled and pulled down over the ears, like a ski cap. Worn this way, it may look sloppy but is effective against the cold. However, when worn properly, the edges rolled up and the cap sitting lightly on the head at a slight angle, it is a smart looking cap.

Personally, I like this cap and occasionally wear it, too, in the winters. The only problem I find with it is, since it is made of coarse woolen cloth, it is very itchy on the forehead. I wish someone would think of lining the inside of the rim of the cap with some soft material.

The pakol also has another, unintended, use. It can be used as money pouch. Often, you see people, particularly the daily-wage laborers, when shopping at the the khokas and tandoors, retrieving the money out of the folds of their cap, and then carefully putting the change back.

Another cap, which is common in the NWFP, is the round, white cotton cap with a flat top, commonly worn by the madrassa students. It resembles an overturned bowl or a cake mould with vertical walls and a flat top. This is an all-weather cap and is much cheaper than the pakol. (It is different from the white crocheted skullcap usually worn by many people all over the country, while going to the mosque).

Another flamboyant cap, the Swati cap, called so because it originated in Swat district of NWFP, is similar in shape to the white cotton cap mentioned earlier but is heavily embroidered with ’tilla’ or golden thread. It’s a colorful and attractive cap, usually worn by youngsters. Also, coincidentally, it was, and probably still is, quite popular among the ‘tanga-wallas’ (the horse carriage drivers) and ‘battair baaz’ (people who keep quails as pets and train them as fighter birds) of Peshawar. The social reputation of these people, not quite spotless, also rubbed on this otherwise attractive Swati cap and, therefore, it did not become popular among the educated and sophisticated classes of the NWFP.— or, perhaps, because it was too gaudy or loud for sophisticated taste.

Yet another cap that is worn more in the NWFP than anywhere else in Pakistan is the karakul or karakuli. It originated in Central Asia. While the pakol and the white cotton caps are worn by young, old, rich and poor alike, the karakul cap is worn by relatively well-to-do people. A genuine karakul cap can be expensive.

Karakul, actually, is the name of a family of sheep bred in Central Asia. This particular breed is known for its soft and curly pelt. Shorter and tighter curls signify a better quality pelt. The best quality pelt, however, is obtained from the sheep’s kid when it is still in the mother’s womb. The pregnant sheep is slaughtered to get to the fetus, and then the fetus is killed to get the pelt. (I wonder how the pro-life activists would react to the karakul cap.) The karakul cap comes in two shapes: Collapsible boat-shaped and the hard oval-shaped.

In the later years of his life, Mohammad Ali Jinnah, the Quaid-e-Azam of Pakistan, started wearing the boat-shaped karakul cap along with achkan and shalwar in public. Because of him, the boat-shaped karakul cap came to be known as Jinnah Cap. The name still holds.

Later, President Ayub Khan also wore a karakul cap, the hard oval-shaped version, with his Western suits. He wore it with a slight tilt, and the cap sat well on him. During his presidency, when the US First Lady, Jacqueline Kennedy, came visiting and went to Peshawar, she was presented with a dark colored karakul cap by her hosts, which she wore, possibly emulating Ayub Khan, at a slight angle. By wearing that cap, Jacqueline Kennedy not only complemented her hosts but also stood out as a striking figure in the crowd.

A boat-shaped karakul and a striped, green gown has also become the trademark attire of President Karzai of Afghanistan.

One cannot think of a cap that could be associated with Punjab. The province is virtually “cap-less”. Punjab is the land of ‘pugs’, ‘pugrees’ or turbans. However, one cap that can still be seen in Punjab, even though only occasionally, is the rumi topi, also known as fez in English and tarboosh in Arabic.

The rumi topi originated in the city of Fez in Morocco, hence the name fez. Somewhere in the mid 19th century, the then Ottoman Sultan, in order to “modernize” Turkey and its armed forces, adopted the fez as national headwear, along with a Western style uniform for its armed forces. Since the Ottoman Empire at that time extended to Egypt, Iraq and other Arab lands, the fez was adopted in those countries as well. That is where it got the Arabic name tarboosh.

