March 23, 1940: Lahore (Pakistan) Resolution

Posted on March 22, 2007
Filed Under >Adil Najam, History, Society
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Adil Najam

Other posts in this series for March 23, 2007 – here and here.

March 23 commemorates the passage of what was originally the ‘Lahore Resolution’ (Qarardad i Lahore) and later became better known as the ‘Pakistan Resolution’ (Qarardad i Pakistan). If there is a single most important founding document of Pakistan, it has to be this Resolution passed at the annual session of the All India Muslim League at its 1940 meeting (22-24 March) at Minto Park (now called Iqbal Park), Lahore (by the way, what a wonderful idea – for political parties to have annual, open, meaningful, annual sessions where real decisions are taken in a transparent and democratic manner!). In 1941, this Lahore (Pakistan) Resolution became part of the Muslim League constitution and in 1946 it became the basis of the demand for Pakistan.

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Most Pakistanis know what the resolution says; or, at least we think we do; in most cases rightly so. But because we are so very sure that we know what it says, we usually do not take the time to actually read it. Maybe we should. And there cannot be a better day to do so than today.It is, like many of the most important documents in history, a fairly short text. I reproduce it here in full. The first two paragraphs are contextual related to the then discussions on federation within the Government of India Act 1935. The third and the fourth paragraphs are the key operational content which is usually cited in textbooks. However, my view is that the final short paragraph is also key; especially in that it talks in the plural about “respective regions” (as do previous paragraphs).

While approving and endorsing the action taken by the Council and the Working Committee of the All-India Muslim League, as indicated in their resolutions dated the 27th of August, 17th & 18th September and 22nd of October, 1939, and 3rd of February, 1940 on the constitutional issue, this Session of the All-India Muslim League emphatically reiterates that the scheme of federation embodied in the Government of India Act 1935, is totally unsuited to, and unworkable in the peculiar conditions of this country and is altogether unacceptable to Muslim India.

It further records its emphatic view that while the declaration dated the 18th of October, 1939 made by the Viceroy on behalf of His Majesty’s Government is reassuring in so far as it declares that the policy and plan on which the Government of India Act, 1935, is based will be reconsidered in consultation with various parties, interests and communities in India, Muslims in India will not be satisfied unless the whole constitutional plan is reconsidered de novo and that no revised plan would be acceptable to Muslims unless it is framed with their approval and consent.

Minar i PakistanResolved that it is the considered view of this Session of the All-India Muslim League that no constitutional plan would be workable in this country or acceptable to the Muslims unless it is designed on the following basic principles, viz., that geographically contiguous units’ are demarcated into regions which should be constituted, with such territorial readjustments as may be necessary that the areas in which the Muslims are numerically in a majority as in the North Western and Eastern Zones of (British) India should be grouped to constitute “independent States” in which the constituent units should be autonomous and sovereign.

That adequate, effective and mandatory safeguards should be specifically provided in the constitution for minorities in these units in the regions for the protection of their religious, cultural, economic, political, administrative and other rights and interests in consultations with them and in other parts of (British) India where the Mussalmans (Muslims) are in a majority adequate, effective and mandatory safeguards shall be specifically provided in constitution for them and other minorities for the protection of their religious, cultural, economic, political, administrative and other rights and interests in consultation with them.

This session further authorises the Working Committee to frame a scheme of constitution in accordance with these basic principles, providing for the assumption finally by the respective regions of all powers such as defense, external affairs, communications, customs and such other matters as may be necessary.

Pakistan flag dimensionsApart from the fact that the Resolution talks clearly about “respective regions” (words that have import in the context of the events of 1971), I find the 4th paragraph particularly important. The complex structure of the language notwithstanding, the sentiment is clear as is its emphasis on the rights of minorities – not just of Muslims as a minority but of non-Muslim minorities in areas where they envisaged Muslim sovereignty. In such a short document, for the founding fathers to have devoted so much space to this issue would suggest that they – having lived as a minority themselves – considered the subject of minority rights to be of particular importance. This is one of the many areas where we were unable to live up to their aspirations.

46 Comments on “March 23, 1940: Lahore (Pakistan) Resolution”

  1. Daktar says:
    March 23rd, 2007 1:31 am

    Very interesting. Must say I had never really read the full text, although have known of its contents. As you point out, they were talking about REGIONS and in some ways, that is what ultimately happened with the creation of Bangladesh.

