Traveling on N5 – Part II

Posted on November 11, 2006
Filed Under >Owais Mughal, Travel
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Owais Mughal

This is the second part in 5-episode series on travel through Pakistan by national highway N5. Our idea is to skip big cities enroute as most people already know about them. We will try to introduce lesser known small cities and towns of Pakistan here. Today we will pick up our journey just north of Rohri, cross the provincial boundary of Sindh-Punjab and travel a total distance of 361 kilometers to reach the city of Bahawalpur.

Click on the map above to get a larger image of our route today. All the towns that are mentioned below are marked on the map as blue rectanlges.

After leaving Rohri we drive another 32 kilometers on N5 before we reach the city of Pano Akil.

Pano Akil (N5 kilometer marker 515)

Pano Akil is a tehsil of Sukkur District and as of 2006, Pano Akil city has an estimated population of 73000. It is most famous for the presence of a cantonment here as its construction was a bone of contention among nationalists in mid 80s. On the other hand the cantonment is strategically located owing to a big curve inward in International boundary. A quick look at the map can show the importance of this town. Pano Akil is served by Railways too.

Ghotki (N5 kilometer marker 543)

28 km north of Pano Akil, N5 passes through the town of Ghotki. Nothing much to see here as far as tourism is concerned. Ghotki however, is famous all over Pakistan because of a truck painter who originally hailed from here. His name is ‘Kafeel Bhai’ and he signed his paint work on frieght trucks as ‘Kafeel Bhai Ghotki walay’ (brother Kafeel from Ghotki). As the number of trucks painted by him increased on the roads, so did his popularity because he not only signed his name on trucks but also wrote an introduction to himself as an ambidextrous cricket player who could do both slow and fast bowling. As cricket is a national passion in Pakistan, Kafeel bhai’s name spread far and wide. His signatures included the sentence: ‘cricket ka be-taj badshah’ (uncrowned king of Cricket) and ‘Left-arm right-arm medium-slow bowler, kafeel bhai Ghotki’. It is said that overtime his fame crossed seven seas and a team of reporters arrived from Australia to see his ambidextrous bowling. His introduction at Wikipedia says that nowadays he?weaves cloth or nylon strings to make chairs in Ghotki. People who know him claim that he has reluctance accepting money from people and never demands money for his goods or services. People usually have to give it to him themselves. He often refuses to take the money in his hands and asks the buyer to just place it in his pocket. An Urdu sentence comes to my mind: ‘uff ye aajizi’ (oh this humbleness).

Ghotki is served by Pakistan Railway. Estimated population of Ghotki town in 2006 is 64000.

Sarhad (N5 km marker 554)

Mirpur Mathelo (N5 kilometer marker 568)

Mirpur Mathelo is famous for the presence of a Fauji Fertilizer Company (FFC) plant here. Established in 1978,?FFC plant?is the largest landmark in the city and is hard to miss while travelling by N5. The FFC plant also boasts of an outdoor wireless hotspot with a connectivity radius of 2 kilometers. The wireless coverage was installed here in 2005.

Mirpur mathelo is served by Pakistan Railway. Estimated population of Mirpur mathelo in 2006 is 49000.

Daharki (N5 kilometer marker 582)

As far as city markers are concenrned, Daharki is very similar to Mirpur Mathelo. So much so that it has a fertilizer plant just like Mirpur’s. Daharki plant is owned by ECPL (Engro Chemical Pakistan Limited). ECPL has a very well maintained residential colony, located approximately 1200 meters away from the plant and next to highway N5.

Daharki is also famous for a gas field located here. Gas was discovered here in 1957 at a depth of 2053 feet and the field was developed in 1965. This gas field however is used to supply gas to the Engro plant only.

Daharki is served by Pakistan Railway. Estimated population of Daharki in 2006 is 41000.

Ubauro (N5 kilometer marker 596)

Ubauro is the last major town in Sindh province located on N5 before it enters the province of Punjab. Expect your vehicle registration papers checked for inter provincial traffic by Sindh police just north of Ubauro

Look at the satellite image to the left. The slanted white line from top to bottom is the border line between Sindh and Punjab.

