Karachi’s St. Patrick’s School Turns 150

Posted on May 6, 2011
Filed Under >Adil Najam, Education, History, People
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Adil Najam

Thanks to an excellent and informative article and pictorial spread by Haris Zuberi in The Express Tribune, I now know that today (May 6, 2011) one of the schools I studied in – the St. Patrick’s High School, Karachi – turns 150 years old. Congratulations on your sesquicentennial, St. Pats. And many happy returns.

I spent two wonderful years at the St. Patrick’s High School as I moved from city to city and school to school across Pakistan. I took away great treasures from every school I went to, including the Islamabad College for Boys (ICB) where I studied longer than in any other of my schools, but in many ways my two years at St. Patrick’s (7th and 8th grades) were especially formative. Some of those friendships and many of those memories still remain with me. It gave me some great teachers to learn from (Mrs. D’Mello, for one), some great students to learn with, and maybe most importantly the idea that learning happens not just in class but all around you and all the time. Thank you, St. Pats.

Haris Zuberi’s article is worth a read even by those who never went to St. Patrick’s or have memories of it:

Two presidents, two prime ministers, three governors, five chief ministers, three mayors… the list of leaders produced by St Patrick’s High School in Karachi reads like the who’s who of Pakistan and is too long to decently fit into a newspaper article’s introduction. For a school that began with just three students in 1861, that is no mean feat.

… It was initially named St Patrick’s English School when it was founded on May 6, 1861 by Rev Fr J. A. Wily of the Society of Jesus. Its very first student was one Master Caldeira later remembered as Captain Caldeira. School records state that St Patrick’s was recognized as the second Catholic school of Karachi; one had previously been established by the Discalced Carmelites in 1845.

During its first year, St Patrick’s was a co-educational institution but in March 1862 five Sisters of the Daughters of the Cross along with Bishop Steins arrived from Europe and started a separate convent school for girls. Both schools continued to function directly under the management of the St Patrick’s parish priest till 1893 after which the girls section was made entirely independent, and named St Joseph’s Convent High School.

St Patrick’s English School was registered a high school in 1867 and the first student to be sent for Matriculation was one Thomas Duncan in 1869 who eventually stood First Class First in the Bombay Presidency. The Society of Jesus remained in charge of the school for 74 years till June 4, 1935. It was then taken over by the Franciscan Order for 15 years from June 5, 1935 to October 6, 1950. Since then it has been administered by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Karachi and has been led by Pakistani principals now under the Catholic Board of Education which also owns and operates St Joseph’s, St Paul’s, St Lawrence’s and the Convent of Jesus and Mary. In 1972, the Bhutto government nationalised St Patrick’s College, which was finally returned to the Catholic Board in 2005.

“Nationalising such reputable educational institutions was one of the worst decisions of the ZA Bhutto government,“ Justice (retired) Wajihuddin Ahmed told The Express Tribune. He takes pride in being a student during the late 1950s and recalled how Father Stephen Raymond, who was the longest serving principal, left a deep impression on all his students.

Another illustrious former student, Javed Jabbar, recalled how he had initially gained admission to St Patrick’s College in 1961 to the Commerce section, while his interest lay in Arts. “Father D’Arcy D’Souza came to my rescue, spoke firmly to my father and persuaded him to allow me to transfer to the Faculty of Arts which I loved,“ Jabbar told this newspaper. “I had the honour of helping win the trophy for St Patrick’s in two debate competitions and also helped produce and edit the college magazine.

We also set up a social welfare group to raise funds for charitable causes… and to get an opportunity to meet girls! The two years were brief but forever enduring in their impact on my life.“

The school motto is the Latin phrase `Per Aspera Ad Astra’ which has also been one of the mottos for Nasa’s space programmes and translates into English as `Through hardship to the stars’.

The original building of the school on its present location was constructed by Rev Fr Jurgens in 1894 at a cost of Rs54,000 of which Rs14,000 were paid by the government as a grant.

The new main school building was completed in 1949 just in time to facilitate the growing number of students as many people migrated to Karachi after partition. The Archdiocese of Karachi was determined to meet the burgeoning needs of education in the independent Pakistan.

According to Principal Father Joseph Paul today the school has more than 5,500 students and 350 teachers and administrative staff.

In 1961, under Principal Rev Fr S Raymond, a memorable centenary celebration was held to mark 100 years of St Patrick’s which was attended by president Ayub Khan, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and the Khan of Kalat. In 1986, prime minister Junejo attended the 125th anniversary.