    The focus on minority rights is not surprising because they were themselves minorities and knew what it felt to me a minority.

  2. ada-paavi says:
    March 23rd, 2007 1:53 am

    hi, sorry first for posting a comment which is not related.

    I am interested in knowing how the average pakistani views india in general. from my interaction, they dont seem to share the animosity that the ruling elite and policy makers have. I would be happy if you could make a post on this. Is it just the ruling elite and a small section which is opposing the peace process? or is the anger much more wider even amongst the average pakistani.


  3. Samdani says:
    March 23rd, 2007 3:02 am

    I think the way Pakistanis view India is exactly the same as Indians view Pakistan. There are some who are passionately hateful of the other in both countries. There are many who enjoy that which is common but want to be left alone to be who they are. Pakistanis in our case, Indians in yours.

  4. mahi says:
    March 23rd, 2007 3:11 am

    This relates to the Pakistan flag, which i see above: On one of the videos posted on ATP itself, I remember seeing a Pakistan flag flying, which did not have the white portion. Can anyone comment on the history of the flag, its original design and subsequent developement?


  5. Jabir Khan says:
    March 23rd, 2007 3:26 am

    Adil, I think the majority of the minorities lived in East Pakistan, thus after the creation of Bangladesh, the white strip in the flag can not represent the exact ratio as was the case in 1947.

  6. Eidee Man says:
    March 23rd, 2007 3:53 am

    Great post…I must say I’ve learned a good bit of history from this blog. It might be a good idea to have some sort of compilation of these sort of posts so that people who are not addicted to to this blog (like I am) can view them in an organized format.

    “I think the way Pakistanis view India is exactly the same as Indians view Pakistan.”

    Samdani, unfortunately, I don’t think that is true. I think, overwhelmingly, people in Pakistan have a very favourable opinion of Indian people (i.e. not government). I live in the U.S. and I’ve met Indians from many parts of India and for some reason a lot of them think that we Pakistanis look at 1947 as a big, big tragedy. Sure, we’re all saddened by the number of people who died but most Pakistanis (correct me if I’m out of touch…I doubt it) consider the creation of Pakistan as a very favourable thing. Now, what the post-Jinnah people did to ruin things is different but we’re not dicussing that here.

  7. AS says:
    March 23rd, 2007 4:44 am

    I was brought-up & schooled in Pak, but have been working overseas since about a decade, during which time I have worked closely with various colleagues from across the border (North Indians, Tamils, Sikhs, Indian Muslims, etc.).
    I have observed that during various larger group events (parties, office functions, etc.), the people from sub-continent would usually group together, whereas the Goras would form another group. The common topics of discussion for men would be cricket or politics, whereas for ladies it would be bollywood, fashion, etc.
    It leads me to believe that Indians & Pakistans have a lot in common & actually enjoy socializing with each other.
    However, during our discussions with some of our closer Indian friends, we discovered the strong negative stereo-typism that prevailed on both sides, for each other.
    I have felt that this built-in bias (that we probably gradually develop during our formative years as a result of a system of society brainwash) usually presents an initial hurdle for any real progress from acquaintance towards real friendship.
    So, in summary, I believe that although there is clearly no outright animosity or hatred between the average person, but there probably is a lot of work to be done, if the prejudices & built-in negative perceptions about each other are to be overcome (a task for the respective media & governments on both sides, which probably will bear results for the next generation).
    Would be interesting to hear what others have to share, based upon their experiences.

  8. Disciple says:
    March 23rd, 2007 5:42 am

    Jabir, do you mean something like this?

  9. MQ says:
    March 23rd, 2007 7:36 am

    “I remember seeing a Pakistan flag flying, which did not have the white portion. Can anyone comment on the history of the flag, its original design and subsequent developement?”


    The all green flag that you mention might have been a Muslim League (political party) flag, which is similar to the national flag minus the white portion. Pakistan’s official flag has not changed.