The Muslims of the Indo-Pak subcontinent, attracted to the Caliphate or Khilafat, among other things Middle-Eastern, adopted the fez as part of their Muslim attire, and gave it the name rumi topi. (Turkey, also known as Rum in the Muslim world because of its earlier connection with the Roman Empire, then was the home of the Caliphate.)

Mustafa Kamal, however, abolished the Caliphate and along with it all its symbols, including the fez, in 1924-25. Instead, he introduced the Western hat. But the fez stayed with the Indian Muslims until well after the establishment of Pakistan. If one looks at the old pictures of the period of the Pakistan movement and soon after, one can see many fez caps in them. The rulers of Bahawalpur state in Pakistan wore fez caps, possibly because of their Abbasi connection with Baghdad, and even made it mandatory for their staff and soldiers as long as the state was an autonomous part of Pakistan.

One of the most prominent Pakistani politicians who wore the fez all his life was Nawabzada Nasrullah Khan. In fact, the fez – and hukka – became his identification.

Sindh has its own distinctive cap, which stands out for its colorful embroidery and glasswork. The Sindhi cap is round in shape except that a portion in front is cut out to expose the forehead, possibly for religious reasons, as explained earlier. It comes in two varieties: hard and soft. The hard variety, when not worn, keeps its shape, but the soft variety can be folded, and even put into one’s picket. Many Sindhis, rich or poor, own a Sindhi cap and routinely wear it.

The Sindhi cap is also used in Balochistan, both by the Pashtuns and the Baloch. Balochistan, otherwise, is land of distinctive turbans.

More on turbans in a different post.

First posted on November 27, 2006.

74 Comments on “The Caps of Pakistan”

  1. Naveed says:
    November 27th, 2006 12:08 pm

    MQ, what a brilliant post. On Eid, my son & I wear the Sindhi cap to Eid prayers. He takes it off after the prayers and I don’t. Gives me a sense of belonging if that makes sense; predicament of a urbanite just wanting and trying to relate

  2. Pervaiz Munir Alvi says:
    November 27th, 2006 12:23 pm

    Great. When covering Turbans I hope MQ gives space for the “Qulla-Lungi” head dress worn by the late Nawab of Kalabagh, the former Governor of then West Pakistan province. This is also a traditional head dress of Pakistan and combines cap and turban together. It has its roots in Turkish Sultans of Central Asia. Muslim rulers of the Sub-continent including Mughals also fashioned it in various shapes as did Ottoman and Persian Emperors alike. It is part of formal dress of Acheson Collage, Lahore and many units of Pakistan Army. A visitor to international hotels is often greeted by an handsome gentleman with “Shimla dar Qulla”. We never forget to take his pictures and return his salute with salute.

  3. Pervaiz Munir Alvi says:
    November 27th, 2006 12:33 pm

    ….and what about the Kashmiri cap, the one you could pull down to cover your face and neck except your eyes. Something like a ski cap to protect against the wind.

  4. Bhindigosht says:
    November 27th, 2006 12:40 pm

    [quote post="436"]The reputation of these people, which was not spotless, also rubbed a bit on this otherwise attractive Swati cap and it could not become popular among the ‘gentlemen’ of NWFP.[/quote]

    I think the swati cap became somewhat popular among the hip-and-happening after Salman Khan of Junoon started wearing it.

  5. Deeda-i-Beena says:
    November 27th, 2006 1:10 pm

    What a great “Educational” post. Thanks MQ.
    Hopefully no one would seek or see religion in the Cap, Shimla or Pagri.
    A bit of information to share: In today’s NAMIBIA – formerly South-West Africa, Karakul Sheep breeding at ranches is a major occupation, so there must be a very large market for this Fur somewhere.

  6. MQ says:
    November 27th, 2006 3:04 pm

    Adil, thanks for an excellent formatting job and adding great pictures.