In June 2005, L K Advani visited while on a trip to Karachi. He had attended the school from 1936 to 1942 and recalled his first meeting with then president Pervez Musharraf, “After learning that he too was a former student, the first subject we discussed was our school and nearly 20 minutes of our 45-minute meeting were devoted to St Patrick’s!“

The same year the school honoured Musharraf. Paying tribute to his teachers Father Raymond, Father Todd and Simon D’ Lima he said, “Their mentoring made a big difference in my life. My brother was a better student, so I would get punished by Mr D’ Lima for not doing as well in Math. Later, I … excelled in it…thanks to those reprimanding reminders I got from Mr D’ Lima!“ He even recalled the spanking he once received from Father Todd, “I wanted to sit on a block of ice after that experience! “Musharraf recalled the spanking he once received from Father Todd, “I wanted to sit on a block of ice after that experience!“

Of course, political figures who went to St. Patrick’s included not just Gen. Pervez Musharraf, but also President Asif Ali Zardari, Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz, Prime Minister Muhammad Khan Junejo, Indian Minister L.K. Advani, Governor Azim Daudpota, Governor Jam Sadiq Ali, Yusuf Haroon, and many more (longer list here).

Another recent tribute to the school comes from the inimitable Ardeshir Cowasjee, writing in Dawn. Here is an excerpt:

The Irish Fusiliers stationed in Karachi built a chapel in the mid-1850s in the cantonment where now stands another famous school, St Joseph`s Convent, and, in 1861, established St Patrick`s School nearby to cater to the educational needs of the growing `parish` community… St Patrick`s has catered to the wide spectrum of society, regardless of caste or creed: children of Sindhi waderas, Baloch sardars, well-to-do families of Karachi, the middle classes and the poorest of poor, Muslims, Christians, Hindus, Scheduled Castes and Parsis. All sat side by side in bright, airy classrooms, acquiring quality education at affordable fees (waiver or reduction of fees was available for the indigent.)

Such was the mission of St Patrick`s and the scores of teachers, outstanding men and women, who made this institution one of the finest in the subcontinent. Living former students remember how teachers focused more on the lessons of life and character-building than the curriculum — amongst the many Patrick Mendes, Ozzie Nazareth, Kathy Gomes, Super Fernandes, Jal D`Souza, Simon D`Lima, Romana D`Mello, Yolande Pinto-Hendersen, Julius Correa, Frs Stephen Raymond, `Punchy` Mascarenhas, Todd and `Tona` deSouza. The school band, scouts and other co-curricular activities were part and parcel of the deal.

One claim to fame was its sports teams and athletes. In 1936, when India was crowned hockey champion at the Berlin Olympics, the school team gave a sound drubbing to the Bhopal Wanderers — more than half of them Olympic gold medallists; St Patrick`s played Peter Paul Fernandes, a member of the Indian team that won in Germany. Winning all-India trophies like the Cabral Shield, the Beighton Cup, the Aga Khan Cup, and the Customs Cup was expected of St Patrick`s — such was the talent, skill and tenacity of the youngsters.

The Ruby Shield and the Pentangulars were also dominated by cricketers from St Patrick`s for many years. Remembered from my school days in the 1940s was Dutch principal, Fr Petronius, who unfailingly sent Jack Britto, an able cricketer who never seemed to grow old enough to graduate from school, to regularly beat our BVS team. Jack, an all-rounder, went on to play hockey for Pakistan in the 1952 Helsinki Olympics. Wallis Matthias and Antao D`Souza were Pakistan`s test cricketers in the early decades.

The school is blessed with large open spaces and playing fields for cricket and hockey that contributed to its prominence in sports and were formation grounds for its erstwhile champions. These heritage spaces are a valuable sports legacy of the city and need to be maintained and well-utilised.

St Patrick`s has produced a president, two prime ministers, a Nishan-i-Haider recipient, four governors, two chief ministers, scores of federal and provincial ministers, generals, air-marshals, an admiral, two cardinals, a chief justice of the supreme court, chief justices of the high court, judges, Olympians, Test cricketers, prominent businessmen, heads of corporate organisations, and social and celebrity icons. The present administration must address the challenge of maintaining the reputation of the school and the brilliance of its alumni.

Let me end on a personal note. Reading these articles I was compelled to prepare this post not just because of nostalgia about one of my own Alma Maters. What moved me much more was the thought that so much of what we become, we become of the educational institutions we go to; and so many of our educational institutions have so much to celebrate and be proud of; and, yet – as a nation and as individuals – we celebrate them so infrequently and so inadequately.

So, whatever educational institution that you went to and whatever institution contributed to making you who you – today would be a good day to think about it; and, maybe, to think about what you can give back to it.

P.S. Also read ATP posts on: Islamia College (Peshawar), F.C. College (Lahore), Namal College (Mianwali), Adamjee College and DJ Science College (Karachi), NED University (Karachi), UET (Lahore).