  10. Jabir Khan says:
    March 23rd, 2007 7:53 am

    Disciple, ofourse not, just let the flag remain as it is. But the link you provided says we got rid of the minorities. I say it is false because those minorities are infact now part of Bangladesh. If the word riddance is to be used, then Yahya Khan got ‘rid’ of our own muslim brother’s and sisters living in East Pakistan.
    As to continue the conversaion, what do you think the star in our flag represents?

  11. Pervaiz Munir Alvi says:
    March 23rd, 2007 9:50 am

    Adil Najam: Thank you for this timely post. Reading Lahore/Pakistan resolution on this joyous occasion of Pakistan Day is very heart warming and reassuring in times like this. One point though. The resolution was adopted by the general council of the party in its indoor session held in the auditorium of the Islamia College (Cooper Road), Lahore. Then later on it was presented to the public and endorsed by it in the general public meeting held at the then Minto Park grounds, the same grounds where Emperors Akbar and Jahangir and Shahjahan used to watch elephant marches and galloping horses from the Shahi Qala (Royal Fort). Our people have come a long way. But we also have a way to go yet. Allow me to wish all of my Pakistani brothers and sisters a very happy Pakistan Day. Pakistan Paindabad.

  12. Samdani says:
    March 23rd, 2007 10:33 am

    Those who are recounting their view of how Indians view Pakistan are probably right and I suspect those same Indians would say the exact same about ‘average’ Pakistanis. Just go to YouTUbe or past posts on this blog and see how this conversation quickly transforms into fingerpointing. Even if you look at the discussion on Woolmer seems like some people are more worried about what Indians are saying than about the por guy being killed! The exact same is true on the other side. Of course this is because people in both countries have been trained to think that way about the other.

    But yes the one thing that gets me mad is when Indians assume that any Pakistani criticizing what is happening in Pakistan or talking about peace with India is automatically saying that he wishes to rejoin India or that partition was a mistake. We worry about Pakistan because we want a better Pakistan, not because we want to rejoin India.

  13. Samdani says:
    March 23rd, 2007 10:37 am

    On the white in the flag, it ws NEVER meant to be in proportion of the nuber of minorities in Pakistan. It was ALWAYS supposed to be much greater than that. The purpose was to highlight a national committment to minority rights, whcih was never kept.

    Also, this argument that minorities are less now because East Pakistan became Bangladesh is totally wrong. The lot of migration of non-Muslims from Pakistan out happened in the early 1950s and around the same time the big wave of Muslims migrated to Pakistan.

  14. Critic says:
    March 23rd, 2007 10:44 am

    Hey regarding how Pakistanis view India, well here is my 2 cents worth.

    I think that although most of the Pakistanis believe that both countries should enjoy good friendly relations and solve most of our outstanding problems through discourse.

    However we are vehemently against any discourse or action which would result in some sort of a loose confederation between India and Pakistan or which might relegate us to a role similar to Nepal or Bhutan in the region.

    We want peace but we are an independent and free country of 160 million people and peace should not come at the expense of our freedom or values or even at the expense of our role in the region and history. We are free and Inshallah we will be free as long as the sun keep rising and the grass keep growing.

  15. mahi says:
    March 23rd, 2007 12:00 pm

    MQ, thanks for the info.

    Samdani, in a *very broad* way you are right. But I think its too simplistic to think Indians and Pakistanis think similarly about the other. This clubbing allows us to seem democratic and fair, but in terms of getting a genuine and nuanced idea of the inherent issues, it wont go far. I think AS indicates this in his post.

    Here is one question I would like some Pakistanis to take a stab at. In real life, I know only 1 Pakistani, who isn’t particularly given to sensitive topics, so I have to ask it here. My perception over the years is that Pakistan (deffly its govts, and possibly most of its people) thinks India is a danger to its existence/freedom (one comment above even touches upon such a fear). This is one sentiment that I think I can safely say many Indians fail to fathom. For Indians, its hard to think of themselves as being an aggressive threat to Pakistan. Can you guys comment – what events/notions/facts this Pakistani sentiment may have roots in?

  16. Jabir Khan says:
    March 23rd, 2007 12:22 pm

    Ofcourse the flux of migration took place bothways. That should be true for East Paskitan. But remember the preindependence West Pakistan was a Muslim majority area.

    Bangladesh still has about 12 percent non-muslims population. If East Pakistan was present today, that would make a hefty proportion of the white strip.