    Naveed, I can relate to your feeling of an urbanite trying to bond with the whole by wearing the native cap. I have been through this myself.

    Pervaiz Munir Alvi, yes, I plan to unfold all kinds of pugs and pugrees in the next post, whenever that might be. About the Kashmiri cap, I think you are referring to what was also referred to as “letter box” or “dak-khana”. But I don’t see many people wearing this cap anymore.

    Deeda-i-Beena, breeding karakul in South Africa? This is new to me. Perhaps they cater to the women’s winter clothing market in Europe — collars and cuffs on coats. I am not sure.

  7. November 27th, 2006 5:09 pm

    Nice post, just an observation and Iam sure you all will agree to it that the jinnah cap or the karakuli cap is graduay being kept on the backburner by the ruling elite. The last time I saw ex pm nawaz sharif wearing it. I can cite some old pictures of ZA butto wearing the jinnah cap but I guess he was more fond of the chinese cap that was worn by the chinese during their revolution.
    There is another cap which the indians branded as nehru cap as it was worn by pandit nehru. But I do remember that in old days muslims in
    North india and in deccan used to wear the same cap.In these days although I do remember some poets wearing it.
    Also you may also have observed that some times the qawwals and their supporter (hamnawaa) also wears this sort of cap.

  8. shahran asim says:
    November 27th, 2006 5:12 pm

    Is there anyone who can find a picture of general musharraf wearing a karakuli topi on any nationa occasion ?

    Shahran

  9. Farzana says:
    November 27th, 2006 6:34 pm

    Interesting how caps in Pakistan is presented as an entirely male phenomenon. Women also wear caps, for example, in the Kelash area.

  10. MQ says:
    November 27th, 2006 7:09 pm

    Farzana, while writing this post I was aware of the attractive headgear worn by the Kalash women. I left it out because the population wearing such caps is so small (less than two thousand only) that Kalash cap is really an exception than a rule.

    Caps in Pakistan is basically a men’s wear. No discrimination was intended.

  11. Mamoon says:
    November 27th, 2006 7:29 pm

    Many thanks to adil for such a lively post.
    I am from NWFP, and when I was coming to UK one of the things that ammi made sure that i take along was swati cap or Pakol. The amazing thing is , so many of my gora friends and collgues asked me to get it for them.
    We do sometimes wonder the things which we dont pay much attention too , ve such an immense impact in our day to day life.

  12. Adnan Ahmad says:
    November 27th, 2006 9:30 pm

    Fascinating post! In the interior sindh the rich prefer to wear shocking pink sindhi cap.

  13. Roshan Malik says:
    November 27th, 2006 10:03 pm

    Nice post!
    I think that covering the head with a cap or turban was customary in our previous generations. It was considered disprespectful if you go before your elders with uncovered head.

  14. MQ says:
    November 27th, 2006 10:38 pm

    A piece of additional and interesting information about the Karakul cap.

    One of the Indian prime ministers, probably V.P. Singh, got to like the karakul cap and started wearing one that looked somewhat like a Jinnah cap. His environment minister (Maneka Gandhi?), however, pointed out to him one day how the karakul pelt was obtained. V. P. Singh said he had not known about it and stopped wearing a natural karakul from that day onward and started wearing one made out of artificial material.

  15. Samdani says:
    November 27th, 2006 11:34 pm

    I like the pic of the ‘much naee tay kuch naee’ guy in the middle picture.

    This one, liek the Dr. Salam one earlier this week is visually very nice too and the pictures add greatly to both.

  16. Sosan says:
    November 28th, 2006 12:02 am

    Dear Bhindigosht
    whenever i see your name on ATP i immedietly think about Bhindigosht and bhindi to me,is mouth watering .Bhindigosht is my most favourite dish and now i think i have to stop thinking about your name or Bhindigosht because i can open and read ATP daily but i cannot eat or cook bhindi everyday.

  17. November 28th, 2006 5:07 am

    MQ all I say is VERY NICE POST, THANKS!