Kot Sabzal (N5 kilometer marker 612)

Kot Sabzal is the first town in Punjab province located on N5 after it enters from the province of Sindh. Expect your vehicle registration papers checked for inter provincial traffic by the Punjab police just south of Kot Sabzal.

Kot Sabzal used to be a part of princely state of Bahawalpur. Rulers of Bahawalpur lost it to Mirs of Sindh in 1807. British under Sir Charles Napier restored the rule of Bahawalpur state on Kot Sabzal in 1847.

If you pass Kot Sabzal on N5, it appears nothing more than few hundred village homes. Looking at it now it is hard to believe its eventful history under the rulers of Bahawalpur, Sindh and British.

Sanjarpur (N5 km Marker 620)

Sadiqabad (N5 kilometer marker 637)

Sadiqabad is the first major city of Punjab on N5. As of 2006, it has an estimated population of 180000. Located almost on the border of Sindh and Punjab, Sadiqbabad is also a major hub of freight truck and inter-province bus services. N5 goes right through the town as by-pass for the city is not built yet. During my upcountry road trips from Karachi, Sadiqabad used to be the major milestone. My family always tried to reach Sadiqbad before sunset (637 km) and rest overnight in a road side motel before continuing journey northwards the next day. For us, reaching Sadiqbabad was also a psychological achievement as it showed that we had atleast travelled 1 province on our countrywide road trip.

Sadiqabad is also served by Pakistan Railway.

Rahim Yar Khan (N5 kilometer marker 655)

With a population of 300000 (estimated 2006), the city of Rahim Yar Khan is a major stop on highway N5. The city was part of the princely state of Bahawalpur.

The city of Rahim Yar Khan dates back to 1875 when it was called Naushehra. It was founded by a person named Fazal Elahi Halani on the ruins of an ancient city called Pul-Wadda during Sumra supremacy period in Sindh. In 1881, the Railway authorities wanted to change the name of Naushehra as it was already a name of another city station near Peshawar called ‘Nowshera’. Consequently in order to avoid any confusion, Nawab Sadik Khan – IV of Bahawalpur state renamed the city after his first crown prince Rahim Yar Khan.

Rahim Yar Khan is also famous because the former President of the UAE, Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahayan had a residence built for him just outside the city, and is most referred to as his ‘Desert Palace’ by the locals. It is now owned by his son and successor Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahayan.

Rahim Yar Khan is also served by Pakistan Railway. Most of the trains stop here.

Rahim Yar Khan also boasts of an international airport with a 9300 ft long runway, called the Sheikh Zayed International. The airport was originally built for the exclusive use of Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahayan. He later donated it to the government of Pakistan.

Not many people know but Rahim Yar Khan has been declared a twin city of Paris, Abu Dhabi, Sydney and Cairo. A visit to Rahim Yar Khan by N5 clearly shows which one of the twins has got the step motherly treatment :)

Built in 1995, Rahim Yar Khan has a cricket stadium called ‘Mehmood Stadium’. The city also has a medical college called the Shaikh Zayed medical college.

Shaikh Wahan (N5 Km marker 677)

Mianwali Quraishan (N5 Km marker 687)

Sardar Garh (N5 Km marker 693)

Zahir Pir (N5 Km marker 707)

Fatehpur Kamal (N5 Km marker 719)

Khan Bela (N5 Km marker 734)

Tarinda Muhammad Panah (N5 kilometer marker 756)

Tarinda is a very small town on N5 but I have mentioned it here because it forms a very important junction to Panjnad headworks. While N5 goes a little bit east towards Bahawalpur, another road from Tarinda continues northward and via Panjnad and Muzzafargarh forms an alternate route to Multan.

Ahmedpur East (N5 kilometer marker 792)

Ahmedpur East was part of the now defunct princely state of Bahawalpur. Local name for this town is Ahmedpur Sharqia (eastern). As of 2006, it has an estimated population of 117000. After a recent realignment N5 bypasses the city.