  17. March 23rd, 2007 12:41 pm


    Thanks for a great post at an appropriate given the recent situation that Pakistan is facing.

    Few years back , I was reading the exact proceedings of 23rd March 1940 in Urdu Digest and there it was mentioned that the famous poem “Millat Ka Pasban hai Muhammad Ali Jinnah ” was recited on that particular day (I think it was written by Mian Bashir but I am not sure). This was then sung by the Late Masood Rana and was quite popular.

  18. Critic says:
    March 23rd, 2007 1:19 pm

    Hey Mahi

    I guess the reason why we india as having aggressive designs is twofold.

    1. I have met a few indians in my lifetime and during converstaion the thing that always comes up is when my indian friends say “Hey, why did you guys get separated from us, we should have remained together.” I am quite sure that that is a innocent may be even friendly remark but from the other side of the table (The pakistani side) the remark seems to question the existance of Pakistan as a separate and free country and implies that we should have never become a free and separate country.

    2. Its well known that the hawks in Indian government tend to see South Asia as their exclusive domain of influence. Considering as to how much India has dominated the smaller countries of the region (Nepal Bhutan) we cannot but feel that lowering our guard may result our being relegated to the status of an Indian satellite country.

  19. Critic says:
    March 23rd, 2007 1:20 pm

    Correction (second line): …reason why we *see* india as having…

  20. Lahori says:
    March 24th, 2007 12:17 pm

    Reading this in full actually has much more impact. Thank you for posting. The importance being attached to minority rights here shows that they knew exactly what the key challenge would be and were preparing for it. Unfortunately, we did not really pay heed. But then, we did not pay much heed to anything they said!

  21. March 24th, 2007 12:50 pm

    Adil sb.

    You’ve made some excellent points… which need to emphasised… The Lahore Resolutuion translates into this:

    1. The idea was not necessarily a unitary state per se but two or more states … which may or may not be within an over all confederation with the rest of India. The language was kept ambiguous by the drafters (notably Sir Zafrullah Khan)i.e. “Independent” and “autonomous” primarily to leave the door for negotiation on these issues, as desired by Jinnah … Bangladesh and Pakistan are put together in one state at Nehru’s insistence… even though Sarat Bose (Netaji’s brother), Suhrwardy and Jinnah had agreed to form an independent Bangladesh in 1947 (Read Shameful Flight by Stanley Wolpert)

    2. The protection of minorities is an important point which not only shows the liberal and progressive concerns of Pakistan’s founding fathers- as they were well aware that they were championing a minoritarian demand themselves- but also that they envisaged Pakistan-India relations based on mutual cooperation and aid.

    Thus … as Jinnah later described it… Lahore Resolution was a demand by Indians based on the idea that India was for Indians….and that Muslims were as Indian as anyone else – which was why this demand was put forth.

  22. mahi says:
    March 24th, 2007 2:17 pm

    Hi Critic – thanks for answering my query. It strikes me that I got just one response. Is it because people are wary of getting into a shouting match with an Indian? Or is it that there is an inherent disinclination to entertain an Indian on a Pakistani forum? Guess we’ll never know…

    You are right about what you say (in your first point). I too am one who entertains the ‘why couldn’t we be together’ notion. And as you rightly suspect, its a good-will sentiment. It is certainly not an expression of resentment or an indication of stealth hopes to take over Pakistan. In truth, in most cases, its the desi way of encapsulating good-will. One of the deeper reasons this sentiment exists amongst Indians, perhaps, is that we dont really have a TRUE appreciation of why Pakistanis wanted a seperate nation – beyond the generic idea of a seperate-homeland-for-Muslims. Or maybe Indians just can’t accept or undersand that someone doesn’t want to live with them? Anyway, Indian school history does not focus in detail on these events. They are very anesthetised (possibly a legacy of early years of Nehruvian secularism). If I’m any indication, for many Indians of my generation its a mystery why citizenry of Pakistan feel they couldn’t/can’t live with us.
    Anyway, from the Indian side, we obviously dont realise that such an innocuous sentiment has the potential to cause so much heartache. Mostly people think we never attacked them, never showed open aggression, why dont they trust us? Rightly or wrongly, Indians have the sense that their nation is not an aggressive one.