  18. Ahsan says:
    November 28th, 2006 10:26 am

    My three cheers to MQ for such a beautiful and interesting post. What about differsnt kinds of Shalwars? Also, I remember that during the early days of Pakistan our shirts used to be shorter in length and now they are almost sweeping the ground. What are the future perspectives?

    I particularly like this post because it will be void of any religious discussion. Will it?

    Ahsan

  19. MQ says:
    November 28th, 2006 10:42 am

    Ahsan,

    Thanks for the appreciation. To your question, whether or not we can keep this post free of religion. I think it is up to you. Many of us use religion like we use salt and pepper. Depending on one’s taste, one can sprinkle salt and pepper over everything, be it meat, salad, eggs, or even orange juice or lassi.

  20. Sosan says:
    November 28th, 2006 6:27 pm

    Dear Adnan Saddiqi
    As i know,you are a good reader by your prompt reply on every post and on every subject.I was expecting or looking forward to your comments on the subject”The caps of Pakistan”but still deep silent from your side , what’s the matter?Is it because of MQ or no interest in caps ?
    [Actually aap ko parrhnay ki aadat si ho gayee hai]
    Take care
    SOSAN.

  21. bhindigosht says:
    November 28th, 2006 10:46 pm

    Sosan, imagine…the name could have been aloo-gosht or even kuchaloo-gosht. Bindigosht is somehow so quintessentially (sp) Pakistani. Where else, but in Pakistan would you find bhindigosht!

  22. sosan says:
    November 29th, 2006 12:27 am

    Bhindigosht or Kuchaloogosht
    First of all , we are on the right subject but in the wrong place,as this post is about caps and we are discussing bhindi and aloo.I think we better find some appropriate place for this ”Handi or dhaba discussion.But anyway i love both names Bhindigosht or Kuchaloogosht because i like both dishes but not at all aloogosht.

  23. Pervaiz Munir Alvi says:
    November 29th, 2006 9:12 am

    soson & bhindigosht: I know a non-Pakistani who pronounces it as “A-Loo-Ghost”.

  24. Sosan says:
    November 29th, 2006 3:39 pm

    yes Pervaiz Munair Alvi sahib, non-Pakistanis can pronounce our dishes or our names in such funny ways. Like you said A-looGhost and what do you think they will pronounce kuchalooghost? I think I better stop this topic immedietly because it’s not fair with caps to make it kitchen corner with our favourite dishes.

  25. Sohaib says:
    December 2nd, 2006 10:29 am

    Sir, why did you give only a passing reference to the skullcaps worn during prayers, something that has become something of a symbol of Muslims of the Indian subcontinent? Surely more detail there would’ve been good.

    Very mazedar post in any case.

  26. MQ says:
    December 2nd, 2006 1:11 pm

    Sohaib,

    Good point. You are right, the skull cap has become ubiquitous in the recent past but I think it is still not a part of regular Pakistani attire. Just as an umbrella is used for a specific purpose (to protect one from rain) and is not considered part of the Western attire, the skull cap is also used for a specific purpose. But who knows, one day it might become The Cap of Pakistan!

    Thanks for appreciating the post.

  27. Qazi says:
    January 7th, 2007 4:43 am

    well i wanted u to tell sumthing abt the caps in balochistan,,,
    u must ev gone through it deeply…

    Balochistan has a BRAHVI CAP (Sardar attaullah mehgal has a pic in that on the record)

    its resembles with the sindhi cap but the curves and cuts infront of it r few comparing it wid sindhi,,,,,,,

    and it is worn by thousands of ppl in the brahvi populated area,,,

    it has lots of varieties ,,its made with the karakul stuff,,,
    and we have the hard and the soft version of it too,,,,,,

    regards..

  28. MQ says:
    January 7th, 2007 9:00 am

    Qazi,

    I am glad to have this information. I didn’t know this. I have seen Sardar Ataullah Mengal wearing such a cap during a TV interview but didn’t know then that it was a typical Brahvi cap. Do common folks also wear this cap made of karakul pelt or some other inexpensive stuff?

