Neem: The UN’s Tree of the 21st Century, Salimuzzaman Siddique, and Asif Ali Zardari

Posted on May 4, 2011
Filed Under >Adil Najam, Environment, People, Science and Technology
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Adil Najam

It seems that the United Nations has declared Neem (Azadirachta indica) as “The Tree of the 21st Century.” I should confess that I have not been able to find an official reference to such a proclamation (especially since I was not aware that the UN would officially make such a pronouncement) but I have now found multiple references of such a designation on ‘Neem-friendly’ websites. If it is, in fact, official; I am very glad because I am a huge fan of this fantastic tree. Even if it is not, that does not take away anything from the tree, which remains deserving of acclaim and recognition. Most importantly, I am happy that it is finally getting the recognition in this century that was so hard to come by in the last century.

I am specially happy because Pakistan and Pakistanis (amongst others) had a lot to do with getting the one lowly Neem tree the prominence that is is now enjoying.

Of course, the most obvious and important Pakistani connection is that the Neem tree is indigenous to Pakistan and adjoining regions (India, Pakistan, Indonesia, Malaysia). Its new-found reputation as a wonder tree full of medicinal benefits comes largely from how it has been used for ages in this region, and its reputation as “nature’s pharmacy” comes precisely from the fact that is exactly how people in Pakistan and India have used it for ages.

But if there was one person more than all others who worked tirelessly to explore, document and propagate the scientific and medicinal properties of every part of this wonder tree – seed, root, leaf, bark – it was eminent Pakistani scientist, Dr. Salimuzzaman Siddiqui. I recall vividly how, in my only meeting with him, his passion was so very evident – not only for the Neem tree but for the wonders of scientific research. I met him in the late 1980s, by which time he was already in his 90s. Yet, the passion was alive and evident even then, and it remains my most enduring memory of him.

As I looked at various Neem sites today listing all its benefits (some, obviously over-stated) I was reminded of Dr. Siddiqui: how Neem has many wonders in it, and how it can do many things – even if it cannot do everything that its fans credit it for – but it is for us and science to figure out through research what it can do and how we can best benefit from it.

Dr. Salimuzzaman Siddiqui was a tireless advocate of Neem and its many uses well before it became fashionable to be so. Indeed, my sense is that it was his ground-breaking early research that enabled others to build upon his foundations and encouraged others to follow his lead. Today there is a mushrooming (apologies for the mixed metaphor) research on Neem, but as one of the early pioneers who developed a systematic program of research around the Neem, Dr. Salimuzzaman Siddique deserves high praise for his scientific work in this area.

That pioneering work has been taken forward by other scientists and by environmentalists and environmental organizations in Pakistan and just about a year ago, in March 2010, the government of Sindh designated Neem as the official tree of Sindh. Indeed, another fan of the Neem tree is President Asif Ali Zardari, who had a Neem tree planted at his residence (please, lets keep the politics out of this one). In fact, some insight into Mr. Zardari’s own passion for the tree was provided in this October 2010 speech he made at an international conference on climate change and development, at which I had also spoken:

… when I was in prison, I would plants Neem trees or I would plant fruit trees and I had the opportunity of tasting the fruit of trees that I had planted in prison. So it is a change from within. It is what I plant in my home and what I do with my environment around me. It is what trees I select. For example when I was the chairman [of the Pakistan Environmental Council] we made Neem tree the tree of Pakistan and till to date in our government the neem tree is what I am hoping and always bring the awareness to the world on.

There are two dimensions to this tree. A, it gives you anti-pollution, secondly the wood is very non-productive for the environmental thieves that we have all around the world. (Read full speech here).

But this is not about Mr. Zardari or his speeches. This is about celebrating the Neem tree. A tree that clearly needs to be celebrated. I hope it will also get more research from a new generation of Salimuzzaman Siddiquis.

14 responses to “Neem: The UN’s Tree of the 21st Century, Salimuzzaman Siddique, and Asif Ali Zardari”

  1. Umar says:

    Another wonderful post. Just the thought of writing about and honoring a tree (especially in a country where we do not even honor the very best of our citizens!)

    P.S. By the way, @Rasheed. What a pathetic little man you must be. What a loser and self-concieted little man! I pity you and your kind!

  2. Sridhar says:


    Come home. We usually have a stock of dried Neem flowers and will make you that Rasam. It is somewhat bitter and is an acquired taste but bitterness is not the only taste the Neem flowers impart. And in a spicy, sour Rasam the bitterness blends in quite well and is not dominant.

    I remember how we first introduced each other to our respective cuisines many years ago. It was fun – I wish we were still in the same place.

    Where you are currently, you might find the Neem flowers Rasam though it is not typically available in restaurants. If there is some place that offers home-style food or if somebody has a catering business out of home, you might find it.

  3. Rasheed says:

    While I agree that the Neem is a great tree, and a sweetheart of the ethnopharmacology community, the timing of this post is very inappropriate. While Neem is found in Pakistan, it’s not what Pakistan is about, and is grown elsewhere, too. You could have let people keep their focus upon what dangerous turn Pakistan is taking.

    While your country is on the brink of falling apart, you are TALKING ABOUT THE NEEM TREE? Or maybe I misspoke — you’re now American, not Pakistani any more. So you have to do Namak Halaalee. Does leave one to wonder, though, if some secret service for the CIA is going on – as a mind-control agent for them inducing catharsis among their victims.

    An appropriate post could have been street reaction to the inaction or silence of the P. M. and Prez, both apparently quite incompetent, and calls by fmr. F. M. and oppsosition leadership for their resignation.

  4. Owais Mughal says:


    I am surprised to know that neem flower is used in food. I’d like to taste it sometimes. I’ve had rasam several times but never with neem flower. I would not have thought that neem could be used in cooking because with neem a taste of bitterness comes to mind – but neem flowers may be different story. never tasted those.

    In Urdu there is a famous saying – which goes like this:

    “ek to karela …oopar se neem chaRha”

    i.e. karela + neem = something super bitter :)

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