    Your second point — true, Indian administartion behaves quite immaturely in dealing with other states of the subcontinent. This irritates me quite a bit. I wish we were more sensitive and less haughty. That said, think about this: Nepal is largely Hindu-Buddhist, shares even closer cultural affinity with India than Pakistan, many Nepalis work in the Indian army, is way smaller than Pakistan, is stuck with India for any realistic contact with the outside world. But it occurs to me that there has never really been a ‘takeover’ effort by us or even a covert threats administered to annex Nepal? If you think Nepal has sacrified some autonomy for this, think of Sri Lanka. Inspite of the whole Tamil connection and cultural similarity, leaving aside the botched peace-keeping effort of Rajiv Gandhi years, Sri Lanka I believe enjoys its own life. I’ve never felt Indian governments tried to bring down SL, so we can ‘reunite’ with them. So while there is merit to your sense that India’s behavior in the subcontinent, governmental interaction-wise, is less than exemplary, I think its counter to the facts that this should lead to notions of national safety for Pakistan. Besides, Pakistan is much much bigger and more visible internationally than every other subcontinental state to be bully-ed around or treated as a satellite by India. Don’t you think?

  23. Samdani says:
    March 24th, 2007 3:25 pm

    Mahi, at least on my part, the disinclination to go down this line of conversation is that we have had these so many times on this blog and elsewhere and I am not sure where they lead us.

    If you go back and see all the posts like this here, on 14 Aug etc, you will see that our Indian freinds (the nice ones, not the shouting ones) always turn them into conversations about the rationale of Pakistan, how it is different ffrom India, and by inference whethere it is a rationale that makes sense. Obviously, they have not cme to terms with the reality of Pakistan. Its here. Why does one have to defend why its here. Even those of us who see many problems in it never question its existence or the need for its existence. The notion that maybe, just maybe, somehow things coudl have been different and it should not have happened is not just a useless discussion, its an offensive discussion for us. I realize that it is not meant to be, but it is.

    By the same token, I have realized that many things we say are offensive to our Indian colleagues. Like when some of us confuse ‘Indian’ with ‘Hindu’.

    Again, there is NOTHING at all offensive in what you wrote. I think you are very polite and pertinent in your messages, and I thank you for that.

  24. Eidee Man says:
    March 24th, 2007 10:22 pm

    Here’s one reason why our country has so many problems. Here’s a recent speech (crazy rant a-la Howard Dean?) by terrorist-in-chief Altaf Hussain. For some reason he’s trying to stress that the name Pakistan is not even in the resolution and somehow that means what?

    MQM supporters need to watch the above and slap themselves afterwards.

  25. mahi says:
    March 25th, 2007 3:05 am

    Samdani, thanks for your response. If I understand you correctly (in conjunction with a comment from Adil in the aftermath of the Samjhauta Exp bombing), Pakistanis dislike the very idea of discussing or bringing up anything related to partition. Fair enough, I guess it comes across as questioning your separate existence.

    I’ll leave you with an (possibly imperfect) analogy as to why Indians see it as an obvious thing to discuss: say your spouse decides he/she has to leave you for a better life. Even if you respect their choice, how likely is it that you will not want to know or understand why they wanted to leave you in the first place? Unless you kicked them out, won’t you entertain the belief that the differences could be worked out? At the least, wont you want to understand the differences? Want to say, it wasn’t about me? Will you be able to say they know best, I’ll never even try to rationally understand their decision? Or is any questioning on your part only an unstated intent of demolition of their individuality?

    (Just to be clear, I’m aware the analogy isn’t perfect, just couldn’t think of something better).

    If Pakistanis really believe that there is such a fundamental basis for their separate existence (beyond the realm of questioning) I can’t help think that it shortchanges the hundreds of years of Mulsim rule in the subcontinent. Did the great Mughals then fail to establish any kind of ‘Indian’ culture? Any kind of common ground, that their descendants can only survive under a separate umbrella?

    Anyhow, you must be correct in that this forum must have discussed such topics by the bushel in the past, so please ignore this message, if you feel it goes down the same road.