  29. January 24th, 2007 6:10 am

    [...] Pakistan is a country of several ethnic groups and cultures. … One of the things that strikes a newcomer to Pakistan is the variety of caps and turbans Pakistanis wear. … Otherwise all caps and turbans in Pakistan are brimless. … – more – [...]

  30. Stego says:
    January 28th, 2007 12:15 pm

    Hello,

    can anybody tell me where I could get one of the
    boat shaped Astrachans ( Karakul caps)?
    My grandfather used to wear one of those, but sadly it got lost.

    I’m currently residing in Austria, Europe.

    Any help would be much appreciated.

    Stego

  31. MQ says:
    January 28th, 2007 10:59 pm

    Stego, you could buy Karakul caps in Peshawar. But living in Austria, as you are, I don’t know how would you get there. I am not aware of any online marketing of such caps.

    Check trunkt.com. They sell fashion accessories and might be able to get one for you.

  32. Samantha says:
    January 29th, 2007 7:19 pm

    Verynice intro to Pakistan for non-Pakistanis. And nicely presented. Odd that caps seem to have gone out of fashion all over the world.

  33. January 31st, 2007 5:54 am

    [...] Pakistan is a country of several ethnic groups and cultures. … One of the things that strikes a newcomer to Pakistan is the variety of caps and turbans Pakistanis wear. … Otherwise all caps and turbans in Pakistan are brimless. … – more – [...]

  34. January 31st, 2007 5:55 am

    [...] Pakistan is a country of several ethnic groups and cultures. … One of the things that strikes a newcomer to Pakistan is the variety of caps and turbans Pakistanis wear. … Otherwise all caps and turbans in Pakistan are brimless. … – more – [...]

  35. israr says:
    June 13th, 2007 6:51 am

    We at Shubinak are the producer of Pakol (Chitrali cap),The hold the history with us still in the orignal form,the orignal chitrlai cap is made from the Shu (a handmade and organic woolen fabirc made through the centuries old techniques and tools). In a sense it is not a cap but a story, a sotory of a women working in extreme weather conditions in the wild terrains of Mountain Chitral, and in its extreem dedication, committment and sensitivities to get the fabric to be used for Chitrali cap.. so we are the owner of Pakol which has traslated into many forms and has become the identity of other sorrouding areas in Afghanistan and NWFP (Like Ahmad ShAH MASOOD used to wear Chitrali cap) but the origin of this pakol is Chitral and we still hold the tradition for you…….good bye from Chitral

  36. Louisa says:
    June 20th, 2007 8:43 pm

    Hello,
    Nice website here. I am interested in purchasing a Karakuli. I live in New York City and was wondering where to look either retail or online to obtain one.
    Any suggestions?
    Regards,
    Louisa

  37. MQ says:
    June 20th, 2007 10:58 pm

    Louisa,
    Next time when I go to Pakistan (September) I could get you one. You will have to indicate your color preference, shape and size.

  38. Salim says:
    August 29th, 2007 10:06 am

    Louisa,

    Please have a look at http://www.crescentimports.com. They buy karakul or “Jinnah” caps on line.

  39. qazi says:
    August 30th, 2007 2:57 am

    Ahmad Shah Massoud did make the Pakol famous. He was always seen in the West as a symbol of anti-communism.

  40. qazi says:
    August 30th, 2007 2:59 am

    Ahmad Shah Massoud did make the Pakol famous. He was always seen in the West as a symbol of anti-communism. You find Pakols and other Afghan related items on http://www.zarinas.com/

  41. Mariam says:
    September 7th, 2007 7:03 pm

    Hello Louisa,

    Go to http://www.zarinas.com
    they sell real Karakuli hats from Afghanistan.

    Mariam

  42. Moose says:
    January 9th, 2008 5:41 pm

    You can get these hats and other items from Pakistan at
    http://www.zarinas.com/

  43. Rafay Kashmiri says:
    March 28th, 2008 6:25 pm

    Why the hell a pagri is reserved for the groom only at
    the day he is condemned for life.

