Posted on June 5, 2009
Filed Under >Adil Najam, History, People, Poetry
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60 responses to “Prof. Jagan Nath Azad: Creator of Pakistan’s First National Anthem”

  1. lawyerjourno says:

    I do not understand what it means to say Pakistan did not have national anthem for first two years. May be it is a conspiracy policy to rob the glory from a Hindu poet….after all partition was meant Pakistan for Muslims and India for Hindus! But, thank God people of south Asia could not do even this small task and Muslims in India and Hindus in Pakistan are still a major ethnic problem. India is a boiling pot where hundreds of Pakistan may irrupt any moment.

  2. Khurram’s Desk


    National anthem: fact and fiction
    For some time now, some secularists in Pakistan have been suggesting that (a) Jinnah was in favor of secularism, and therefore (b) he commissioned a Hindu poet to write the national anthem of Pakistan but it was replaced by the present anthem after Jinnah’s death.

    Therefore, it is rather serendipitous that two well-researched books should come out at the same time, each addressing a different half of this statement separately (and both having long titles, but that is beside the point):
    Secular Jinnah and Pakistan: What the Nation Doesn’t Know by the British Pakistani writer Saleena Karim is a 317-page study about whether Quaid-i-Azam Jinnah wanted Pakistan to be a secular state.
    Pakistan Ka Qaumi Tarana: Kiya Hai Haqeeqat, Kya Hai Fasana by Aqeel Abbas Jafri is a 104-page analytical presentation of archival resources about the national anthem of Pakistan.
    The first book is in English, and the second is in Urdu, and let’s begin with the second. Although he is little known abroad, Jafri ‘s name has become synonymous with archival research in Pakistan. One of his most recent crowning achievements is the Urdu Chronicle of Pakistan, which presents a chronological illustrated history of the country since 1947.

    In Qaumi Tarana (allow me to refer to the book by this short title), Jafri shows with conclusive documentary evidence that:
    Pakistan did not have a national anthem in the lifetime of Jinnah.
    The present national anthem was the first to be officially adopted by the state.
    There is no evidence to show that any poem by Jagan Nath Azad was played from radio on 14 or 15 August at all.
    Some of the findings of this book were earlier shared by Jafri in his curtain-raiser article in Urdu press (covered here in a previous post, ‘Jafri reveals the truth’). The book offers much – much – more: a fantastic trip of time travelling to the early days of Pakistan, and inside the secret vaults of classified information, all in a light and refreshing manner.

    I strongly recommend it to everybody. Being a basic document about a key symbol of our sovereignty, i.e. our national anthem, it should be kept in every household (Imagine losing your domicile certificate, passport, identity card and personal documents?). The book is modestly priced at Rs.200, which is roughly the same as a full plate of Biryani plus cold drink (and minus the TIP) – so, please do not “starve” your souls.

    Now, very interestingly, while explaining that his purpose is just to keep the record straight, Jafri clarifies in the preface that it would not have been unexpected if the Quaid had actually got the national anthem written by a Hindu poet, but facts are facts and history needs to be respected. In the same vein he admits: “I do not have any doubts about Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah being secular, liberal and enlightened… Since Islam is the very name of tolerance.”

  3. Aqeel Abbas Jafri says:

    The links which I posted in previous comments were difficult to access so I am posting the new links to read this feature in a better way. 7996863#!/photo.php?pid=5377981&id=665520495 7996863#!/photo.php?pid=5378005&id=665520495&fbid= 421202780495

  4. Aqeel Abbas Jafri says:

    Pl. visit the following links to read some more findings on this issue:

  5. taash says:

    I have the original national anthem. Please let me know if anyone is interested in getting a copy through email or let me know if I can post it up on a website.