Here is the good news: If you read the editorials in Pakistan’s major English newspapers today on the Faisal Shahzad episode, they mostly get it right. I have not yet read all the major Urdu newspaper editorials, but the ones I have also get it mostly right. And that is even more important.
Here is the even better news: All of them recognize something vital and vitally important – and something that too much of the US media has missed. That much more important than figuring out all the trivia that we can muster about Faisal Shahzad, is the enterprise of finding out what his case tells us about the changing landscape of alienation, anger and, ultimately, extremist violence; and, more importantly, about what needs to be done about it.
Here is the bad news: These editorials in the Pakistani press are also right in the diagnosis that Faisal Shahzad has not only increased the monumental challenges that Pakistan already faces in dealing with the terrorist threats. Threats that are (mostly) targeting Pakistanis in Pakistan, but also remain directed outside Pakistan’s borders.
Here is the even more bad news and a possible gleam of hope: A careful reading of these editorials also makes clear that although Pakistan is now doing much more on dealing with terrorism than it once did, it needs to do much more, but also that doing so is neither easy nor guaranteed to easy and early success. However – and this is the gleam of hope – there is a conviction in these editorials that tackling terrorism head-on (both of the ‘domestic’ and ‘export’ variety’) is in Pakistan’s own interest and something that we should do not because outside forces want us to do but because we ourselves need to do. The fact that this conviction is beginning to show roots – even if only in editorial writers in the beginning – is clearly a good thing.
First, the Dawn editorial:
WORRYINGLY yet another abortive attack in the West has been linked to Pakistan. The arrest of Faisal Shahzad, a 30-year-old Pakistani-born American, has already led to news that he was calling Pakistan in the days leading up to his attempted bombing of Times Square in New York. Reports that the crudely assembled bomb had little chance of exploding will come as a relief, indicating as they do a certain level of amateurishness involved. Nevertheless, the attempt was serious enough to warrant some intense questions.
First, what is it that is driving people such as Faisal Shahzad and the five young men who recently travelled to Pakistan from the US in search of jihad? Media reports suggest that Mr Shahzad was the quintessential middle-class Pakistani travelling to the West in search of education and employment opportunities and settling down there with a wife and two young children. What made Mr Shahzad attempt mass murder, presumably in the name of religion? Asking this question isnâ€™t the same as the nonsense about the need to understand the â€˜legitimateâ€™ grievances of disaffected young Muslims. It seems very clear that whether it is Al Qaeda or the Taliban or some other brand of international terrorism, the militants have honed in on a vulnerability in the West: young Muslims with the established legal right to live in the countries they appear to hate so much. Without understanding this vulnerability â€” Americans though must be careful to not turn against the Muslim population, as Mayor Bloomberg warned â€” an already serious threat may keep growing in severity.
Second, why is it that all terrorist routes seem to lead to Pakistan generally and Fata specifically? While perhaps the absence of a modern state in Fata can partially explain the problems there, there is really no such excuse for Pakistan proper. Itâ€™s been nearly 10 years since 9/11 and still the infrastructure of jihad in urban Pakistan, which is likely the first port of call for those travelling from foreign lands in search of jihad, has not been uprooted. The spread of literature and audio and video paraphernalia glorifying jihad and calling for violence against the West, India, Israel, etc continues unchecked. Itâ€™s not like the centres for such violent propaganda are not known or cannot be located easily.
Third, should more not be done with the greatest of urgency to increase Pakistanâ€™s counter-terrorism capabilities? While it is true that the state has enhanced its response and beefed up intelligence, it is clear that lapses persist. Perhaps Pakistani authorities need to realise that another 9/11 would be a game-changer of devastating proportions.
Here, then, is what The News has to say:
Today, it often seems that what we export most often is terrorism. The arrest in New York of a Pakistan-American, even as he boarded a plane that would have taken him to Dubai, acts to confirm this in the eyes of the world. Even if we, as Pakistanis, know that most people in the country oppose terrorism and have no sympathies with those who make killing a mission, the fact is that many in other places see Pakistanis as terrorists. The impact of this has come in the form of the unleashing of racist violence and all kinds of more subtle discrimination. In one way or another, tens of thousands of Pakistanis have suffered. The question is whether enough is being done to stop the export of violence and ensure that a softer, more flattering spotlight is directed towards Pakistan. The arrest of Faisal Shahzad indicates that the mindset which spurs on terrorism has poisoned even those who enjoy wealth and privilege.