Deran (N5 Km marker 794)

Nurpur Nauranga (N5 Km marker 814)

Khanqah Sharif (N5 Km marker 829)

Bahawalpur (N5 kilometer marker 844) – Our friend Roshan Malik has already covered introduction of Bahawalpur City at ATP here. Therefore I will not go into details of Bahawalpur except it is Pakistan’s 13th largest city with a population of ~400000 according to 1998 census.

ATP brings you the Complete Story of Travel on N5:

1. Traveling on N5 – I: Karachi to Rohri: 483 km
2. Traveling on N5 – II: Rohri to Bahawalpur: 361 km
3. Traveling on N5 – III: Bahawalpur to Lahore: 417 km
4. Traveling on N5 – IV: Lahore to Rawalpindi: 272 km
5. Traveling on N5 – V: Rawalpindi to Torkham: 216 km

Also see

1. Sukkur to Quetta by Highway N65

15 Comments on “Traveling on N5 – Part II”

  1. Shahran says:
    November 11th, 2006 7:51 pm

    Thanks for reminding my past experience. It is really nostalgic to hear some really remote areas where I had a great time. I was with ALCATEL Telecom in Pakistan and we had to do site survey in each and every remote places where someone would never would like to go in normal circumstances. Because of that I have travelled almost all of Punjab, Sindh and of course majority of Balochistan. Here are some of my memories of N-5.

    1. Just out of Hyderabad, there was a place called HALA NAKKA , a nice place to have a good Paratha, chaiy and Egg breakfast.

    2. From the road to Moro to Sukkur, there are really nice places that come such as Kot Digi which is an old castle.

    3. I had a nice Pakora at UBaro since I was there for Telephone exchange installation.

    4. Guddu barrage was great and my hosts had called me for a lunch which has a fresh, succulent fried fish.

    5. Once during the date plucking season, I was in Khairpur, I really loved the road which has date trees on both sides of the canals. In date plucking season, large number of people migrate from Punjab to Khairpur and they do the kjob to pluck the dates. While driving, there are a lot of raw dates that were lying next to the road.
    We stopped our car and took some that were lying next to our wheel and tasted.

    I guess those had the best taste, I ever had.

    6. Ahmedpur East is small nice town.

    Bhawalpur , next to the old dry Sutlej river, I remember the railway PHATAK which was really crowded once we entered the place. Nice area of Cantt.

    So keep updating on N5 and I will share my experience to those cities.

  2. mansoor says:
    November 12th, 2006 1:43 am


    u really wanna make me take a road trip. I’ve only gone up country through the railways, but after reading ur series, i think my next trip would be by road!

  3. Owais Mughal says:
    November 12th, 2006 2:41 am

    Shahran, thanks for providing your input. I wish I had a job like yours where I could get to travel. Now being a family man I don’t want to do that but there was a time when I used to go out of my way to get any chance of travel. I am planning to cover the journey on N5 all the way upto Torkham.

    From my childhood upto university days, I’ve travelled on N5 more than 15 times therefore I am able to recall many details.

    Mansoor. I do recommend atleast one road trip to Northern Pakistan all the way from Karachi. It certainly broadens one’s thoughts about our beautiful country. You will definitely enjoy.

  4. MQ says:
    November 12th, 2006 10:50 am


    A very informative post.

    I just want to share some additional information with you about the little known town, Daharki. You have already mentioned ENGRO’s fertilizer plant. This was the first fertilizer plant in private sector in Pakistan. It was built by one of the largest American Oil and Petrochemical companies, Esso, in 1968, which later changed its name to Exxon and recently to Exxon-Mobil. They also built a very modern, well-managed employees’ colony with a hospital, a very good school, playgrounds and a Cessna plane service to Karachi. The reason Exxon selected this site for their plant was the nearby Mari gas filed owned (or partly-owned) by Exxon. Natural gas is used, some of you would know, as the basic raw material for manufacturing Urea fertilizer. (It supplies the required Hydrogen.) Because of this plant Daharki became a train stop for most major trains going to Karachi. In fact, it was Exxon’s plant that put this otherwise little known town in Sindh on Pakistan’s map.