  26. March 25th, 2007 4:19 am


    The perception of Indian threat to Pakistan is not without basis… your finest prime minister.. Jawaharlal Nehru wrote to Sri Prikasa :

    “I was amazed that you hinted at Kashmir being handed over to Pakistan. If we did anything of the kind, our Government would not last many days and there would be no peace…. it would lead to war with Pakistan because of the public opinion here and warlike elements coming in control of our policy. We cannot and will not leave Kashmir to its fate… the Fact that Kashmir is of most vital significance to India… Here lies the rub…. we have to see this through to the end. Kashmir is going to be a drain on our resources, but it is going to be a greater drain on Pakistan.

    Page 189- Shameful Flight by Stanley Wolpert.

  27. mahi says:
    March 26th, 2007 12:04 am

    YLF: I think we have to differentiate between Pakistan and Kashmir. Nehru is referring to the Kashmir tussle, hardly about Pakistan proper. And as in any tussle/battle, you will keenly appraise your advantages. Thats hardly to mean that Nehru is out to get Pakistan. That Nehru thinks of Kashmir from an Indian perspective should hardly be a surprise. Also, Pakistan is its own master in brooking the drain of resources or not.

    So this can hardly be the basis for a threat to your national existence no?

  28. YLH says:
    March 26th, 2007 7:06 am


    I am very surprised by your comment. Are you saying that it was okay for someone like Nehru, who was extremely self righteous and who often waxed eloquent about a new world blah … to declare that Kashmir conflict should be perpetuated because it would be a greater drain on Pakistan?

  29. mahi says:
    March 26th, 2007 3:59 pm

    YLH: Of course not, I think my comment stems a different understanding of your Nehru quote. I don’t believe Nehru is saying here that we will keep that conflict alive to drain Pakistan. But that the conflict cannot be resolved by India withdrawing. In which case, if Pakistan wants to keep the conflict simmering, it will drain Pakistan more. As far as I understand things, Indian govt’s de facto position (and one that is an easy sell politically) is that the Kashmir issue is settled with the LOC. So Nehru isn’t suggesting bleeding Pakistan, but that if the LoC based status quo is not good enough for Pakistan, then Pakistan bleeds more. (This is what I meant by ‘Pakistan is its own master in brooking the drain of resources of not’.)

    So my point was that this has to be expected of an India leader answerable to the Indian masses.

  30. YLH says:
    March 27th, 2007 2:26 am

    Dear Mahi,

    I suggest that you read Stanley Wolpert’s “Shameful Flight” and see for yourself the entire context.

    Jawaharlal Nehru had a blindspot when it came to Pakistan. That after Gandhi and Jinnah’s departure, he was the only leader of any stature might have masked that blindspot… but books now coming out seem to be showing the real picture.

  31. Behl says:
    August 12th, 2007 7:54 am

    Dear Sir, I was born in Lahore in 1934. Have always wanted to visit— being an Indian couldn’t become possible. I have not read the above posts. I wish things settle down in Pk and the present turmoil disappears soon.Through my site a young person from Pk came in contact with me– I couldn’t help him much; he wanted to get treated here for his disease. I said you merely spend to & fro fare only; here you will live free; no expence. But without telling me any reason for not doing, after a while he went off contact. God help him if he still is in need of that. I am at the last small lap of my life. But if I can help any needy from lahore to get treated here, I would consider that as a special privilege. Best wishes to all Lahorians. God bless, Prem

  32. Mashaal says:
    March 18th, 2008 11:04 am

    Thank you for a very nice post.

  33. ASADULLAH says:
    March 21st, 2008 11:57 pm

    I think every new MNA should be made to read this out loud. Actually let them write the 23 March resolution in long hand – 10 times. SO that they actually get what it said!

  34. Qaiser says:
    March 22nd, 2008 11:05 pm

    Thank you for putting up the full text. I had never read it. It was useful to read it.

  35. Rehan says:
    March 22nd, 2010 11:02 pm

    Let make a promise for the safety and long liveness of this country, that we all will do our best to make this country as a united country, and all the needy and poor people will not be appear as a needy and poor people of the this country anymore, they will be rich and they will work for a united Pakistan. Our elders saw a dream of Pakistan in 1940 and there dream comes true due to their struggle, now we’ve to see a dream of a United Pakistan and we’ve to struggle to make our dream true. We’ll do this, Insha’Allah.