21 Comments on “Karachi’s St. Patrick’s School Turns 150”

  1. Faisal says:
    May 6th, 2011 7:46 pm

    Thank you for a great post.
    Did not realize you were also from St. Pats…. proud to have gone there myself!

  2. May 6th, 2011 8:49 pm

    Thank you for sharing.

  3. Kazmi says:
    May 6th, 2011 10:03 pm

    Very nice.
    I did not go to St. Pats but lots of my friends did, so reading this was fun.
    I am specially struck by your last line: “whatever educational institution that you went to and whatever institution contributed to making you who you – today would be a good day to think about it; and, maybe, to think about what you can give back to it”
    I agree with that, but frankly it is not easy to give back even if you wanted to.

  4. umair says:
    May 6th, 2011 11:22 pm

    thanks for bringing it on ATP ! love my school

  5. Shez says:
    May 6th, 2011 11:55 pm

    Typical elite class school that produced and continue to churn out the ruling class. ATP should do a post about the ordinary schools of Pakistan too.

  6. Naveed Abbas says:
    May 7th, 2011 12:53 am

    A good post. Feeling of nostalgia for my college (as mentioned in your article also) Islamabad College for Boys (ICB). No doubt, ICBians are rare. Keep it up!

  7. Taimur says:
    May 7th, 2011 3:27 am

    Great post. You are right we should be celebrating these great institutions more. There are so many all around Pakistan. Odd thing, how many of us really benefited from these institutions but never actually do anything positive for them. Just sit and keeray nikalna!
    Thanks for this post. Makes me feel good in these dark times, even though I am not even from Karachi and never saw this school.

  8. tariq khan says:
    May 7th, 2011 8:12 am

    Adil, this is what makes ATP such a great site. posts like this give the chance to think of pakistan and karachi at a basic daily street level. I am waiting for a day when someone will write about St. lawrence school for boys(karachi). tariq khan

  9. Aziz says:
    May 7th, 2011 1:40 pm

    Awesome post. I went to St. Patrick’s and then moved to St. Michael’s. Loved St. Pat’s. I did not see Father Pinto or Todd but heard stories about them and their “discipline by the cane” attitude. St. Patrick’s is the school that built the foundation of my character, my education and my success. Glad to go to this school.

    I still remember the 125 year celebration when prime minister Junejo came to the school. It was a huge moment for us. I have not been to that school for close to 20 years now but I still remember every teacher, every class, every prefect, every minute detail of the school.

    Yes, we owe it to ourselves to build strong education system in Pakistan and salute the institutions and charities that provide such facilities to us without any discrimination. It hurts me to hear about how we (Muslims) treat people of other religion but in return they provide one of the best education system to us.

    Long live St. Patrick’s and all such institutions. The work of Bishop Anthony has been well recognized throughout the world. I hope we, Pakistanis, also recognize how hard he has worked to make education a top priority for every child.

    @Shez, I completely disagree with you. I am not from elite class nor was my dad worked for a high ranking government officer. My brother and I got into school on merit. Yes, we did have a lot of rich kids in the same class but we also had students from poor areas of Karachi who sat side by side without any complexity about their financial status nor their parents influential powers. There may be some instances where one would have felt discriminated but lets keep those anomolies aside and salute the institution that is the highlight of education system in Karachi as well as Pakistan.

  10. Irfan Husain says:
    May 7th, 2011 4:05 pm

    Thanks for this evocative piece on St Pat’s, my old alma mater. I owe much to Father Raymond and his team.

  11. fuzair says:
    May 7th, 2011 7:31 pm

    As an old boy myself, this brought back memories; almost thirty years later I can still recite chunks of Julius Caesar from memory as Miss Raymond made us memorize large parts of it!

    One minor correction, it was ‘Tony’ and not ‘Tona’ D’Souza.

  12. Shez says:
    May 7th, 2011 8:44 pm


    I will not salute this elitist school. There might have been a couple of poor students, 0.1% at most, but that does not exonerate St. Pats from spreading elitism. I would rather salute the famous Peela schools of Karachi who, until two decades ago, used to churn out many gems. All the while taking just one anna in fees, which was later increased to two rupees in late 1980s.

  13. ASAD says:
    May 7th, 2011 8:49 pm

    Very nice article. Loved the Express Tribune spread. Nice to see Adil Najam being mentioned amongst the famous students in the newspaper article.

  14. fuzair says:
    May 7th, 2011 9:11 pm


    St. Pats, at least in my day, certainly had many (the majority actually if you include the technical section) ‘poor’ students. The Cambridge Section was tiny compared to the Matric and infintisimal compared to the Technical side–which was very heavily subsidized by a German religious foundation who’s name I now do not recall. For the poorest, the fees were waived.

  15. May 7th, 2011 10:10 pm

    Happy Birthday to the School.