  44. Hina says:
    March 29th, 2008 3:24 am

    What an excellent post and collection. Excellent pictues too. I did not realzie how diverse our headgear is

  45. hammy says:
    March 29th, 2008 6:27 am

    really jubiliant collection .. but why it is written repost.. ?????

    Hammy
    http://www.pakspeaks.com

  46. AHsn says:
    March 29th, 2008 9:39 am

    Good Old Days

    A happy Harpi is harpping the ever lasting the merits of the Dictatorship.

    The same old Politicians are back to drag Pakistan back to the Old happy period of Democracy.

    Mast Qalander is back with his beauriful caps and with his ever lasting Good Humour.

    Many old participants are coming back.

    The ATP comments are running backward.

    I wonder if it is an ATP Spring meylA!!

  47. mirza says:
    March 29th, 2008 12:16 pm

    I would mention the muslin dupalli cap for summer and the heavy zari chaugoshi or panjgoshi for winter. Deputy Collecter Nazir Ahmed mentions the zari cap in his Taubat un Nusooh where the young boy sells it for the gold thread to save a Pathan from bankruptcy and eviction.

    Also the tall felt Iranian qalansuah of Mirza Ghalib is a distinctive part of our literary tradition but not a native cap. Mirza Ghalib wanted to be an Iranian to be free, to have his Farsi poetry understood and adopted Persian dress and the Shia faith for that reason according to some sources.

    The Sindhi cap is worn front and centre in Sindh and forms a hard base for the pugg, but in Balochistan and Afghanistan it is worn at the back of the head with the cut out part pushed rakishly to one side.

    The pillbox zari cap of “Pukhtunkhawa” is not unpopular but is less seen because it often forms the base of the dastar turban.

    The Bohra community has its own distinctive gold and white pillbox cap.

  48. mirza says:
    March 29th, 2008 12:28 pm

    Forgot to add : according to my Pakhtun cousin the secret of the pakul is that the rolled up brim has to have a “filling” of the same material over which it is rolled. That is why the true blue Pakhtun’s pakul brim is always puffy, even and taut, whereas trans-Indus wannabe pakul brims are flat, uneven and droopy.

    Sorry to leak the secret Gul, shouldn’t have told me!

  49. DJP says:
    March 29th, 2008 3:28 pm

    no doubt our land is rich in culture..

    ‘sooraj hai Sarhad ki zameen chand Bauchistan hai’…

    Sindh and Punjab are awesome as well..

  50. Hamza says:
    March 30th, 2008 2:01 pm

    Thats a lot about Pakistani Caps! I guess you should add the fact that the Pakistan govt doesn’t allow to wear a cap when taking a photo for official purposes. Even if u wear it all the time (religiously), u must take it off for a photo.

    Isn’t that quite strange in view of the rich cap-culture we’ve got?

  51. Atelier says:
    April 1st, 2008 2:50 am

    Interesting Photos.

    I guess the truth or so to say the Freudian Truth has come out, we see all kinds of caps and the identities or ethnicities they representbut no Jinnah cap in the assorted array.

    Perhaps we are no more than a constitutionally put together group of nationalities but no nation. There is no binding cement.

    Touche !

  52. July 12th, 2008 5:53 am

    Superb! Well researched and with great photographs!

  53. Wajid says:
    July 18th, 2008 8:24 am

    Wow, what a wonderful article. Great to read and so much information. Thank you.

  54. fahad says:
    September 27th, 2008 4:40 am

    Now you can pay your Mobilink postpaid bills easily by calling MCB helpline at 021 111 000 622 at any time without having to stand in line at their customer centres.

  55. Faheem says:
    October 28th, 2008 10:19 pm

    The Pakol is just as identifiable as the American cowboy hat. Headware and music defines a country’s culture. The pakol has a proud history.
    I have tried to find a pakol that will fit. I wear a size 7.75 US. That’s about 25 inches (64cm) in circumference. Can some one out there help?