    Follow me! on:

  36. TALLAH says:
    March 23rd, 2010 4:35 am

    Pakistan is our beloved country we should cooperate with each other.Inshallah soon Pakistan will become the great nation in the world. Pakistan Zinda Bad.

    Pakistan Zinda Bad

  37. D M maharaj says:
    March 23rd, 2010 11:05 am

    Congradulation for award holder
    today is a 23rd march 2010. nation of pakistan celibrate this day in the every carnur of pakistan and abroud were pakistani muchan or serving for the betterment of pakistan. this day is staggle of founder pakistan Quidi Azam mohummed Ali junnah, shaheed zulfqar Ali bhutto, shaheed rani moterma benuzeer bhutto and is hole family secrifys for pakistan.its great oppurtunity for the people of pakistan that today is 23rd march the day is berth of mohterma nusrat bhutto and the days resulation for estiblished of pakistan . the flag of pakistan is divide of two parts first is green and 2nd is colur shows is the sacrifys of muslim and white is fundamantal right of minorites.hindu muslim or living togather and no discreamnation is b/w both living bratherly celibrating factivile togather.
    on 23rd march president house celibrate a 23rd march day for social service militry service human service madical service education service and all mainkind award distributed by the honerable president Asif Ali Zardari. D M Maharaj president bright future social welfare org.. badin sindh pakistan congradulate to all award holder. and wish them and pry for long life and respect and hope the will serve the nation with onisty the will not leave there brother manority is living pakistan .

  38. Obaidullah Paracha says:
    March 23rd, 2010 2:53 pm

    Gud info…!…

  39. Bin Ismail says:
    March 24th, 2010 7:58 am

    The fourth paragraph of the Pakistan Resolution of 23rd March 1940 reads as follows:

    “That adequate, effective and mandatory safeguards should be specifically provided in the constitution for minorities in these units in the regions for the protection of their religious, cultural, economic, political, administrative and other rights and interests in consultations with them and in other parts of (British) India where the Mussalmans (Muslims) are in a majority adequate, effective and mandatory safeguards shall be specifically provided in constitution for them and other minorities for the protection of their religious, cultural, economic, political, administrative and other rights and interests in consultation with them.”

    This paragraph is in relation to the minorities of Pakistan. The following 3 points of this paragraph deserve keen attention:

    1. About the constitutional safeguards envisioned for the minorities, the text says that they would be: (a)adequate, (b)effective and (c)mandatory.

    2. The rights and interests of the minorities acknowledged by this Resolution are: (a)religious, (b)cultural, (c)economic, (d)political, (e)administrative and (f)other.

    3. These constitutional safeguards would be identified “in consultation with them [minorities]“.

    Patriotism aside, but when one considers the performance of our state in relation to what we resolved on the 23rd of March 1940, one cannot help but feel ashamed over our miserable failure.

  40. aaaaaa says:
    April 5th, 2010 10:47 am

    Great Info

  41. maqbool a. soomro says:
    October 13th, 2010 9:56 am

    my humble request to govt.please creact hormoneus atmosphre with in the groups & abide to islamic laws as well

  42. nazir ali says:
    November 18th, 2010 7:51 pm

    Why do we (Muslims) face Problems? Some of the Reasons of our Destruction!! (inc the floods/earthquakes etc…)

    Pride in Nations: A Muslim should be proud of being a Muslim and not being a Pakistani, or Bengali or Pashtoon etc. A Muslim should not be racist/nationalists, it’s totally Haraam in Islam; prophet (saw) said “People should give up their pride in nations because this is a coal from the coals of hell-fire. If they do not give this up Allah (swt) will consider them lower than a lowest worm which pushes itself through khur (faeces/poo/dung).” [abu Dawd & Tirmidhi]. Rasulallah (saw) said: if someone has an equivalent of a mustard seed weight of pride (thinking of being better than others etc i.e. Pakistani! Bengali! Indian! Pathan) Janat (paradise) is Haraam for him. (Bukhari & Muslim)

    Muslims’ Dress Code: Muslim Male & Female must wear cloths in which no one can see the shape of the body or a part of a body except what law allows. Prophet (saw) prophesied about this time that “females will appear naked even while wearing cloths & he (saw) warned that they’ll be in be in HELL! So Muslim sisters there is NO POINT OF WEARING A SCARF IF THE SHAPE OF THE LEGS or Bum or Breast OF A PERSON is visible. This will become a Joke with Hijab. Scarf is a Must but the rest if the figure/body must not be sexually appealing to others.