  16. ms says:
    May 8th, 2011 6:49 pm

    So the elite can send their kids to christian schools …but refuse to stand up for them against blasphemy laws? …oh now i get it.

  17. Haathi says:
    May 10th, 2011 10:24 am

    @Shez @Aziz

    I’m surprised by the assertion that St Pat’s catered to the privileged classes. It did spread elitism, but equally through every segment of society ;) You know, its elitism is more the kind that Palinites in the US deride.

    @Adil Najam

    I loved Mrs. R D’Mello too, despite some ‘kneel downs’ :)

  18. Adnan A says:
    May 11th, 2011 12:21 am

    I too spent two years at that school (A-levels) and those years dictated the path I was to take later in life. Even to call the Cambridge section, which was very tiny compared to the rest of the school, elite – in the material sense – would be a misconception. I would leave it at that. Father Todd was still around until the mid 90s and held the morning assembly. About the assembly I remembered a couple of lines from the school song but then googled it. Imagine a few hundred students singing this with a band every morning:

    “With glorious flags aloft we march to knowledge and to truth,

    With wisdom’s grace to light the face of all our bravest youth;

    St. Patrick’s, St. Patrick’s, rise up with faith ablaze,

    With hope’s pure light disperse the night, and guide our separate ways;

    With courage high and hearts aflame we venture into life,

    In streets and fields we boldly wield our honor bright mid strife;

    St. Patrick’s, St. Patrick’s, rise up with faith ablaze,

    With hope’s pure light disperse the night, and guide our separate ways. “

  19. LMNOP says:
    May 12th, 2011 9:50 am

    St.Patrick – House of Gentiles, from where thousands of Kala Saab and army of crooks and traitors, mean blood sucking capitalists/Landowners came out to create a hell in Pakistan, see the list of the few hell raisers as under:

    StGen. Pervez Musharraf, but also President Asif Ali Zardari, Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz, Prime Minister Muhammad Khan Junejo, Indian Minister L.K. Advani, Governor Azim Daudpota, Governor Jam Sadiq Ali, Yusuf Haroon>>>>>>>

  20. abdulahaddawoodi says:
    May 16th, 2011 1:40 pm

    i am a student of s.t .patrick high school karachi i love this school i am studying in this school scnce 6 years now i am in 7.

  21. Syed Tayyab Naqvi says:
    December 4th, 2011 11:59 am

    I have been a student of St Patrick’s school and college from 1954 to 1965. I couldn’t have had better education anywhere else!!! Yesterday I attended the funeral of Mr Bosco Fernandes, the scout master of St Pat’s and later St Paul’s. Here is my tribute to one of the greatest scout masters Pakistan has ever had:

    Tribute to a Legendary Scout Master

    Mr Bosco Fernandes, former scout master of St Patrick’s School, Karachi, passed away on 29 Nov. About a decade ago he received the Medal of Merit in Scouting from the President of Pakistan.

    He was indeed a legendary figure, totally committed to scouting. He had the great quality of bringing out the best in scouts under his charge, developing their leadership qualities, instilling in them the pristine qualities that make a better person, honesty, truthfulness, dedication to work, sense of duty, self respect, pride in the institution, teamwork, striving for higher pinnacles of achievement and glory. He had NO distinction between Christians, Muslims, Hindus and Parsees. To him ALL were the same and each deserved his guidance, help and support.

    He was a man who had a great impact on the lives of many. As one grew in life, said goodbye to school and college – and scouting – and ventured out in life, one realised with time how Mr Bosco guided him during his childhood days as a boy scout, how that person himself had looked upon Mr Bosco as a father figure, as a role model, as an example to emulate……… and with maturity one realised what a magnificent impact Mr Bosco had had upon that class 8 boy who had joined the Scouts Troop in St Patrick’s School.

    I remember so clearly how my scouting days had helped me in my early years in the Pakistan Naval Academy, how, because of my scouting experience under Mr Bosco, I was one of the very best in my batch in Knots and Splices and Semaphore and even in leading my class on the parade ground and deep in my heart I had silently thanked St Patricks Scouts Troop, and Mr Bosco.

    Mr Bosco may have left this physical world, but he will live eternally in the hearts of many who had the unique privilege of being a scout in St Patricks School, with Mr Bosco Fernandes as the Scout Master.

    May God Almighty forever rest his soul in eternal peace and grant him an abode in heaven. Ameen. And may God Almighty grant his family the strength and courage to bear this very tragic loss. This world is poorer with the sad demise of one of the greatest Scout Masters Pakistan will ever see.

    Rest In Peace, dear Mr Bosco Fernandes.

    Commodore (Rtd) Syed Tayyab Naqvi, SI(M)
    Pakistan Navy
    St Patrick’s School & College 1954 – 1965
    Scout 1960-1964
    Troop Leader 1963-1964

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