    Atelier, the binding cement is the Book that guides.

  56. Mariam says:
    October 10th, 2009 2:27 am

    Thanks for this wonderful article
    You can get these from zarinas.com

  57. Craig Gunsul says:
    January 28th, 2010 8:44 pm

    Interesting article. I purchased a hat from an itinerant trader here in Walla Walla WA USA some 10-15 years ago. It was recently stolen and I would dearly like to replace it. It’s description is a lot like the cap you say the Madrassa students wear only it was made out of a heavy dark blue felt, it was lined, and had a rime a lot like a Pakol only it didn’t unroll. It did not have a visor. A colleague who did geological work north of Peshawar said he saw this hat in the NWFP when he worked up there. I would greatly appreciate it if you could help me track down and purchase or even just identify the hat so I would know what I am searching for. Thank you for your time.

    Craig J W Gunsul
    Professor Physics, emeritus
    Whitman College
    Walla Walla, WA 99362
    USA

  58. RBen says:
    March 8th, 2010 10:34 pm

    You failed to mention what the first Cap is called, the one in the first picture of a boy, you said it was like an upside down cake mold but you did not say what its called? and where could i find one of these caps? im in California, thanks

  59. MQ says:
    March 9th, 2010 9:41 pm

    @RBen: That would be a Swati cap. I think it is mentioned somewhere in the post. I doubt if you would find it in California, but It should be available in Peshawar or Swat, that is, if you happen to go that way.

    @Craig Gunsul: “A cap that looks like the one madrassa students wear, is made out of a heavy, dark-blue felt and has a brim like a Pakol that does not unroll.”

    I really don’t quite recognize the description. I wish I could be more helpful.

  60. Ian W says:
    July 28th, 2010 4:59 am

    Nice article.

    As I’m unlikely to be anywhere remotely near Peshawar or Swat in the near future, and thoughts on where a Swati hat might be procurable?

  61. HarOON says:
    November 27th, 2010 1:23 am

    This is classic ATP.
    Good to see it back on the front page.

  62. ASAD says:
    November 27th, 2010 1:38 am

    There is also a type of the swati cap which is not round on teh side but flat

  63. Osman says:
    November 27th, 2010 2:25 am

    Seems like the Karakuli has gone totally out of fashion.I have not seen anyone wearing it for a very long time.

  64. Humaira says:
    November 27th, 2010 10:53 am

    Yes, it has been one of my favorite ATP post too. Specially the block of pictures at the top.

  65. Daktar says:
    November 27th, 2010 3:29 pm

    Nice to see ATP celebrating CapFest in Pakistaniat today

  66. ASAD says:
    November 28th, 2010 1:11 am

    Nice to see this again. Need to see more from MQ.

  67. Ateeq says:
    November 28th, 2010 12:31 pm

    Very informative, very interesting.

  68. Gifts Pakistan says:
    November 28th, 2010 12:47 pm

    Very good post by ATP. I really like Pakistani culture.

  69. Ghufran says:
    November 28th, 2010 12:58 pm

    There are also caps for women. Specially in the Northern regions. They should also be included.

  70. RANA says:
    November 29th, 2010 3:39 pm

    Nice to revisit this post again.

  71. December 11th, 2010 3:56 am

    You can get these Pakistani Hats from:
    http://www.zarinas.com/

  72. June 30th, 2011 2:30 am

    i like these caps as much as i like the cow boy can these caps have a stile which attracts a person to them self

  73. saira says:
    September 7th, 2011 2:04 am

    History is evident that only those nations made a real progress who at one decided to use their indigenous products. The country like China, where it stands now, is only due to this habit of using of indigenous products. And even the countries like India also realize its importance and now implementing this.
    For complete article visit …

    http://pakistanall.blogspot.com/2011/08/be-pakistani-buy-pakistani.html

  74. October 23rd, 2014 5:18 am

    Yes! Finally someone writes about buy dress shirts online in pakistan.

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