Perhaps our thesis that it is essentially the poor who are exploited by the militants is somewhat flawed. Perhaps we need to do more to stop the slow poisoning of minds. A process of brainwashing has continued for years. It needs to be reversed. The strategy for this must be worked out. Psychologists, educators, media people, clerics and others with social influence need to be involved. We must convince people, particularly the young, that militancy and extremism threaten to destroy all that is good about their country. They must play a part in building for it a different future. The story of an educated young man of Pakistani origin in New York, with a family and from a wealthy background, who was apparently willing to risk so much by planting a bomb which was intended to kill ordinary men, women and children should act as an eye-opener to the kind of problems we have allowed to fester in our midst. It is only by changing this that we can hope to move towards a brighter future and a different image for Pakistan.
Finally, here is the editorial in the Express Tribune:
Why is it that when it comes to terrorism, all roads â€“ or most of them anyway â€“ lead to Pakistan? As long as the link to the bombing attempt at New Yorkâ€™s Times Square had come through vitriolic messages conveyed by the Taliban over YouTube it had been possible to convince ourselves that these were fabricated.
The dramatic arrest on May 3 of Faisal Shahzad from an Emirates flight bound for Dubai from New York, however, makes such denial impossible. Of course, we still will have the naysayers who will say that Shahzad is an American (he only recently became one) and not a Pakistani (he certainly lived much of his life in Pakistan) and that how could someone from such an educated and â€˜goodâ€™ family be involved in something like this (Osama bin Ladenâ€™s family in Saudi Arabia is among the wealthiest in the world while Ayman Al Zawahiriâ€™s father was a professor and he is a trilingual qualified surgeon).
The investigation that will follow the arrest of a 30-year-old naturalised US national, from an affluent Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa family, may throw some light on his links and how he was lured into leaving a truck, loaded with enough material to make a crude but large bomb, in the middle of New Yorkâ€™s Times Square. So far Shahzad has said that he was acting alone but investigators are likely to discount that theory.
According to one report that quotes details of the charges filed against him in a US federal court, he has admitted to receiving training in Waziristan, and if true, it would corroborate a claim by the Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) that it was behind the failed bombing attempt. The fact that the material in the truck failed to explode is perhaps the only silver lining of this whole episode. However, it does not bode well for the large Pakistani community in North America.
While New York Mayor Michael Bloombergâ€™s warning that any attacks against Pakistani-Americans or Muslims will not be tolerated is welcome and timely, it is unlikely to deter those Americans who will want revenge and see Faisal Shahzad as another Mohammad Ata in the making. Shahzad obviously did not realise that his own actions will create immense problems for a community that is known more for its excellent doctors and philanthropists than for breeding terorrists.
But terrorists is how Pakistani-Americans may be seen by many Americans now. The Foreign Office has said that Pakistan will cooperate fully in the investigation with the Americans. This is good because nitpicking whether the man is a Pakistani or not will not achieve anything and is a reflection of the isolationist mindset that many in this country have when it comes to relations between the west and Muslims. The chief military spokesman has already said on record that it is unclear whether the TTP even has the â€œreachâ€ to carry out an attack inside the US.
What is the reason for making such a statement when the TTP chief himself made this statement just a couple of days ago? Even if, for the sake of argument, Shahzad was acting on his own, he has admitted to receiving training in Waziristan, where he reportedly met Qari Hussain Mehsud. The world is a small place and people know the history of the Taliban and how they were created. If it is proven â€” or even perceived by the US â€” that the TTP is involved in this failed bombing attempt, then the case for a military operation in North Waziristan becomes all the more stronger.
So by disputing the TTP link, is ISPR trying to ward off such an eventuality? Right now, the best strategy for the government of Pakistan â€” and the institutions that come under it â€” would be to aid the investigation and help find any accomplices so that the rest of the world does not see even an iota of prevarication. The much-hyped but much neglected registration of madrassahs should be revisited as should be a previous failed attempt to monitor sermons given by prayer leaders in our mosques. And as a society, we all need to ask ourselves what it is that makes us get involved in such things.
One can reasonably quibble with particular points in each of these, but the essential questions they are all asking are the right ones. More importantly, there is not even a hint of denial in them and in each there is a clear sense of urgency for Pakistan to act more decisively against the infrastructures of terrorism, and to do so because it is in Pakistan’s own interest to do so.
And that is the exact right message to give.