    In the late 80’s Exxon sold the plant and all its other assets to its employees who changed the company name to Engro. The Company is still run as one of the best-managed companies in Pakistan.

    And, Rahim Yar Khan, besides being known for the things you have already mentioned, is the home of Dalda Vanaspati. It was here that Lever Brothers set up their head office and the first vegetable ghee plant in Pakistan somewhere around 1947. I believe the plant is still there even though Levers have shifted their headoffice to Karachi.

  5. Shahran Asim says:
    November 12th, 2006 2:23 pm

    Also there is a small town before one reach multan called lodhran.

    Also once you move towards multan, you can see a large oil refinery called “PAK ARAB REFINERY LTD” which is strategically located halfway of Pakistan (if you check on the map you can verify that ! ).

    Also if you travel at night it looks like a city of lights.

    And if you move further towards multan, just before there is place called Shujaabad which is famous for Mangoes just like in Mirpurkhas in Sindh.

  6. Owais Mughal says:
    November 12th, 2006 10:31 pm

    Shahran don’t give up the story of our future epsiodes :) Lodhran, Shujabad, Multan will come in next part :)

  7. December 7th, 2006 1:25 pm

    [...] Read more: here [...]

  8. Sartaj Khan says:
    July 11th, 2007 3:53 am

    it is very good

  9. KB says:
    August 5th, 2007 10:23 am

    Hey Owais & Shahran,

    Came across this post while surfing for information on our family home.. and wanted to compliment you on this fantasic article :-)

    Also wanted a small favour. My family and I now live in Mumbai, India, and long to visit Pakistan particularly Sindh since my parents are originally from kot Sabzal in Bahwalpur. My Dad and Mum are now in their seventies and my siblings and I are trying to piece our family history/roots through their memories.
    We would be extremely greatful if you could send us any present day Photographs of Kot Sabzal you may have
    I would also love to hear more stories of your adventures. :-)
    Looking forward to hearing from you soon.
    Best Regards.
    KB (email

  10. Owais Mughal says:
    August 5th, 2007 4:45 pm

    Dear KB. The last time I passed through Kot Sabzal was in 1992 and many times before that. I don’t know when will I get chance to travel that route again as i live abroad now. As written in the post above the most important thing i remember about Kot Sabzal is that it is the first town in Punjab on the Sindh-Punjab provincial boundary therefore all vehicular traffic on highway N5 is checked there by the police of both provinces. I’ll rememver your request. Next time whenever i travel thru Kot Sabzal, i’ll remember to take some photos.

  11. KB says:
    August 6th, 2007 2:12 am

    Dear Owais,

    A big Thank You for the reply :-)..
    Seriously, just to get some kind of word actually spurs us on.. bless you.
    Look forrward to hearing from you again.
    Thanks once again from my entire family.
    Wish you the best always.

  12. Owais Mughal says:
    November 19th, 2008 12:18 pm

    Hi KB

    Here is a photo of Kot Sabzal town taken yesterday. You won’t find any photo of Kot Sabzal in media. It is rare so I thought of sharing with you and other readers. Subject are the participants of ‘Tour De Pakistan’ cycle race passing through Kot Sabzal on N5

  13. KB says:
    March 3rd, 2009 1:54 pm

    Thanks a ton!!!!! My sincerest apologies for the delay in reply.. A big big thank you fo your effort and for sharing the photo with us. My dad will not believe that it is the same town he was born in! :-) Once again thank you.
    Regards… KB

  14. Owais Mughal says:
    March 3rd, 2009 11:21 pm

    KB :) bari der ki mehrbaan aate aate. I just noticed that now there is a whole page on wiki dedicated to Kot Sabzal. Take a look here.

  15. Abdul Rehman says:
    June 19th, 2010 11:48 am

    found this page useful for planning my journey on this route

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