    Dress Code & free-mixing: Sisters: The bosoms (Breast) should be covered with an additional cloth or scarf. Doesn’t matter if you wear Shalwar qameez or Jeans it’s only ok if it’s not a see through/transparent and only if it’s LOOSE-FIT and girls should also cover arms not & shouldn’t wear half sleeves cloths.

    Muslims are not allowed to chit-chat with opposite sex cousins or brother/sister in laws as they are also non-Mehram in Islam! Muslim men/guys MUST grow their beards as it’s command of prophet (saw) no excuses! He (saw) said: “Be different from the pagans (unbelievers), grow your beards & trim your mustache” (Bukhari & Muslim). We should care about every little thing as Allah says in Qur’an “ Every minor good done (the individual) will see it, and every little evil done (you) will see it” so we can’t say let’s look at bigger issues they’re minor etc, No! Allah says every minor/tiny/little thing will be placed on our scale. And fasting in the month of Ramadhan should make us good for the rest of 11 months too or there is absoloutely no point in fasting!!

    Importance of Pure Behaviour: Bowing down on knees in front of a lady is not Islamic as Muslims are not allowed to bow down or prostrate to anyone, but to Allah. Not parents, proposed bride/groom, religious leaders, king/queen, but only to Allah, only to Allah alone. Reading Horoscopes, magic, taweez (telismans) are Haraam. Also get rid of mortgages & credit-cards as interest is haraam! Hadith: “The lowest sin of interest/usury amongst many is adultery with own mother! So if you’re proud you mortgaged a house, can you say instead that “I’d zina/adultery with my own mother”?!! No? so sell it & live on rent.

    Prayer & General Advise of Halal & Haraam: Muslim means follower of Islam which means ‘To submit yourself to Allah’. So if you do what YOU like than LOOK in the MIRROR!! Can you see Muslim? No? than make that CHANGE<<<Coz you wanna see Muslim in the Mirror not Kafir!!!
    A Muslim must not miss his single prayer, as Rasulallah (saw) said: Difference between a Muslim & kafir is the salah (5 daily prayers) Sahih Muslim. And also we must not buy stolen goods from people & should not break the law unless it stops us from practicing our faith
    1) Hadith in Bukhari suggests that we should have same size haircuts, we shouldn’t have some cut here some there (as new style suggests) (2) A man came to Prophet (saw) whose hair were rough/scruffy, the prophet (saw) told him: “don’t have hair like devil, comb it!!! Aslo female who wears perfume is considered as zina/adultery if non-Mehram smell her according to hadith in sahih al-Bukhari… And talking about your sins is also Haraam as indirectly you're advertising the sins & making it look it's ok to it (creating Fitna) & Allah said in Qur'an: Fitna is worst than committing murder!!!

    Also Democracy/Jamhooriat is Kufr as Allah says in Qu'ran that any law than the law of Allah is kufr so try being kind but never bow down or believe in democracy as Only Allah has the right to legislate, no one else!!!

  43. Fariha says:
    March 11th, 2011 4:10 pm

    I want the history of mualana ali johar in urdu

  44. Mervyn Hosein says:
    March 22nd, 2011 6:51 am

    As we come to the 70th commemoration of the Pakistan Resolution perhaps we need to consider if we, through our leaders and our total lack of the Rule of Law, have brought ourselves to the point where we are trying to prove Abul Kalam Azad right. (The Partition of India was a fundamental mistake!) Current history and the creation Bangladesh have already largely proved the much of those five paragraphs void.The fourth, and, from a nation point of view, most important paragraph is increasingly being ripped to irreparable shreds. I think we need to step back, re-read the Resolution and see if we, the people that are left, can yet gather the intelligence and national spirit to convert our nightmare into what was Mr Jinnah’s dream.

  45. March 22nd, 2011 12:34 pm

    Great resolution, Great Nation, Love you Pakistan

  46. M.Farhan says:
    March 23rd, 2011 10:41 am

    Wish u all the best PAKISTAN
    i love PAKISTAN……………….!
    & INSHALLAH PAKISTAN win this World cup almost

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